The "Groyper Army" is an American far-right conservative movement that follows 22-year-old Nick Fuentes, the white nationalist host of "America First," a political commentary show on YouTube.[1] "Groyper" refers to an illustrated toad,[2] based on the internet meme Pepe the Frog.[3] Fuentes' supporters, who call themselves "Groypers" differentiate themselves from other rightwing nationalists and conservative groups, whom they view as "fake conservatives" or "Conservative Inc.", who have sanitized their views on "traditional values" in order to maintain the "optics" of mainstream acceptability, thus betraying the true heart of conservativism as defined by the Groypers.[4] The Groyper Army gained national attention when they publicly heckled Donald Trump Jr. during a national tour to promote his book.[5] This is part of the "Groyper War," in which Groypers attend conservative events on college campuses and troll the speaker with homophobic and racist questions, including ones relating to popular antisemitic conspiracy theories.[6] The following report includes an overview of the online presence of Fuentes and the Groypers, including examples of their anti-Semitic and inciting posts.

As a meme, the Groyper meme, but mostly Pepe the Frog, are not used only by the conservative-religious right, but by white nationalists and white supremacists – and in some cases, by Islamist terrorist organizations like the Lebanese Hezbollah – who do not necessarily share the same conservative ideals held by the original "Groypers".

Nick Fuentes and the logo for the website


Nick Fuentes' Social Media: YouTube - "America First with Nicholas J Fuentes,"[7] 65,700 subscribers, 31 videos, active since October 2019; Twitter - @NickJFuentes,[8] 69,200 followers, 6,593 tweets, active since April 2014; Telegram - NickJFuentes,[9] 10,795 members, active since June 19, 2019

Groypers On Telegram: - Daily Groyper,[10] 603 members, created November 4, 2019; GroyperGang,[11]82 members, created October 30, 2019; Groyper Takes,[12] 272 members, created October 17, 2019; Catholic Groyper,[13] 197 members, created October 20, 2019.

Nick Fuentes on Telegram

On November 18, 2019, Fuentes posted a response to the firing of right-wing columnist Michelle Malkin from conservative group Young American's Foundation after she expressed support for him.[14] Fuentes wrote: "The holocaust denial smear is probably the stupidest and most ridiculous attack they could possibly throw at me. It's like, I rarely even talk about that on my show, I made a joke about it one time and so what that makes me a Denier" and it's permanent and even though I said it was a joke, because I said it one time that's just what I am? ... 'Malkin defends Holocaust Denier' is the headline. It's like you do 500 episodes of a podcast, nobody calls you a podcaster... you make a joke about the Holocaust one time - and you're a denier for life. Moreover it's like the comment in particular. I was replying to a superchat... I was going off of the superchat. I was continuing the bit. It’s not like I just started rambling about it for no reason. Anyway not like it matters, all of this is to say the smear doesn't make any sense, it's just the worst thing they can say about me and legally get away with... All these names 'conspiracy theorist' 'holocaust denier' 'white supremacist.' All of this is shorthand for 'blacklisted.'

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Date Posted: December 09, 2019

Abd Al-Hadi Mahfouz, the President of the Lebanese National Media Council, participated in a November 6, 2019 Mayadeen TV (Lebanon) discussion about the removal of social media accounts of Hamas, Hizbullah, and Islamic Jihad. Mahfouz said that the world's largest media companies are controlled by the Israeli lobby and, more specifically, by MEMRI, which he described as an international Jewish media institute that has "great influence" on those global media companies. The interview was preceded by a graphic about "digital double standards" that the "resistance" movements are allegedly held to by social media platforms. The graphic also says that U.S. Congressmen Brian Fitzpatrick, Josh Gottheimer, Max Rose, and Tom Reed had warned Twitter's CEO that these accounts must be removed from his platform. Mahfouz made similar statements in the past following a Congress bill dealing with incitement by Arab broadcasters: See MEMRI TV Clip 2427 President Of The Lebanese National Media Council Abd Al-Hadi Mahfouz: If US Ends Al-Jazeera's Broadcasting, The Arabs Should End CNN's Broadcasting; Memri Behind Congress Bill.

To view the clip of Abd Al-Hadi Mahfouz on MEMRI TV, click here or below.

