March 7, 2024 Special Dispatch No. 11183

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi: 'China And Russia Have Forged A New Paradigm Of Major-Country Relations That Differs Entirely From The Obsolete Cold War Approach'; 'If The U.S. Says One Thing And Does Another, Where Is Its Credibility As A Major Country?'

March 7, 2024
Russia, China | Special Dispatch No. 11183

On March 7, 2024, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, gave a speech at a press conference on the sidelines of the second session of the 14th National People's Congress in Beijing.

In his speech, Wang Yi spoke about the importance of Russia-China relations and criticized U.S. policies to contain China. "The challenge for the U.S. comes from itself, not from China. If the U.S. is obsessed with suppressing China, it will eventually harm itself," Wang Yi said. He then discussed neighborly relations, stating that in face of unwarranted provocation in the South China Sea, China will respond with prompt and legitimate countermeasures.

Concerning the Korean Peninsula, he said that anyone trying to use the "Korean Peninsula issue to revive the retrogressive Cold War confrontation will be held accountable by history," and that "anyone undermining regional peace and stability will pay a heavy price."

Talking about the war in Gaza, Wang Yi said that China supported Palestine in becoming a full member of the United Nations. He also mentioned that a new meeting of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation will be held in autumn in Beijing.

(Source: Xinhua)

Below is Wang Yi's speech:[1]

"Maintaining And Growing The China-Russia Relationship Is A Strategic Choice"

"In this changing and turbulent international environment, China will remain a staunch force for peace, stability and progress of the world.

"The CPC is dedicated both to pursuing happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation and to promoting human progress and world harmony. That is our mission and our duty. It is also our aspiration and our goal.

"The year 2023 not only witnessed pioneering efforts but also great harvests in China's diplomacy. The Chinese foreign service fully implemented the guiding principles set forth at the 20th CPC National Congress. We took steps to promote international solidarity and cooperation, and offered solutions to crises and challenges. We contributed to world peace and development, and broke new ground in China's diplomatic theory and practice.

"We will be more confident and self-reliant in cultivating the features of China's diplomacy. We will be more open and inclusive and conduct diplomacy with a broad vision. We will uphold fairness and justice, and further establish the ethos of China's diplomacy. We will promote win-win cooperation, and stay true to the ideal of China's diplomacy.

"Russian natural gas is fueling numerous Chinese households, and Chinese-made automobiles are running on Russian roads. All this shows the strong resilience and broad prospects of China-Russia mutually beneficial cooperation.

"Maintaining and growing the China-Russia relationship is a strategic choice by the two sides based on the fundamental interests of the two peoples. It is also what we must do to keep pace with the trend of the world.

"China and Russia have forged a new paradigm of major-country relations that differs entirely from the obsolete Cold War approach. On the basis of non-alliance, non-confrontation and not targeting any third party, China and Russia strive for lasting good-neighborliness and friendship and seek to deepen their comprehensive strategic coordination.

"In today's world, hegemonism finds no support, and division leads nowhere. Major countries should not seek confrontation, and the Cold War should not be allowed to come back."

"China Is Ready To Work With All Countries"

"This important tenet of building a community with a shared future for mankind demonstrates President Xi Jinping's broad historical vision and deep passion for the world as the leader of a major country. It goes beyond the obsolete zero-sum game mentality, assumes the moral high ground of civilization, and captures the shared aspirations of all nations. It points the right direction for humanity at a historical inflection point where accelerated transformation unseen in a century is unfolding across the world.

"Building a community with a shared future for mankind has developed from a conceptual proposition to a scientific system, from a Chinese initiative to an international consensus, and from a promising vision to practical outcomes, showing strong vitality.

"The number-one reality in today's world is that all countries rise and fall together, and that the sure path to meeting the challenges is mutual assistance and win-win cooperation. The future of humanity should be decided by all countries together, and that the future of the world should be built by all peoples together.

"China is ready to work with all countries to build an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world of lasting peace, universal security and shared prosperity. The road ahead may be tortuous, but the future is bright.

"Our position is the three principles proposed by President Xi Jinping—mutual respect, peaceful coexistence, and win-win cooperation. They are a statement of the experiences and lessons of the 50-plus years of China-U.S. relations, and represent the right way for interactions between major countries. They should be observed and acted upon by both sides."

"The Challenge For The U.S. Comes From Itself, Not From China. If The U.S. Is Obsessed With Suppressing China, It will Eventually Harm Itself"

"Mutual respect is the precondition, because interaction sustains only when differences in social and political systems are respected and acknowledged. Peaceful coexistence is the baseline, because conflict and confrontation between two major countries like China and the U.S. have unimaginable consequences. Win-win cooperation is the goal, because when working together, China and the U.S. can do great things conducive to the two countries and the world.

