The following are excerpts from an interview with Prof. 'Abd Al-'Aziz Al-Fawzan, of Al-Imam University, Saudi Arabia
Prof. 'Abd Al-'Aziz Al-Fawzan: Defensive Jihad must be authorized by the leader, if the Muslims have a legal leader. It is possible that the leader, along with the leading jurisprudents and the nation's leaders, will think that the Jihad should be postponed due to certain interests. But if they don't have a leader, as is the case unfortunately, in some Muslim countries, should the Muslims surrender to the occupying enemy? No cleric would allow such a thing. The clerics have all agreed that if an enemy invades a Muslim country, Jihad against this enemy becomes an individual duty applying to anyone who can wage Jihad.
But I'd like to highlight a very important issue, about which, in my opinion, even some clerics make mistakes. They read in the religious law books that Jihad becomes an individual duty when an enemy invades a Muslim country. But they say it applies to all Muslims worldwide A– while no cleric says this.
Jihad is an individual duty applying to the people of that country. If they cannot defend themselves against this enemy then it applies to the next in line, to the next in line after them, and so on, and it is possible that it will eventually apply to all the countries of Islam. But this does not mean that if an enemy enters Iraq, for instance, then all the Muslims in all the countries of the world need to come to Iraq to fight. No one has said so. Only an ignorant would say so.
Jihad is an individual duty applying to the Iraqi people. They need to wage this Jihad against this enemy until it leaves their country, especially as this enemy hurts their honor, blood, and property. Is it conceivable that we will let it be? Never. Jihad in this case is an individual duty applying to anyone capable of waging it in this country.