Read The Full Report

Date Posted: December 06, 2019


Rivarol is a French far-right weekly newspaper founded in 1951, which bills itself as "The weekly of the national and European opposition." The newspaper is named after the French royalist writer and satirist Antoine de Rivarol (1753-1801), who is also the source of the newspaper's motto: "When the people lose their respect [for authority], they cease to obey." The Rivarol website presents a history of the weekly in French, English, Italian, Swedish and Russian. The English version, titled "Rivarol, a Hearty Old Miracle," states that the weekly is "dedicated to combatting humbug, disinformation and the socio-political establishment." Sarcastically embracing the language of its opponents, the paper adds that "sixty years of unabashed 'revisionism' have failed to blunt the claws and the teeth of a team which... is constantly benefitting from the injection of new blood." It states further that the extent of the threat Rivarol poses to the "anti-France constituency" is evident from the multiple lawsuits that have been brought against it in recent years by various organizations combatting racism and antisemitism, such as MRAP (Movement against Racism and for Friendship between Peoples), LICRA (International League Against Racism and Antisemitism), the Human Rights League of France, and others.[1]

Jerome Bourbon, a former member of the right-wing National Front party, has been the chief editor of the newspaper since 2010. On June 19, 2013, he was convicted, along with the National Front's president, Jean-Marie Le Pen, and Rivarol's then publishing director, Camille Galic, of Holocaust denial, and fined 2,000 euros. In December 2016, he was again convicted of Holocaust denial and of inciting hate, and fined 11,000 euros, for several tweets he posted, one of which, from June 19, 2015, said, "A sad time: people don't believe in God or in Hell but they believe in gas chambers without having seen them."[2]

Bourbon's June 19, 2015 tweet

The weekly newspaper urges its readers to donate funds, and even their inheritance, in order to help it deal with the lawsuits and fines: "To [help us] defend ourselves against our persecutors – we are currently involved in 13 lawsuits, requiring more than 100,000 euros! – please make a donation or donate your legacy, take out a subscription for yourself or your friends, or make a contribution to the friends of Rivarol." Several types of subscription are offered, a "Sustaining Subscription" (175 euros), a "Propaganda Subscription" (210 euros) or a "Lifelong Subscription" (2000 euros).[3]

Rivarol focuses on antisemitism, Holocaust denial and conspiracy theories. A major claim it repeats is that France's Jews encourage Muslim immigration to France in order to weaken this country and Europe, but that some of them pretend to oppose this immigration in order to fan the flames of Islamophobia, which helps Israel. This claim is similar to that of the conspiracy theory which is associated with the Great Replacement theory, which says that the Muslim and African immigration to France and Europe is being done with the aid of a transnational group of globalist capitalist ruling elites called "Mondialists," some of whom are believed to be Jews.

This report presents examples of antisemitism and Holocaust denial from five issues of Rivarol, published between September 4 and October 23, 2019.

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Date Posted: November 25, 2019


The following report, published as part of the MEMRI White Supremacist Online Incitement Project, presents information about a Telegram account devoted to racist, anti-Jewish, and anti-black content and threats.

Threat/Risk Assessment:

The white supremacist Telegram channel "Terrorwave Refined" calls for violent attacks on law enforcement, Jews, African-Americans, Hispanics, and the LGBT community. The channel posts content from neo-Nazi organizations across the world, including the Ukraine-based "Misanthropic Division," the international recruiting branch for the Ukrainian "Azov Battalion,"[1] the Texas-based "Atomwaffen Division,"[2] and Australia's "Antipodean Resistance."[3]

It posts extensive instructions on selecting targets and making homemade weapons and bombs, even sharing a video of an attack. It offers advice on selecting targets, as well as naming some targets, among them civil infrastructure, and idolizes white supremacist terrorists and mass murderers, including Charles Manson,[4] Timothy McVeigh,[5] Anders Breivik,[6] Dylann Roof,[7] and Brenton Tarrant.[8] In one post, the channel encouraged Polish subscribers to carry out attacks on crowds. It also forwarded a post emphasizing the need to "kill powerful people" and "High-Value Targets."

"Terrorwave Refined" also posts extensive white supremacist propaganda from Ukraine, Australia, and possibly the U.S., U.K. and other European countries, and offers instructions for secure online communication and for bypassing Apple's blocking of some Telegram content.

The following is a selection of some of this content.

Platform: Telegram

Account name: "TERRORWAVE REFINED"[9] (3,021 members) and "TERRORWAVE REFINED2" (166 members)[10]

Account description: "TERRORWAVE REFINED" appears to have been shut down and is no longer accessible as of November 2019. Much of the content from that channel was forwarded to the "TERRORWAVE REFINED2" channel, which served as a backup in case the main channel was shut down. The content in this report was posted on both channels.