"If the U.S. says one thing and does another, where is its credibility as a major country? If it gets jittery whenever it hears the word 'China,' where is its confidence as a major country? If it only wants itself to prosper but denies other countries' legitimate development, where is international fairness? If it persistently monopolizes the high end of the value chain and keeps China at the low end, where is fairness in competition?

"The challenge for the U.S. comes from itself, not from China. If the U.S. is obsessed with suppressing China, it will eventually harm itself.

"We urge the U.S. to be clear-eyed about the trend of the times, view China's development objectively and rationally, engage in exchanges with China proactively and pragmatically, and act to fulfill its commitments."

"Multipolarity Doesn't Mean Multiple Blocs, Or Fragmentation, Or Disarray"

"An equal multipolar world means equal rights, equal opportunities, and equal rules for every nation. An orderly multipolar world means all should observe the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter. Universally beneficial globalization means growing the economic pie and sharing it more fairly. Inclusive globalization means supporting countries in pursuing a development path suited to their own national conditions.

"Certain or a few powers should not monopolize international affairs. Countries should not be categorized according to their 'strength.' Those with the bigger fist should not have the final say. And it is definitely unacceptable that certain countries must be at the table while some others can only be on the menu.

"Multipolarity doesn't mean multiple blocs, or fragmentation, or disarray. All countries must act within the U.N.-centered international system, and pursue cooperation under global governance.

"There is no distinction between noble and humble lives, and life should not be labeled by race or religion."

"We Support Palestine's Full Membership In The U.N."

"The failure to end the humanitarian disaster caused by the Palestinian-Israeli conflict today in the 21st century is a tragedy for humanity and a disgrace for civilization. Nothing justifies the protraction of the conflict, or the killing of the civilian population.

"The long occupation of the Palestinian territories is a fact that should not be ignored anymore, and that the long-cherished aspiration of the Palestinians for an independent state should not be evaded anymore. More importantly, the historical injustice to the Palestinians must not be allowed to continue uncorrected from generation to generation.

"Restoring justice to the Palestinian people and fully implementing the two-State solution is the only way to break the vicious cycle of Palestinian-Israeli conflicts, to eliminate the breeding ground of extremist ideologies, and to realize enduring peace in the Middle East.

"We support Palestine's full membership in the U.N. and urge certain U.N. Security Council member to stop laying obstacles to that end. We call for a more broad-based, more authoritative, and more effective international peace conference to work out a timetable and road map for the two-State solution.

"We learn from international practices and draw wisdom from Chinese culture, and we have found the Chinese way to address hotspot issues: a commitment to non-interference in internal affairs, a commitment to political settlement, a commitment to objectivity and impartiality, and a commitment to addressing both symptoms and root causes.

"On all hotspot issues, China always promotes talks for peace. We never add fuel to the fire.

"All peoples in the world have a sense of justice in their hearts. Credibility comes before influence.

"We will work with all countries to build consensus for ending conflicts, pave the way for peace talks, and strive for a world of lasting peace and common security."

"As Long As China And Europe Engage In Mutually Beneficial Cooperation, No Attempt To Create Bloc Confrontation Will Succeed"

"Labeling China as a partner, competitor and systemic rival at the same time is neither consistent with reality nor viable. On the contrary, it only caused distractions and created obstacles for China-EU relations. It's like driving to a crossing and finding the red, yellow and green lights all on at the same time. How can you drive on?

"In the context of China-EU relations, the two sides should be characterized rightly as partners. Cooperation should be the defining feature of the relationship, autonomy its key value, and win-win its future. We hope that China-EU relations will move ahead smoothly with green lights at every crossing.

"A strong Europe is in the long-term interests of China. A strong China is also in the fundamental interests of Europe.

"As long as China and Europe engage in mutually beneficial cooperation, no attempt to create bloc confrontation will succeed; as long as China and Europe stay committed to openness and win-win, deglobalization will not prevail."

"We Will Never Allow Taiwan To Be Separated From The Motherland"

"There will be a family photo of the whole international community in which all members uphold the one-China principle. It is only a matter of time.

"The stronger the commitment to the one-China principle is, the greater the guarantee for the peace across the Strait will be.

"Our policy is quite clear—we will continue to strive for peaceful reunification with the greatest sincerity. Our bottom line is also quite clear—we will never allow Taiwan to be separated from the motherland.

