Afghan Website Reveals Sets Of Demands Shared Verbally By Taliban And Afghan Government As Part Of Intra-Afghan Talks

print
December 17, 2020

The following report is now a complimentary offering from MEMRI's Jihad and Terrorism Threat Monitor (JTTM). For JTTM subscription information, click here.

Some early details have emerged of a 28-article set of demands shared verbally by the Republic of Afghanistan with the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (the Afghan Taliban organization), which has itself shared verbally a 24-article list of demands, according to Afghan journalist Sharif Amiry.[1] Both sides appear to have agreed on these two sets of demands as a precondition to resume the intra-Afghan talks after a prolonged delay.


Afghan Taliban delegates in Doha talks

In his report, Amiry pointed out that a discussion about a ceasefire is on the top of the republic's list, while it is the last demand on the Taliban's 24-article list.[2]

Meanwhile, the Islamic Emirate has rejected Afghan President Ashraf Ghani's call for shifting the venue of the intra-Afghan talks from Doha, Qatar, to somewhere in Afghanistan. "While the Taliban are claiming that they are on Afghan soil, why aren't they holding talks on Afghan soil?" Ghani asked, adding that the Afghan government is ready to negotiate with the Taliban in any area of Afghanistan that they choose.[3]

Mohammad Nadeem Wardak, the spokesman of the Islamic Emirate's Political Office in Doha, rejected Ghani's suggestion and dubbed him a "spoiler of the peace process."[4]

The intra-Afghan talks were mandated as part of the U.S.-Taliban agreement signed in Doha on February 29, 2020. However, the Afghan government was not a party to either the agreement or the U.S.-Taliban negotiations that resulted in the agreement.[5] The intra-Afghan talks did begin but immediately ran into a deadlock.[6] The lists of over two-dozen demands now shared verbally by the two sides are supposed to resume the talks.

Following is Sharif Amiry's report, as published by ToloNews.com, giving for the first time the details of the demands shared verbally by the two sides:[7]

"The Taliban has made the following demands:

"Islamic government 
"Type of future Islamic government
"Leadership 
"Defense and security sector 
"Islamic Council 
"Constitution 
"Foreign policy
"Developing policies based on international measures and considering Islamic principles and national values 
"Independence and territorial integrity of Afghanistan
"National unity in Afghanistan 
"Commitment to national interests 
"National values 
"Education 
"Fundamental human rights 
"Ensuring compensation for widows and orphans
"Ensuring women's rights in light of Islamic principles and national traditions
"Ensuring the legitimate and principled rights of prisoners 
"Special attention to the disabled 
"Transfer and treatment of the wounded
"Prevention of drugs 
"Freedom of expression based on Islamic principles 
"Prevention of propaganda  
"Removing moral corruption and corruption in public offices 
"Permanent ceasefire 

"The demands of the Islamic Republic have been grouped in five sections: 

"First, the focus is on security, and permanent and countrywide ceasefire. 

"Second, it focuses on development in services and quality education, healthcare and agriculture, and ensuring the security of infrastructural projects.

"Third: The team has shared its demands about politics, creating a common view on the country based on Islamic values and democracy, a roadmap for political participation, international guarantees for the implementation of agreements in peace, the rights and legitimate freedoms of citizens and preserving the achievements of Afghans.

"The demands of the Republic team in detail: 

"A.   Security

"Permanent and countrywide ceasefire 
"Establishment of a mechanism for monitoring and implementation of ceasefire 
"Ensuring the safety of all routes, including highways and the prevention of any type of extortion
"Blocking illegal routes with neighboring countries
"Strengthening the national defense and security forces 
"Demilitarizing areas 
"Eradicating poppy cultivation and the processing and smuggling of drugs 
"Fighting against organized crime
"Ensuring the security of historical and Islamic sites
"Protecting natural resources and preventing their illegal use
"Ensuring the security of public installations including power networks, transportation and the property of the Muslim nation of Afghanistan.
"Expelling foreign fighters and terrorist groups and partnering in military activity to prevent the killing of the Muslim people of Afghanistan
"Putting an end to arbitrary and extra-judicial punishment 
"Preventing the stopping and targeting of individuals based on ethnicity and gender (on roadways)
"Clarity on relations with other countries

"B.  Development

"Providing the foundation for quality and countrywide public services in healthcare, education, agriculture and others. 
"Ensuring the security of infrastructural projects and providing the conditions for employment 
"Providing the conditions for the return of refugees and their accommodations. 
"Running joint programs to care for war victims and to look after the families of martyrs and the disabled.  
"Protection of Afghans' capital and making efforts to lead the country to self-reliance economically

"C.  Politics 

"Establishment of a common vision for the country based on Islamic and democratic values  Roadmap for political participation
"International guarantees for the implementation of peace agreements
"The legitimate rights and freedoms of citizens and preserving the achievements of Afghans
"Strengthening national institutions
"Fighting against any type of corruption in society and providing the conditions for good governance 
"Preserving the international commitments of Afghanistan and observing international charters

"D.  Executive mechanisms 

"For the implementation of each section, a practical mechanism should be discussed, such as a mechanism for the monitoring of ceasefire.

"E.  Finalizing peace agreement"

 

[1] ToloNews.com (Afghanistan), December 15, 2020.

[2] ToloNews.com (Afghanistan), December 15, 2020.

[3] ToloNews.com (Afghanistan), December 15, 2020.

[4] ToloNews.com (Afghanistan), December 15, 2020.

[7] ToloNews.com (Afghanistan), December 15, 2020.

The Cyber & Jihad Lab

The Cyber & Jihad Lab monitors, tracks, translates, researches, and analyzes cyber jihad originating from the Middle East, Iran, South Asia, and North and West Africa. It innovates and experiments with possible solutions for stopping cyber jihad, advancing legislation and initiatives federally – including with Capitol Hill and attorneys-general – and on the state level, to draft and enforce measures that will serve as precedents for further action. It works with leaders in business, law enforcement, academia, and families of terror victims to craft and support efforts and solutions to combat cyber jihad, and recruits, and works with technology industry leaders to craft and support efforts and solutions.

Read More