The original "TERRORWAVE REFINED" channel, which became active on July 2, 2019, posted on the same day that it was an "updated" iteration of another channel, "TERRORWAVE,"[11] that states that it is "free of red and anarchist content." The post also sets out the channel's allegiance to George Lincoln Rockwell, founder of the American Nazi Party;[12] white supremacist cult leader Charles Manson, and more recent white supremacist mass shooters Dylann Roof and Brenton Tarrant.

Affiliated accounts: The original "TERRORWAVE" account is still active, with 152 members. Another channel that claims be associated with "TERRORWAVE" and features similar content is named "TerrorWaveInspo" and has 172 members.[13] "TERRORWAVE REFINED" also maintains a secondary channel, "TERRORWAVEREFINED2," to which most of the content is forwarded.

A description of the channel, posted on July 2, 2019.

The channel's information.

Ideological affiliation: The channel features content forwarded from different organizations across the world. It often prominently includes content relating to "Misanthropic Division," the international recruiting branch of the Ukraine-based neo-Nazi group "Azov Battalion."[14] Some posts appear to be forwarded from Ukrainian nationalist and white supremacist accounts, and feature content in English and Ukrainian.

A post from October 16, 2019 featuring the insignia of "Misanthropic Division" and the Ukrainian "Azov Battalion."

A post from October 16, 2019 with the image of an armed militant and the "Azov Battalion" insignia.

A posted image called for snipers to join the neo-Nazi "Atomwaffen Division," one of the most violent extremist groups in the U.S. which is linked to a series of killings.[15] This image also features the web address of, a defunct influential neo-Nazi website which is no longer active and where "Atomwaffen Division" began sharing its content.[16]

An image of a vintage poster supporting American neo-Nazi George Lincoln Rockwell featured a quote attributed to Rockwell: "The children of today will be forced to exterminate swarms of wild niggers until all of them are finally corralled in Africa. And their children in turn will look back on you, their grandparents, and wonder how in the name of Heaven we ever let this insanity go so far without doing anything but talk." The poster also features the mailing address for Rockwell's neo-Nazi organization, the National Socialist Liberation Front.

On July 5, 2019, the channel posted a photograph of a rifle and what appeared to be a copy of the book "CAELETHI: The Black Book of Satan II" by Christos Beest.[17]

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Date Posted: November 21, 2019


In October 2019, Seattle authorities confiscated five rifles, including an AK-47, and three pistols and other gun components from 24-year-old Kaleb James Cole, an avowed neo-Nazi. The weapons were seized under Washington State's "red flag" Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO), which authorities requested to file against him on September 26. The request stated: "Kaleb Cole is a self-admitted member of the Atomwaffen Division and believed to be the cell leader of the Washington state chapter." The judge in the case said that Cole posed "a serious threat to public safety by having access and possession to firearms and a concealed pistol license." A prosecutor said, "This was an individual who had access to firearms and was preparing for a race war." Under ERPO, he is prevented from owning weapons for up to one year.[1]

Later, on November 4, Cole was present during the arrest of a suspected Atomwaffen Division member in Post, Texas. Aiden Bruce-Umbaugh, 23, was arrested for possessing firearms while illegally using marijuana and THC oil. Law enforcement seized firearms from Bruce-Umbaugh's vehicle, including a Sig Sauer 9mm pistol, an AR-15 rifle, an AK-47 rifle, and another semi-automatic rifle, and at least 1,500 rounds of ammunition. At the time of the arrest, both Cole and Bruce-Umbaugh were wearing tactical military gear, which is commonly worn by Atomwaffen Division members.[2]

Bruce-Umbaugh (left) and Kaleb Cole at Auschwitz (Source:, November 15, 2019)

While Atomwaffen Division, one of the most violent extremist groups in the U.S. which is linked to a series of killings, openly calls for violence against Jews, minorities, the LGBTQ community, and the federal government, and its members undergo military training to actively prepare for a "race war," Cole was not charged with any offense.

The confiscated weapons. (Source:, October 18, 2019)

Against this backdrop, this report will review Atomwaffen Division members' online activity promulgating hate speech and calls for violence and also showing means of taking action.

Read The Full Report

Date Posted: November 18, 2019

Former Jordanian Health Minister Dr. Zaid Hamzeh said in an October 9, 2019 interview on A One TV (Jordan) that nations oftentimes only progress after having suffered for centuries and that future Arab generations must suffer before progressing. In addition, he said that he had supported Adolf Hitler during World War II like other Arabs, and recalled that in fourth grade his school had participated in demonstrations and chanted "Long live Abu Ali," which he said had been a reference to Hitler. Dr. Hamzeh said that the Arabs supported Hitler because he hated the Jews, although he added the Arabs have a general tendency to admire dictators.

To view the clip of Dr. Zaid Hamzeh on MEMRI TV, click here or below.

"Other Nations Have Progressed After Having Suffered For Centuries"

Interviewer: "After all those years, did you expect to see what has happened in recent years? Did you expect in the 40s, 50s, and 60s that we would reach where we are at?"

Zaid Hamzeh: "With all modesty, I would have to say 'yes'. It's no prophecy... It was based on political and historical analysis."

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Date Posted: November 08, 2019

A conference titled "The Holocaust – the Biggest Lie in Modern History" was held in Jordan and broadcasted by Al-Finiq TV (Jordan) on October 14, 2019. At the conference, Jordanian researcher and journalist Muwaffaq Muhadin expressed doubt that Jews were burned in furnaces during WWII, and he claimed that more Roma had been killed by the Nazis than Jews, who he said had been killed just the same as Germans and other non-Jews had been killed. Jordanian researcher Mahmoud Awad said that the Nazis' Final Solution had actually been to drive the Jews out of Germany in order to get rid of the Jewish influence that had ruined German and Western culture. He said that Zyklon B had been used to purify clothes, including the uniforms of prisoners, from insects and diseases and that it was only the bodies of deceased prisoners that had been burned in furnaces. Awad said that no more than 400,000 Jews had been killed by the Nazis and that the absence of ashes, bodies, bones, and other types of evidence demonstrate that it was implausible that the Nazis killed Jews in furnaces. He added: "[Goebbels] used to say: Lie and lie again until the people believe you. The Jews say: Lie and lie again until you believe yourself."

To view the clip of the Holocaust Denial conference in Jordan on MEMRI TV, click here or below.

"The Number Of Gypsies... That Were Killed [In WWII] Is Much Bigger Than The Number Of Jews That Were Killed"

Muwaffaq Muhadin: "Nobody denies that hundreds of thousands of Jews, and maybe more, were killed during WWII. I'm saying 'killed,' and not 'burned.' There is a difference between being killed and being burned in a systematic manner. The number of Gypsies, for example, that were killed [in WWII] is much bigger than the number of Jews that were killed. The Russian army and the Russian people lost 20 million people [in the war].

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Date Posted: November 08, 2019

On October 29, 2019, a video about Jewish control of the pornography industry was uploaded by Midan Voice, an Al-Jazeera Internet audio channel directed at youth. The narrator said that the Jews dominate the porn industry and spread pornography in order to "pollute Christian culture" and destroy American values. Midan Voice was launched on YouTube and Soundcloud in January 2018. According to a statement released by Al-Jazeera at the time, the channel would help to circumvent bans on Al-Jazeera broadcasts in various Arab countries.

To view the clip of Al-Jazeera's Midan Voice Program on MEMRI TV, click here or below.

Read The Full Report

Date Posted: November 01, 2019

Palestinian President Mahmoud 'Abbas recently issued instructions to rebuild the home of Latifa Abu Hmeid, the mother of six terrorists who were involved in shooting and suicide attacks against Israelis. Abu Hmeid's home, in the Al-Am'ari refugee camp in the Ramallah-Al-Bireh governorate, has been demolished by Israel four times following attacks by her sons. The third time was in December 2018, after Latifa's son, Islam Abu Hmeid, killed an Israeli soldier. 'Abbas issued instructions to rebuild it, [1] but before the reconstruction was complete Israel demolished the house again, following which 'Abbas again ordered its rebuilding. This latest decision was announced on October 24, 2019 by Palestinian Minister of Civil Affairs and Fatah official Hussein Al-Sheikh on his Twitter page. On the same day Palestinian Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh visited Latifa Abu Hmeid and praised her for her "steadfastness."

As stated, six of Abu Hmeid's sons, members of Fatah and Hamas, were involved in the murder of Israelis. 'Abd Al-Mun'im Abu Hmeid was active in the Hamas military wing, the 'Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades, and was killed by Israel. He assisted in the murder of three Israelis in the West Bank on December 14, 1990 and the murder of another Israeli on February 13, 1994. Nasser Abu Hmeid, one of the founders of Fatah's military wing, the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, was a deputy to Marwan Barghouti, Fatah Secretary-General in the West Bank during the Second Intifada, and took an active part in the lynching of two Israeli soldiers who lost their way and entered Ramallah on October 12, 2000. He is serving seven consecutive life sentences and an additional 50 years for the murder of seven Israelis and 12 additional attempted murders. Sharif Abu Hmeid was active in the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and supplied weapons and assistance for the execution of terror attacks in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv during February and March 2002. He is serving four consecutive life sentences. Muhammad Abu Hmeid is serving two consecutive life sentences plus 30 years for planning suicide attacks for the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades. Nasr Abu Hmeid was active with Nasser in the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and is currently serving five consecutive life sentences for planning suicide attacks. Islam Abu Hmeid is serving a life sentence for killing an Israeli soldier by dropping a slab of marble from the roof of a building in Al-Am'ari in May 2018. In 2004-2009 he served a prison sentence for a shooting attack he perpetrated on behalf of Hamas. Another son, Jihad Abu Hmeid, is currently detained in Israel.

Latifa Abu Hmeid, aka Umm Nasser, is frequently honored by Fatah and Palestinian Authority (PA) officials, including President 'Abbas, who visit her and encourage her. She is known among the Palestinians as "the Khansa' of Palestine," after 7th century Arabic poet Al-Khansa' bint 'Amr, who was called "The Mother of the Martyrs" because she did not mourn the death of her four sons in the Battle of Qadisiyah, but rather thanked Allah for honoring her with their martyrdom.

This report presents responses by PA and Fatah to the demolition of Latifa Abu Hmeid's home and statements in her praise made recently and over the years.

'Abbas Orders Reconstruction Of The Abu Hmeid Family Home

'Abbas's recent decision to rebuild the house was tweeted by Palestinian Civil Affairs Minister and Fatah Central Committee member Hussein Al-Sheikh several hours after the last demolition of the house. He wrote: "According to the decision of the Honorable President ['Abbas], the home of the Abu Hmeid family, which the occupation forces have demolished, will be rebuilt [again]. The bulldozers of the occupation will never break us. We will never succumb to them and never bow [our heads]. Our will is stronger than their tanks and bulldozers, and victory [will be] ours."[2]

Hussein Al-Sheikh's tweet

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Date Posted: October 28, 2019

In his September 24, 2019 column in the Jordanian daily Al-Dustour, 'Abd Al-Hamid Al-Hamshari wrote that the 9/11 attacks were planned by the U.S. National Security Council with the aim of destabilizing the Middle East and preventing the rise of an Arab power that would compete with the U.S. for hegemony in that region.

Al-Hamshari, who is a member of Jordanian human rights organizations,[1] adds that since 9/11, the U.S. has continued to sow chaos in the region by means of terror organizations like Al-Qaeda and ISIS, which it established, in order to redraw its borders along sectarian and ethnic lines and serve the interests of its ally, Israel.

It should be mentioned that, several days before the anniversary of 9/11, Al-Dustour posted another conspiratorial article on this topic, which claimed that the Muslims were the true victims of the attacks.[2]

'Abd Al-Hamid Al-Hamshari (Source:

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Date Posted: October 17, 2019

In a two-part article in the Palestinian Authority (PA) daily Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, journalist Muwaffaq Matar called to adopt an idea presented by Palestinian President Mahmoud 'Abbas in a booklet from 1982, titled "We Need an Arab Keren Hayesod." [1] In this 14-page booklet, 'Abbas reviewed the activity of the Zionist movement after Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism, with emphasis on the Keren Hayesod organization, which was established in 1920 to raise funds for encouraging Jewish immigration to Palestine and consolidating the Jewish settlement there. 'Abbas concluded the booklet by stating that Keren Hayesod had served its purpose and that Israel no longer had any use for it. However, he advocated establishing an "Arab Keren Hayesod" that would help Jews leave Israel. He wrote that the Zionist movement had lured the Jews to Palestine with lies and false promises, and that their lives there have been nothing but "pain, difficulty, anxiety and loss"; therefore, many of them now wished to flee Israel, and helping them do so would benefit both them and the Palestinian cause.

After summarizing 'Abbas's arguments in the booklet, journalist Muwaffaq Matar writes that the Zionist Movement deliberately pushed Jews to leave their countries of origin and emigrate to Palestine by drumming up fear of antisemitism, and also by initiating terrorist actions against Jews around the world. The greatest victims of its activity, he said, were not only the Palestinians but also the Eastern or Sephardi Jews, i.e., the Jews originating in Arab countries, whom he calls "Jewish Arabs." According to him, the Ashkenazi Jews, i.e., Jews of European origin, took over Israel's state institutions and positions of power, while using the Eastern Jews as pawns and settling them in Israel's border regions to serve as cannon fodder in the conflict with the Arabs. Consequently, these Jews are now disillusioned with Zionism and would be happy to flee the state of Israel. The uprooting of the Jews from the Arab countries, he adds, was the most dangerous plot in the history of mankind, second only to the extermination of the native Americans.

Matar claims that the Eastern Jews have remained devoted to their Arab culture and heritage and yearn to return to their Arab countries of origin. It therefore behooves the Arabs to liberate them from "the shackles of the racist imperialist state [of Israel]" by helping them to realize this hope. To this end, he says, the Arabs should implement 'Abbas's idea and establish an "Arab Keren Hayesod" that would raise funds for this purpose. Matar calls on the Arab states to facilitate their return by giving them back the property they left behind when they immigrated to Israel and allowing them to return to their cities and homes. He also calls on the Palestinians to foster ties with the Eastern Jews in order to pave the way for their return, and notes that the PLO began doing this when it founded the Committee for Interacting with Israeli Society in 2012.

These suggestions to fund the emigration of the Jews – who were ostensibly deceived into coming to Israel and now yearn to leave it – may be intended to justify the demand to let the Palestinian refugees return to their homes within the 1948 territories. These suggestions correspond to the uncompromising official Palestinian position in this matter, which is that all Palestinian refugees must be returned to their original homes and given compensation.

Mahmoud 'Abbas's 1982 booklet titled "We Need an Arab Keren Hayesod" (source:

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Date Posted: October 15, 2019


The Facebook groups examined in this report are focused on promoting the Palestinian cause and Boycott Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel. In this report we present posts that appeared in eight BDS groups between January 2016 and July 2019, with explicit and blatant antisemitic incitement against Jews and Judaism without any context linking them to Israel or its policies.

For the first part of this series, see MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1455, Incitement Against Jews By U.S.-Based Neo-Nazi And White Supremacist Members Of Pro-Palestinian And BDS Facebook Groups, May 16, 2019.

Groups Examined (see Appendix for details):

  1. Boycott Israel[1]: Public group with 10,000 members.
  2. BDS FIRST[2]: Public group with about 2,000 members.
  3. Stand with Palestine[3]: Public group with 60,000 members.
  4. ANTI ZIONIST – BOYCOTT ISRAEL[4]: Closed Facebook group with 4,000 members.
  5. A group for Palestine and its friends[5]: Closed group with 24,000 members.
  6. Boycott Israel.... Support the BDS[6]: Closed group with more than 35,000 members.
  7. Boycott Israel️. Free Palestine  ANSWER ALL 3 QUESTIONS PLZ!![7]: Closed group with more than 11,000 members.
  8. BOYCOTT ISRAEL NEWS AND MEDIA.[8]: Closed group with 800 members.

This report focuses solely on posts[9] published in these groups (most of which are very active) that express explicit hatred and vilification of Jews and incite against them. Members of these groups represent a wide range of geographic locations, religious beliefs, and political ideologies.[10] Incitement against Jews is rampant in all these groups, demonstrating that antisemitism transcends geographic, political and religious divides. As of this writing, none of the posts mentioned in this report were deleted or criticized by group administrators or moderators. In fact, many of the posts were created by them. This report includes only a small sample of the anti-Jewish incitement spread in these groups. It nevertheless is an accurate reflection of attitudes towards Jews that are rampant in BDS groups.

An analysis of the personal Facebook pages of users quoted in this work shows that they are based in Western countries such as the U.S., Canada, the U.K., and Australia, in Muslim countries such as Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Pakistan, as well as in South Africa and India. They express diverse positions towards politically charged issues in the U.S., including abortion, immigration, and gun control. The religious identity of members is diverse as well, with many members indicating that they are practicing Muslims and Christians, while others are ardent atheists.

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Date Posted: October 07, 2019