"Whoever engages in 'Taiwan independence' on the island will be held accountable by history. Whoever in the world connives at and support 'Taiwan independence' will get burned for playing with fire and taste the bitter fruit of their own doing.

"All people of Chinese descent should uphold the overall interests of the Chinese nation, jointly oppose 'Taiwan independence,' and support peaceful reunification.

"China and its neighboring countries will always be there for each other, and Asia is our common home. Making it a better place is the shared hope of all countries in the region."

"China Stands Ready To Work With Our Neighbors To Carry Forward The Five Principles Of Peaceful Coexistence"

"Since President Xi Jinping initiated our neighborhood diplomacy featuring amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness, we have worked with our neighbors to open up new prospects for good neighborliness and friendship and have found the distinctive Asian way for getting along well with each other.

"Although born in Asia, the five principles transcend differences in social system and ideology. They have become basic norms governing international relations and fundamental principles of international law, contributing the wisdom of the East to properly handling state-to-state relations.

"China stands ready to work with our neighbors to carry forward the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence toward building a community with a shared future for Asia and for mankind, so that Asia can continue to contribute to world peace and provide impetus to global growth.

"All our efforts point to one goal, that is, to pave the way for ending the conflict and starting peace talks.

"Past experience shows that a conflict, when prolonged, tends to deteriorate and escalate, even to the extent unthinkable for parties concerned. In the absence of peace talks, misperception and miscalculation will accumulate and may lead to an even bigger crisis. Lessons in this regard should not be forgotten.

"All conflicts have to end at the negotiating table. The earlier the talks start, the sooner peace will arrive.

"China supports the holding in due course of an international peace conference that is recognized by both Russia and Ukraine and ensures the equal participation of all parties and fair discussions on all peace plans."

"Spreading Pessimistic Views On China Will End Up Harming Oneself, And Misjudging China Will Result In Missed Opportunities"

"China remains strong as an engine for growth. The next China is still China.

"China's development is driven not only by a reasonable growth in quantity but also an effective upgrade in quality.

"Spreading pessimistic views on China will end up harming oneself, and misjudging China will result in missed opportunities.

"We hope more countries will offer Chinese citizens visa facilitation, and work with us to build fast-track networks for cross-border travels and encourage speedy resumption of international passenger flights. This will make it more convenient for Chinese citizens to travel abroad, and make foreign friends feel at home in China.

"Peace and stability in the South China Sea have been maintained thanks to the collective efforts of China and ASEAN countries. The most important experience we have drawn is that we must adhere to two principles. First, differences should be properly managed and resolved through dialogue, consultation, or negotiation between states directly involved. Second, peace at the sea should be upheld by China and ASEAN countries working together.

"Abusing our good faith should not be allowed. Distorting maritime laws cannot be accepted. In face of deliberate infringements, we will take justified actions to defend our rights in accordance with the law. In face of unwarranted provocation, we will respond with prompt and legitimate countermeasures.

"We will work with ASEAN countries to strive for an early conclusion of the COC and to ensure that the South China Sea remains a sea of peace and cooperation."

"In The Field Of AI, Cooperation Between Major Countries Is Vital"

"We believe that there should be equal emphasis on development and security. New things and new opportunities should be embraced; and at the same time, brakes should be checked before setting off. Concerted efforts are needed to advance global governance on AI.

"Our main focus is to ensure three principles are met. First, ensure that AI is a force for good. Second, ensure safety. Third, ensure fairness.

"Attempts to create 'small yard, high fence' in AI development would result in mistakes with historic consequences. Such attempts cannot block other countries' technological development. They would only fragment international industrial and supply chains and undercut humanity's ability to tackle risks and challenges.

"In the field of AI, cooperation between major countries is vital, so is capacity-building for developing countries. We will submit in due course to the U.N. General Assembly a draft resolution on enhancing international cooperation on capacity-building of artificial intelligence in order to encourage technology sharing among parties, bridge the AI divide, and leave no one behind."

"China Will Continue To Stand Firmly With Our African Brothers And Supports An Africa That Is Truly Independent"

"China and Africa are brothers treating each other with sincerity and sharing a common future. We have fought shoulder to shoulder against imperialism and colonialism. We have supported each other in pursuit of development. We have always stood for justice in a changing international landscape.

"China will continue to stand firmly with our African brothers and supports an Africa that is truly independent in thinking and ideas. China will assist Africa in building capacity for self-driven development and support faster modernization in Africa.

"We hope that, like China, all sides will pay greater attention to Africa and increase input to support Africa's development.

"The next meeting of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) will be held in China this autumn. Chinese and African leaders will gather in Beijing again after six years. I believe that through this summit, China and Africa will enhance their long-standing friendship and deepen unity and collaboration to open up new vistas for faster common development and start a new chapter for a China-Africa community with a shared future."

"Anyone Trying To Use The Korean Peninsula Issue To Revive The Retrogressive Cold War Confrontation Will Be Held Accountable By History"

"The Korean Peninsula issue has been lingering for years. It has a clear root cause. That is, Cold War vestiges persist, a peace mechanism remains absent, and the security issue is yet to be fundamentally resolved. It also has a ready script. This is what China envisages as the dual-track approach and the principle of phased and synchronized actions.

"Anyone trying to use the Korean Peninsula issue to revive the retrogressive Cold War confrontation will be held accountable by history; anyone undermining regional peace and stability will pay a heavy price.

"The imperative now is to desist from acts of deterrence and applying pressure, and move out of the spiral of escalating confrontation. The fundamental solution lies in resuming dialogue and negotiation; addressing the legitimate security concerns of all parties, especially those of the DPRK; and advancing the political settlement of the Korean Peninsula issue."

"The Role Of The U.N. Should Be Strengthened"

"There is only one system in the world, i.e. the international system with the U.N. at its core; there is only one order, i.e. the international order underpinned by international law; and there is only one set of rules, i.e. the basic norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter. No country should do whatever suits it or reinvent the wheel.

"The role of the U.N. should be strengthened, not weakened, and the status of the U.N. must be upheld, not replaced.

"We will work with the international community to support the continuous development and improvement of the U.N. Taking international rule of law as the basis, fairness and justice as a principle, win-win cooperation as the goal and effective action as an orientation, we will practice true multilateralism and promote greater democracy and rule of law in international relations."

"Belt And Road Cooperation Has Produced Fruitful Outcomes"

"Since President Xi Jinping put forward the BRI more than 10 years ago, Belt and Road cooperation has produced fruitful outcomes. The BRI has become the most popular global public good and the largest platform for international cooperation. It has also become a pathway to cooperation, opportunity and prosperity for partner countries seeking joint development.

"China will work with all parties to uphold the Silk Road spirit, deliver on the outcomes of the Third Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, and usher in a second golden decade of Belt and Road cooperation.

"We will promote the upgrading of physical connectivity, the strengthening of institutional connectivity and the deepening of people-to-people connectivity. We want to make the BRI a lasting opportunity shared by all.

"The type of modernization China pursues is not one that benefits China alone. We hope that high-quality Belt and Road cooperation will serve as an engine of the common development of all countries and an accelerator for the modernization of the whole world."

"A Stronger BRICS Means Growing Force For Peace"

"A stronger BRICS means growing force for peace and increasing international support for justice. It should not be seen as a challenge.

"Independence is the distinct quality of the Global South and seeking strength through unity is its tradition. The Global South is no longer the "silent majority," but a key force for reforming the international order and a source of hope as the world undergoes profound changes unseen in a century.

"China was, is and will be a steadfast member of the Global South. We go through thick and thin and head toward a shared future together with countries of the South, and we are always a crucial force for the development and prosperity of the Global South.

"This year will be a year of harvest for Global South cooperation, and a new starting point for unity among Asian, African and Latin American countries. China looks forward to continuing to promote unity and cooperation among developing countries to augment the strength of the South and to jointly create a shining 'South moment' in global governance."

"China Has Grown Stronger"

"Practicing diplomacy for the people is a ceaseless endeavor.

"China carries out diplomacy for its people. Serving the people and meeting our compatriots' expectations is our abiding mission.

"China's stories are fascinating. They are first and foremost stories of the CPC. For over a century, the CPC has rallied and led the Chinese people in a tireless endeavor, blazing the Chinese path to modernization and creating development miracles unseen in human history. This is the leading theme of the stories about China.

"China's stories are essentially stories of the Chinese people. The people are the lead characters of China's stories. Under the leadership of the CPC, the 1.4 billion-plus Chinese people have been working tenaciously and building happy lives with their own hard work. This is the most notable chapter in China's stories.

"China's stories are also stories of common progress of China and the rest of the world. China keeps its development closely linked with that of other countries. Taking determined steps to reform and open up, China has grown stronger and brought benefits to the world. This is the most far-reaching part of China's stories.

"China's stories speak to a truth: when countries proceed from their own national conditions to explore modernization paths, they will together make up a new, colorful vista of world modernization.

"More foreign friends are welcome to join us in telling the stories of an energetic, bustling China and of China working hand in hand with other countries to build a community with a shared future for mankind."


[1], March 7, 2024.

Share this Report: