On February 13, 2019, two days after the marking of Iran's 40th Revolution Day, Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei released a statement on his website, in Farsi and English, setting out in detail his vision for the next 40 years of the Islamic Revolution. Calling it "the Second Phase of the Islamic Revolution" on the path to transforming it into "a new Islamic civilization" that will encompass all humanity, he directed his guidelines for establishing the revolution for Iran's younger generation.
The following are the main points of the statement posted by Khamenei on his website, translated from the original Farsi and taken from the original English. (For the full original English version from Khamenei's website, see Appendix.)
The Islamic Revolution Provided Humanity With "The Religion And The Material World Together, And Declared The Coming Of A New Era"
Khameini wrote: "No one presumed [i.e. ever imagined that] a major religious movement would emerge; the Islamic Revolution of Iran stepped onto the scene gloriously and mightily... It broke the frameworks... it put the religion and the material world together, and declared the coming of a new era...
"It was natural that the vanguard of deviation and oppression [i.e. the infidel superpowers] would react to this – but their reaction failed. The representatives of modernity, from the right [i.e. the capitalist West] and the left [i.e. the Communist East], whether presenting themselves as ignoring this emerging and unprecedented voice or attempting to stifle it, has only brought them closer to their inevitable doom. Today, after 40 annual celebrations of [Iran's Islamic] Revolution, one of the two centers of hostility has been destroyed [i.e. the U.S.S.R] and the other [i.e. the U.S.] is entangled in predicaments that herald its death. But the Islamic Revolution moves ahead, preserving and adhering to its mottos."
"The Global Mottos Of This Religious Revolution... Will Never Expire"
"Everything has an expiration date. But the global mottos of this religious revolution are exceptional; they will never expire, because they are involved with the essence of human nature across all eras. Freedom, morality, spirituality, justice, independence, dignity, rationality, and brotherhood do not belong to a single generation or society, rising in one period and setting in another. It is impossible to imagine a people that despises these values. If this ever happened, it was because [government] officials turned their back on these religious values...
"The Islamic Revolution is always flexible and willing to correct its mistakes, because it is a living, energetic phenomenon. But it never backs down [from its fundamental principles] and it is not passive. It is responsive to criticism, and sees [criticism] as a divine blessing and as a warning to those who are not implementing its precepts – but it never distances itself from any of its values, that are interwoven, Allah be praised, in the religious faith of the public. Since it was built, the [regime] system has not diminished, and it sees no contradiction between revolutionary dynamism and political and social order. It always defends the theory of the revolutionary regime [of Iran].
"The Islamic Republic [of Iran] is not fossilized or without emotion and understanding regarding new phenomena and realities. It is firmly committed to its principles. It is very sensitive about the borders it places between it and its rivals and enemies. It is never neglectful about [preserving] the lines that guide it. It is important to it that it knows why it must remain, and in what manner... The gap between reality and what is needed can be eliminated... and without a doubt will be vigorously eliminated in the future thanks to the presence of the young, believing, wise, and motivated generation.
"The Islamic Revolution of the Iranian nation is mighty, and also lenient and even oppressed. It has never operated in extremism or leftism – [ideologies that have] looted many other uprisings and movements. It has never fired the first shot in any battle – not even against America or Saddam [Hussein]; it has [only] defended itself after being attacked by the enemy, striking back with a triumphant blow. Since its inception, this Revolution has never been cruel or bloodthirsty; it has [also] never been passive or deterred. It stands clearly and courageously against the tyrants and dictators, and defends the oppressed and downtrodden. This revolutionary justice and might, integrity and honesty, global and regional realm of operation for the oppressed of the world is a source of pride for Iran and for Iranians – may they continue forever."
"I Would Like To Address My Dear Young People... [Who Are About] To Begin The Next Phase Of The Great Jihad For Building A Great Islamic Iran"
"Now, at the beginning of a new chapter in the life of the Islamic Republic, my insignificant self would like to address my dear young people – the generation that is about to enter the arena to begin the next phase of the Great Jihad for building a great Islamic Iran. The first section of my address concerns the past.
"My dear ones, what is not known can be attained only through personal experience, or by listening to the experience of others. Much of what we have seen and examined has not yet been seen and examined by your generation. We have seen, and you have yet to see.
"The coming decades are your decades, and you must preserve your Revolution with motivation and knowledge, and bring it ever closer to its great aspiration – the creation of a new Islamic civilization, and the preparations for the rise of the sun of the [Twelfth Imam] Mahdi...
"The enemies of the Revolution are highly motivated and are acting to distort the past and even the present, and to spread lies about them, and they are using money and all means in order to do so. There are many thieves of thought, insight, and belief. It is not possible to hear the truth from the enemy and its troops.
"The Islamic Revolution and the regime that emerged from it began from nothing. Everything was against us... we had no experience... Combining [the idea of] the republic with Islam, and the tools that created this combination and its development, were achieved only by divine guidance and by the light-filled heart and great thought of Imam [Ayatollah Ruhollah] Khomeini. This was the first brilliance of the [Islamic] Revolution.
"Then, the Revolution of the Iranian nation transformed the bipolar world of that time into a tripolar world. After that, following the fall of the Soviet Union and its satellite states, and their eradication, and the rise of new power centers, the new conflict between Islam and the Arrogance [i.e. the West, led by the U.S.] became the world's prominent phenomenon, and the global focus of attention... In this way, the path of the world changed, and the earthquake of the Revolution awakened the pharaohs from their sleep...
"The hostility [towards Iran] began with all intensity... Despite all these onerous problems, the Islamic Republic marched forward with ever greater and stronger steps. These past 40 years have witnessed great jihad, brilliant pride, and amazing developments in Islamic Iran. The magnitude of these developments... is evident only in comparison to other revolutions that took place during a similar span of time – the French Revolution, the October 1917 revolution in Russia, and the Indian Revolution...
"The Islamic Revolution placed Iran on the track of rapid advancement. For its first step, it transformed the miserable monarchical regime into a popular democratic regime, and brought into the center of the administration of the state the element of national will – which is the foundation of comprehensive and real progress. Then, it turned the young people into the leaders of the main events, and brought them into key roles in the administration [of the state]. It conveyed to all the spirit and belief of 'yes we can,' and by virtue of the enemies' sanctions, taught everyone to rely on domestic capabilities...
"The fruit of the efforts over the past 40 years is before our eyes: a country and a nation – independent, free, and mighty; respected, religious, advanced in science, full of valuable experience, imbued with confidence and hope, influential in the region and with strong stances on global affairs, with rapid, record-breaking scientific advancement... in the areas of nuclear [science], stem cell science, nanotechnology, aerospace science, and so on... Know that had there not been disregard of the slogans of the Revolution and of the revolutionary movement at several pivotal points in time during these past 40 years – which unfortunately happened, and which caused damage – the achievements of the Revolution would have been even greater, and many of today's problems would not exist.
"Today, mighty Iran faces challenges by the Arrogance [the West, led by the U.S.], as it did at the dawn of the Revolution, but with a significant difference: If the challenge against America then concerned tying the hands of the foreign agents [in Iran], or closing the embassy of the Zionist regime in Tehran, or exposing the [American] spy nest [the term used to refer to the U.S. Embassy in Tehran] – the challenge today concerns the presence of mighty Iran at the borders of the Zionist regime, and the expulsion of America's illegitimate presence from the Middle East, and the support of the Islamic Republic [of Iran] for the struggle of the Palestinian jihad fighters in the heart of the occupied territories [i.e. Israel], and the defense of the flying flag of Hizbullah and of the [Islamic] resistance across this region.
"And if the West's problem then was to prevent Iran from acquiring the most primitive weapons, the West's problem today is to prevent the transfer of advanced Iranian weapons to the resistance forces [in the region]...
"One of the important points on which [the young people] who are building the future must focus is that they are living in a land that is exceptional in terms of its natural and human potential. Most of these capabilities have so far been untapped, or tapped only slightly, and this is because of negligence on the part of those doing the work [in Iran]...
"The most important and promising potential in the country is its talented manpower, which is deeply based on faith and religion... [Iran's] 36 million [young people] aged 15-40, of whom 14 million have higher education, [and its] many, many young people who grew up with the revolutionary spirit and morale and are ready to try for the sake of the country and in the jihadi effort... [are a resource] to which no material resource can be compared..."
Khamenei's Advice To Young Iranians: "Go Beyond The Current Frontiers Of Science In The Most Important Fields"
"My dear children, I have several recommendations for you on important, fundamental issues..."
"1. Science and Research: Science is the most obvious means for a country to attain respect and might. The other face of science is capability... We do not recommend using science for evil, like the West has, but we are definitely emphasizing [the need] to create sources of science and knowledge within us... We still lag far behind the global heights of science, and must reach the peaks. I would like to tell you that the path for us so far, for all its importance, is only beginning. We must go beyond the current frontiers of science in the most important fields. We are still far from this stage, because we began from nothing...
"At the moment, we have begun to advance, and our progress is accelerating, but this acceleration must continue for many years, until we close the gap. My demand of you young people is to follow this path [of scientific achievement] with increased responsibility, like waging jihad. The foundation stones of the scientific revolution have already been laid in this country, and this [scientific] revolution has [already] offered martyrs, such as the martyred nuclear scientists. [So] rise up and disappoint the evil, spiteful enemy who very much fears your scientific jihad.
"2. Morality and Spirituality: The more spiritual understanding and moral conscience grow in society, the more they yield blessed fruit. [In order to reach] this, there is undoubtedly a need for jihad and effort. This jihad and this effort will not succeed without the help of the authorities. However, spirituality and morality cannot be attained by orders [alone], and therefore the authorities will not be able to create them by force; they themselves must first behave morally and spiritually and only then can they prepare the infrastructure of society to spread [these values]. That is, the authorities must help social organizations in this matter; they must intelligently fight the anti-spirituality and anti-morality centers, and, in short, must not allow the sons of Hell to forcibly transform the public and tempt them to become like themselves.
"The advanced and mass means of communication offer a very dangerous option for agents of anti-spirituality and anti-morality centers. We see today with our own eyes the enemies' increasing attack on the pure hearts of the young people and children that is being carried out via these means. The relevant government organizations have a weighty obligation in this matter, and they must act wisely and responsibility...
"3. Economy: The economy is key, and a defining matter. A strong economy is a strong point and a vital element against the [influence of foreign] regimes on the country. A weak economy is a weak point and lays the infrastructure for enemy influence and control. But the economy is not the aim of an Islamic society – it is a means without which the aim cannot be achieved... The solution to the problems of [Iran's] economy is a policy of 'resistance economy,' and operational plans must be put in place for all parts of it that must be implemented [by the regime] forcefully, responsibly, and energetically.
"4. Justice and Fighting Corruption: These two issues are intertwined. Economic, moral, and political corruption are an infected tumor in states and regimes. If they are found in the regime structure, it is a destructive earthquake [that will strike at] its legitimacy. A regime like the Islamic Republic has a more serious and fundamental need for justice and for fighting corruption [than other regimes do] because it requires legitimacy beyond [regimes'] traditional legitimacy – one that is more deeply rooted than is usual in society.
"The danger of an outbreak of this threat is not distant even in the Islamic Republic [of Iran]... It requires an experienced organization with a penetrating gaze and a decisive approach, that will be omnipresent in the three authorities [i.e. branches of government] and will truly fight corruption, particularly within the regime organizations... Allah be praised, the officials of this regime generally maintain their purity and integrity, but even the slightest bit [of corruption] is unacceptable. Everyone must know that economic integrity is a condition for the legitimacy of everyone in the upper echelon of the Islamic Republic...
"5. Independence and Freedom: National independence means that the nation and the regime are not subject to the bullying and domineering of the world superpowers. Social freedom means that every member of society has the right to decide, act, and think... Obviously, the meaning of 'independence' does not include the state's policy and economy within its borders, and 'freedom' does not need to be against divine morality, laws and values, and the rights of the public.
"6. National Dignity, Foreign Relations, Setting Boundaries Against The Enemy: All these are branches of the principle of 'dignity, wisdom, and interests' in international relations. The global arena today is witness to phenomena that have come into being, or are about to emerge, such as: the new dynamism of the Islamic Awakening Movement that is based on the model of resistance against the rule of America and Zionism, the failure of the American policy in the Middle East, the thwarting of their treacherous collaborators in the region, and the expansion of the mighty presence of the Islamic Republic in the Middle East and the broad reflection of this presence throughout the world of the Arrogance. All these are part of the displays of dignity by the Islamic Republic, and without the courage and wisdom of the jihadi administrators they would not have come about.
"In addition to the criminal America, the Iranian nation today sees several European countries as deceptive and unreliable. The Islamic Republic of Iran must carefully preserve the boundaries between it and them. It will not withdraw a single step from its revolutionary and national values; it will not fear their empty threats, and it will take into account the dignity of the [Iranian] state and nation. Likewise, the Islamic Republic must resolve its problems with them with a revolutionary, wise, and interest-based approach, and they are resolvable in this way. With regard to America, it is impossible to imagine that [Iran's] problems with it can be solved, and negotiating with it [will bring] nothing but material and spiritual damage.
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"7. Lifestyle: The West's effort to spread a Western lifestyle in Iran has caused our country and our nation irreparable moral, economic, religious, and political damage. [Therefore,] this struggle against the West's efforts demands comprehensive and intelligent jihad, and here too we are pinning our hopes on you, the young people..."
Appendix: "On the Occasion of the Fortieth Anniversary of the Victory of the Islamic Revolution – February 11, 2019"
In the Name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and greetings be upon our Master and Prophet, Ab-al-Qassem Al-Mustafa Muhammad, upon his pure and immaculate household, upon his chosen companions and upon those who follow them in charity until the Day of Judgment
Among all the nations suffering from oppression, few make an effort to launch a revolution; and among those nations that have risen and launched a revolution, few have been witnessed to have pursued it to the end, or moved beyond merely changing the government and safeguarded their revolutionary values. However, the auspicious Revolution of the Iranian nation—which is the greatest and most popular revolution of the contemporary era—is the sole revolution that has persisted forty years of pride, saved from betrayal to its values, and it has preserved its dignity and original slogans against all the temptations which seemed irresistible; hence, entering the second phase of self-development, society-processing and civilization-building. Heartfelt salutations to this nation, the generation who initiated and continued [the movement] and the generation that currently steps into the magnificent and global phenomenon of the second forty years!
The day when the world was divided into the material West and East, and no one presumed a major religious movement would emerge, the Islamic revolution of Iran stepped into the scene gloriously and mightily; it broke the frameworks; it flaunted to the world the outdatedness of the clichés; it put the religion and the material world together, and declared the coming of a new era. It was much expected that the leaders of deviation and oppression would react—but in vain. Whatever the right and left modernity did— from pretending to ignore this emerging and unprecedented voice to extensive efforts for suffocating it— just brought them closer to their indispensable demise. Today, after forty annual celebrations of the victory of the Revolution and forty Fajr ten-days, one of the two centers of animosity has already perished, and the second one is struggling with predicaments that signal its death in the near future. Whereas, the Islamic Revolution is advancing while preserving and adhering to its mottos.
It is possible to assume an expiry date for anything, yet, the global mottos of this religious revolution are exceptional; they will never expire, because they match human nature in all eras. Freedom, ethics, spirituality, justice, independence, dignity, rationality, brotherhood, are not limited to a single generation or society so that they would rise in a period and decline in the next. It is impossible to imagine a people who despise these values. The reported cases of reluctance to these values were due to the officials who had shrunken from these religious values; and not due to their adherence to them and endeavors for achieving them.
The Islamic revolution—like a living and unwavering phenomenon—is always flexible and ready to correct its mistakes, but it is not revisionary or passive. It is positively sensitive to criticisms; it regards them as a divine blessing as well as a warning to those who do not act upon their words; yet it, by no means, takes distance from its values, which are blended with the religious faith of the people, thanks be to God. Since the establishment of the system, the Islamic revolution has never suffered from, and will never suffer from stagnation and recession, and it does not see any conflict and contradiction between revolutionary dynamism and political and social order; rather, it eternally defends the theory of the revolutionary system.
The Islamic Republic is not reactionary and it does not lack perception and understanding in face of new phenomena and situations; however, it strongly adheres to its principles and it is highly sensitive to its frontiers in relation to its rivals and enemies. It never imprecisely regards its principal lines and considers it important as why and how it would persist. Undoubtedly, the gap between the musts and the realities has always tormented the idealist consciences; however, this gap is fillable, and in the past forty years it has been filled in many cases, and certainly in the future, with the presence of a young, faithful, wise and motivated generation, it will be filled more vigorously.
The Islamic Revolution of the Iranian nation has been mighty, but merciful; forgiving and even oppressed. It has not committed any of extremist and deviated acts that have marked many other uprisings and movements with stigma. In no conflicts—not even against the United States or Saddam Hussein—did it ever shoot the first bullet and, in all cases, it defended itself after the enemy's attack; of course, it blew the defensive strike vigorously. Since its inception, this Revolution has never been merciless nor has it ever shed blood; it has neither been passive nor hesitant. Standing assertively and courageously against bullies and thugs, it has defended the oppressed. This revolutionary bravery and gallantry, this honesty, assertiveness, and sovereignty; this global and regional realm of action in support of the oppressed of the world represent a source of pride for Iran and the Iranians, and may it persist eternally!
Now, at the beginning of a new chapter in the life of the Islamic Republic, I would like to address my dear young people: the generation who steps up to start another part of the Great Jihad [selfless endeavor] for building a great Islamic Iran. The first section of my address concerns the past.
Dear ones! You cannot learn but from your own experience or listening to the experiences of others. Many of what we have seen and experimented, your generation has not experienced and seen yet. We have seen and you will see. The decades ahead are your decades, and it is you who should protect your revolution while you are qualified and full of motivation, and move it closer to its great ideal: that is, the emergence of a new Islamic civilization and the preparation for the rising of the great sun of wilayat (may our souls be sacrificed for him) [Imam Mahdi (a.s.)]. To take steady steps in the future, we need to develop a good knowledge of the past and learn from the experiences. If this strategy is neglected, lies will replace the truth, and the future will be menaced by unknown threats. The adversaries of the revolution are strongly motivated in their efforts to spread distortions and lies about the past and even the present, exploiting money and all the necessary tools for it. The bandits of thought, creed and awareness are ample; the truth cannot be heard from the enemy and its troops.
The Islamic Revolution and the establishment that rose from it started from scratch. Firstly, everything was against us: the corrupt regime of Taghut [Pahlavi tyranny]—which, in addition to its dependence and corruption, tyranny and being coup-based—was the first royal regime in Iran that was brought to power by the foreigners rather than by the force of sword; the government of the United States and some other Western governments; or the extremely chaotic situation inside Iran; and the shameful backwardness in science and technology, politics, spirituality, and any other virtue.
Secondly, there was no precedent experience before us and the path ahead of us had not been walked. Obviously, Marxist uprisings and the like could not represent a role model for a revolution that emerged from the heart of Islamic faith and knowledge. Islamic revolutionaries began without an example and experience, and the combination of a republic and Islam and the means for the formation and progress of it were not achieved except through the divine guidance as well as the luminous heart and the great thought of Imam Khomeini. And this marked the first brilliance of the Revolution.
Then, the revolution of the Iranian nation transformed the bipolar world of that day into a three polar world, and then, with the fall and disappearance of the Soviet Union and its allies and the emergence of new poles of power, the new dichotomy of “Islam and the Arrogant Front” became a prominent phenomenon of the contemporary world and the focal point that is attracting the world’s attention. On the one hand, the aspirated look of the oppressed nations, freedom-seeking movements and some independence-seeking states of the world fixated on it; and on the other hand, it was screened by resentful and malicious eyes of the world’s bullying regimes and blackmailer thugs. Such, the world adopted a different orientation, and the seismic power of the Revolution shook the untroubled pharaohs. Hostilities began with all intensity; if it was not due to the magnificent power of the faith and the motivation of this nation and the heavenly and endorsed leadership of our imminent Imam, it was impossible to resist the hostility, conspiracy, and vice [directed at us].
In spite of all these onerous problems, the Islamic Republic took greater and stronger steps day after day. The past 40 years exhibited great jihads, brilliant achievements and amazing advances for Islamic Iran. The magnitude of the progress made by the Iranian nation in the last forty years is well-recognized when compared to similar spans following other major revolutions such as the French Revolution, the October Revolution of the Soviet Union and the Indian Revolution. The jihadi management strategies inspired by Islamic faith and the belief in the principle of "we can do it"—that Imam Khomeini (r.a.) had taught us all—assisted Iran in its achievement of dignity and progress on various areas.
The revolution put an end to a long historical decadence, and the country, which was severely humiliated and utterly retrograded during the Pahlavi and Qajar dynasties, started to progress rapidly. In its first step, the revolution turned the disgraceful regime of the tyrannical monarchy into a popular and democratic state, and employed the element of national determination—which is the essence of comprehensive and genuine progress—to the heart of the country's governance; then, it turned the youth into the main forerunners of the developments and the key players in the management of the country. It conveyed the "we can do it" spirit and belief to everyone; thanks to the enemies’ sanctions, it taught everyone to rely on domestic capacities, and this unfolded a source of great blessings:
Firstly: It guaranteed the stability and security of the country; the territorial integrity and the protection of the borders—which were targeted by the enemy's serious threats—and gave rise to the miracle of victory in the eight-year war, leading to the defeat of the Ba'athist regime, and its American, European and Eastern supporters.
Secondly: It acted as the country's engine in developing the field of science and technology, and in creating the vital, economic and constructional infrastructures which continue to grow more prevalent day by day: several thousands of knowledge enterprises; several thousands of infrastructure and necessary projects for the country in the areas of civil engineering and transportation, industry, power, mining, health care, agriculture and water; millions of university graduates or students; thousands of colleges and universities throughout the country; dozens of big projects, such as the nuclear fuel cycle, stem cells, nanotechnology, biotechnology, etc., all ranking among the top of the world; developing sixty times more non-oil exports and nearly ten times more industrial units. The quality of the industrial sector advanced tens of times more than before; the industry that only relied on assembling and montage was transformed into domestic technology; in various engineering disciplines including the defense industries visible prominence was observed; achievements were made in the critical fields of medicine and the position of authority in it; and dozens of other examples of progress are the outcomes of that morale as well as the social involvement and the collective feeling that the Revolution granted to the country. Before the revolution, Iran had zero production of science and technology; it had no capability in the industry except for assembling and no ability in science except for translation [of other works].
Thirdly: The Revolution has elevated to a culmination the popular participation in political matters such as elections, confronting internal seditions, turnout in national arenas and scenes involving the fight against the Arrogant Front. Regarding social matters, it boosted, for instance, humanitarian aids and engaging in charity activities that had begun before the Revolution. After the revolution, people eagerly partake in service-providing to those affected by natural disasters and social shortcomings.
Fourthly: It astonishingly enhanced the political acumen of the people and their view of international issues. The Revolution expanded beyond the limited number of isolation-seeking elites—often known as the enlightened—the political analysis and understanding of international issues on the matters such as crimes by the West and particularly the United States; the Palestinian cause and the historical oppression of the Palestinian nation; the issue of bullying powers’ warmongering attitudes, vices, intrusions in other nations’ affairs and the like. This type of intellectualism became widespread and available to the masses throughout the country and in all areas of life, and similar matters have become understandable and clear even for teenagers and children.
Fifthly: It distributed the country's public facilities in a manner closer to justice. If I —this very humble person—am not satisfied with the functioning of justice in the country, it is due to the fact that this lofty value should shine like a unique gem on the Islamic Republic, but it has not yet. However, my dissatisfaction should not be taken to mean that no work has been done for the establishment of justice. The reality is that the achievements made in combating injustice over the past four decades are not comparable to any other era in the past. During the regime of Taghut [tyrannical dynasties], most of the services and revenues of the country were available only to a small group of the residents of the capital city or their counterparts in other parts of the country. The people in most cities, especially in remote areas and villages, were at the end of the list and often deprived of basic infrastructure and services.
The Islamic Republic has been one of the world's most successful governments in relocating its services and wealth from the center to all parts of the country, and from the affluent areas of the cities to the poor neighborhoods. The great statistics on building roads and housing construction; the establishment of industrial centers; the reformation of agricultural matters; distribution of electricity, water as well as building medical centers, universities, dams, and power plants and the like even to the most remote areas of the country, truly makes us proud. Certainly, all these efforts were neither reflected in the inefficient propagations of the officials of the Islamic Republic nor did the foreign and domestic malevolent enemies confess it. Yet, it is there and remains as good deeds of jihadi, sincere managers before God and for the sake of the people. Nevertheless, the notion of justice as expected by the Islamic Republic—that seeks to follow the role model of the government founded by Imam Ali (a.s.)—is far superior to that, and I look forward to seeing you, the young people, realizing it.
Sixthly: It significantly enhanced the level of spirituality and ethics in the public sphere of society. This auspicious phenomenon was particularly promoted due to Imam Khomeini’s manners during the period of the fights leading to, as well as after, the victory of the Revolution. That spiritual man and the mystic pure of material enticements headed a country the foundation of whose people’s beliefs were deeply rooted. Although the propaganda promoting corruption and immorality during the Pahlavi era had stricken hard blows to the nation and had dragged the Western moral corruption into the lives of middle-class people—particularly the youth—, the religious and ethical approach of the Islamic Republic attracted the bright and apt hearts, especially those of the young individuals, and the ambiance changed in the interest of religion and morality.
Strives by the young individuals in the face of hardships, including the Sacred Defense [against US-backed Saddam invasion of Iran], were accompanied by prayers and spirit of brotherhood and sacrifice, and reminiscent of the events that unfolded during the early history of Islam, exhibiting them live and vivid before everyone’s eyes. Fathers, mothers, and wives bid farewells to their loved ones who set off for various fronts of jihad, motivated by a sense of religious duty; then, once they encountered their blood-soaked or wounded bodies, they accepted the calamity while they were grateful to God. Mosques and religious spaces became unprecedentedly busy. Several thousands of young individuals, university students and professors, women and men were in the waiting list for performing I’tikaf. Several thousands of young volunteers were eager to join Jihadi [volunteering] camps, construction jihad, and the construction mobilization forces. Prayers and Hajj pilgrimage, fasting and pilgrim walks and various religious ceremonies along with obligatory and non-obligatory donations flourished everywhere, especially among young people. To this day, this has become better in quality and larger in quantity. This has all happened at a time when the increasing moral decline of the West and its followers as well as their massive propaganda to drive men and women into corruption, has isolated morality and spirituality in the major parts of the world: this represents another miracle of the Revolution and the active and forward-looking Islamic system.
Seventhly: The magnificent and glorious epitome of rising up against the bullies, thugs and arrogant powers of the world—led by the criminal and warmongering U.S.A.—grew more prominent day after day. During all these forty years, Iran and the Iranians—particularly the youth of this land—have been known as never surrendering and always safeguarding the Revolution, its divine magnificence and its pride against arrogant, haughty states. The hegemonic powers of the world—that have lived on trespassing the independence of other countries and plundering their vital interests in order to fulfill their evil intentions—have confessed to their weakness in the face of the Islamic and Revolutionary Iran. In the lively ambiance of the Revolution, the Iranian nation managed to first expel the puppets of the United States, the agents who betrayed the nation, and since then, the Iranian nation has vigorously prevented any domination over the country by bullying powers.
Dear young individuals! These are only a limited number of the major headlines in the forty-year history of the Islamic Revolution: the splendid, enduring and brilliant revolution that you, by God’s Grace, should take the second big step towards advancing it.
The fruit of the efforts made during the past forty years is before our eyes: an independent country and nation; free; powerful; dignified; faithful; advanced in science; full of valuable experiences; confident and hopeful; with essential impact on the region and a strong logic on global issues; with records in the growth rate of scientific advances, and in earning high ranks in important sciences and technology such as nuclear science, stem cells, nanoscience, aerospace and so forth; leading in expanding social services; excelling in promoting jihadi [volunteering] motivations among young people; leading in having an efficient young population and many other honor-winning features which are all the products of the Revolution and the result of taking the revolutionary and jihadi direction. You should know that if ignorance of the Revolution’s mottos and negligence of the Revolutionary movement had not occurred in some periods during the forty-year history of the Revolution—which unfortunately existed and were extremely detrimental—the Revolution’s accomplishments would have gone far beyond what we witness today and the country would have been far ahead on the path towards the great ideals and many of the current problems would not have existed today.
Today, just like the first days after the Revolution, sovereign Iran faces challenges from the imperialists, arrogant powers; yet, there is a meaningful difference. If the challenges posed by the United States those days involved ending the intrusion by foreign agents or closing down the embassy of the Zionist regime in Tehran, or exposing the spy den [the former US embassy in Tehran], today, the challenges concern Iran’s strong presence near the borders of the Zionist regime, putting an end to the United States’ unlawful infiltration in the West Asia, the Islamic Republic’s support for the Palestinian people’s resistance at the heart of the Occupied Territories as well as defending the high flying flag of Hezbollah and the resistance throughout this region. If then the West’s concern was to prevent Iran from buying basic weaponry, today, their concern is to prevent the transfer of advanced Iranian weapons to the Resistance forces. If on those days, the United States presumed that the Islamic government and the Iranian nation could be vanquished with the help of a few Iranian sellouts and a small number of aircrafts and helicopters, today they feel they need a coalition of tens of hostile or daunted states to counter Iran on the political and security fronts; and yet, they fail. Thanks to the revolution, Iran today stands out at an elevated position, one that the Iranian nation deserves to enjoy in front of the world; and Iran has already passed the challenging twists on the path of resolving its fundamental issues.
However, the trail traveled so far is merely a portion of the glorious path towards the exalted ideals of the Islamic Republic. The continuation of this path—which is most probably not as demanding as the past—must be traveled with the willpower, vigilance, swiftness, and innovation of you, the young ones. Young managers, young executives, young thinkers, young activists in every field—ranging from politics, economy, culture, international relations, to religion, ethics, morality, and justice—should shoulder the responsibilities by making use of the experiences and the lessons learned in the past, applying the revolutionary view and the spirit of jihadi actions in order to build our dear Iran as a comprehensive model of an advanced Islamic government.
An important point that needs to be considered by those who build the future is that we are living in a country which is distinctive in terms of natural and human resources. Yet, many of these resources have been left untapped or only slightly exploited due to negligence by the officials. Great endeavors, as well as revolutionary and youthful motivations, will be able to activate them, marking a real leap forward in the country’s material and moral progress.
The most important aspiring potential in the country is the potential and proficient human resource that enjoys a deep, noble foundation of faith and religion. The young population under 40—an important part of which is the result of a birth boom in the 80’s—represents a valuable prospect for the country. Enjoying a population of 36 million people aged between 15 and 40; nearly 14 million people with higher education degrees; ranking the second in the world by the number of science and engineering graduates; numerous young individuals brought up with a revolutionary spirit and ready to work for the sake of God and for the love of their country; and large numbers of intellectual and investigating young individuals who are in the job of creating scientific, cultural, industrial and other types of products, add up to the enormous wealth of the country that cannot be compared to any material reserves.
In addition to the aforementioned assets, there is a long list of material opportunities for the country that can be activated and exploited by efficient, motivated and intelligent managers in order to significantly increase domestic production and make the country self-sufficient, wealthy and truly self-reliant, hence overcoming the current problems. Iran makes up 1% of the world population, however, it possesses 7% of the global natural resources: massive underground resources; special geographical position between the East and the West the North and the South; a major national market; vast regional market including 15 neighbors that constitute a population of 600 million; long coastal borders; fertile lands with a great variety of agricultural products; and vast and versatile economy are only some of the countries’ potentials. Many potentials have been left untapped. It is said that Iran has the first place in the world in terms of unexploited natural and human resources. Without a doubt, you the faithful and active young ones can amend this great shortcoming. The second decade of the outlook must be dedicated to making use of the previous accomplishments and unexploited potentials, and the country’s growth must be enhanced in different sectors including production and national economy.
Now, I would like to offer you my dear sons and daughters, some pieces of advice regarding a few essential topics. These topics include science and research; spirituality and morals; economy; justice and the fight against corruption; independence and liberty; national dignity, international relations, borderlines with the enemy, and lifestyle.
However, prior to any anything, my first advice concerns hopefulness and observing an optimistic outlook of the future. Without this fundamental key to any deadlock, not even one step can be taken forward. What I am referring to is authentic hope based on evident realities. I have always avoided false and deceiving hopefulness, but I have also warned myself and others against unfounded pessimism and false fear. During these past 40 years, and today as ever, the enemy’s propaganda and communication policy, as well as its most active programs, have revolved around making people and even our officials and statesmen lose their hope in the future. False news, biased analysis, reversing facts, concealing the hopeful aspects, amplifying small problems and berating or denying great advantages, have been constantly on the agenda of thousands of audio-visual and internet-based media by the enemies of the Iranian. And of course, their followers inside the country can be seen using the freedoms to work in the service of the enemy. You, the young individuals, must be the forerunners of breaking the siege of such propaganda. Grow the plant of hope for the future in yourself and those around you. Drive fear and disappointment away from yourself and others. This is your first and most fundamental Jihad to make. Signs of hope—some of which were mentioned—are before your eyes. The growth of the admirers of the Revolution has been far greater than that of outgoing fans, and loyal and helping hands and hearts are far more numerous than the corrupts, the traitors, and the greedy. The world has high regard and respect for the Iranian youth, Iranian’s perseverance and ingenuity in many fields. Value yourself, and with the strength given by God, ascend towards the future and create epics.
As for the advice:
1) Science and research: science, is the most obvious instrument of dignity and power for a country. The other face of knowledge is ability. The west brought about 200 years of wealth, influence, and power for itself thanks to their advances in science, and despite their weak moral and ideological foundations, they could dominate societies left behind from the train of science, politics, and economy by imposing western lifestyle on them. We are not calling for the abuse of science like what the West did; however, we insist on the country’s need to flow the fountains of science among ourselves. Thank God, our nation’s talent in acquiring science and research is higher than the world’s average. The scientific uprising in the country that started almost two decades ago has been going on with a speed surprising for global observers, i.e. 11 times faster than the average pace of the world’s scientific growth.
Our achievements in science and technology—that have put us in the 16th place among more than 200 countries in the world, have surprised world observers and in some sensitive and new fields has promoted us to the first ranks—happened while the country was under financial and scientific sanctions. In spite of having to swim against the tide made by the enemy, we have made great records, and this is a great blessing, for which one needs to thank God day and night.
However, the point I am making is that this traveled path, despite its importance, has just been the beginning and nothing more than. We are still far behind the summits of the world’s science. We need to reach the summits. We need to go beyond the current frontiers of science in the most important fields. We are still far behind from this stage. We started from scratch. The shameful scientific retrogression during the Pahlavi, and the Qajar—when the world had just started its scientific race—dealt us a heavy blow, keeping us miles behind this fast-moving train.
We have started the movement now and are going forward at full speed. But this fast-forward movements needs to preserve momentum for years to come, so that it can compensate for the regression. I have always warmly and firmly advised and warned and called upon the universities, the academics, the research centers and the researchers about this. However, now, I am asking all of you, the young individuals, to follow on this track with more sense of responsibility, considering it a Jihad. The foundation stone of a scientific revolution in the country has been laid, and this revolution has offered martyrs, including the martyred nuclear scientists, too. Rise up to defeat the malicious, spiteful enemy who strongly fears your scientific Jihad.
2) Spirituality and morals: Spirituality means emphasizing on spiritual values, such as sincerity, sacrifice, reliance on God, and faith in yourself and the society. Morals entail observing virtues such as benevolence, forgiveness, assisting the needy, truthfulness, courage, humbleness, self-confidence, and other good characteristics. Spirituality and morals guide every movement, individuals and social activities and represent the main need of the society. Their existence makes life a paradise even in spite of material shortages, whereas their lack, even while materially rich, creates a hell.
The growth of spiritual perception and moral conscience in society brings about more blessings. This indeed requires Jihad and effort, and this Jihad and effort will not succeed much without the help of governments. Spirituality and morals, certainly will not be acquired through decrees and orders; hence, governments cannot create it using coercive force. However, primarily, they themselves need to observe moral and spiritual behavior. Secondly, they need to prepare the ground for the spread of those virtues in society and assist and provide a realm of influence to the social organizations in this regard. They need to fight in a rational manner against centers of anti-spirituality and anti-morality and prevent the evil ones from pulling others down with them by force or deception.
Advanced and pervasive means of communication have provided centers of anti-spirituality and anti-morality with a very dangerous facility, and now we are witnessing the enemies’ ever-increasing assault on the pure hearts of the youth, teenagers, and even children by employing these means. Liable government entities have great responsibilities in this regard that have to be taken up wisely and thoroughly responsibly. Of course, this does not mean that non-governmental individuals and organizations have no responsibility. God willing, in the era ahead, overwhelming short and medium-term plans need to be devised and implemented about this matter.
3) Economy: Economy is a key defining point. A strong economy is the strong point and the important factor in blocking domination and infiltration; while a weak economy is the Achilles heel that prepares the ground for infiltration, domination, and intrusion by the enemies. Poverty and affluence affect the materialistic and spiritual aspects of human beings. Economy, of course, is not an ideal of the Islamic society. Rather, it is a means without which one would not be able to fulfill the ideals. Insistence on reinforcing the country’s independent economy that is based on mass and quality production, justice-based distribution, reasonable and waste-free consumption, and wise managerial relations—which I have repeatedly insisted upon time and again in recent years—are due to the incredible impact economy can have on the society’s current and future life.
The Islamic Revolution showed us the way out of the weak, dependent and corrupt economy of the Pahlavi era. However, feeble performances have posed internal and external challenges to the country’s economy. The external challenges include the enemy’s sanctions and temptations that would be rendered less effective or even ineffective if the internal challenges are resolved. The internal challenges consist of structural defects and managerial weaknesses.
The main defects include economic reliance on oil; government interference in sectors of the economy that do not fit into the sphere of government’s responsibilities; relying on imports rather than domestic strength and potentials; very limited exploitation of the country’s human resources potentials; defective and unbalanced budgeting; and finally lack of consistency in executive economic policies, disrespecting priorities and excessive and even wasteful expenses in parts of state organizations. The result is problems in people’s livelihoods including the high rate of unemployment among the youth, low income of lower classes, etc.
The solution to these problems lies in the strong, responsible and lively implementation of the policies delineated by the Economy of Resistance that need to be outlined, followed up and acted upon by administrations. The country’s economic intra-production, becoming productive and knowledge-based, making the economy popular, avoiding authoritarian government oversight, and extroversion using aforementioned potentials are among important examples of these solutions. A young, wise, faithful and knowledgeable committee of economy experts inside the government can undoubtedly accomplish these aims. The times ahead must be employed for action by the committee.
The beloved young individuals across the nation should know that all solutions lie within the country. Assuming that ‘economic problems are merely the result of sanctions and sanctions are because of resistance against imperialism and not submitting to the enemy, so the solution is to kneel before the enemy and kiss the wolf’s paw’ is an unforgivable mistake. This completely false analysis—although sometimes emitted from the mouths and pens of some ignorant individuals inside the country—has its roots in foreign think tanks and conspirers who intend to induce them in policy makers, decision makers, and the general public inside the country.
4) Justice and fight against corruption: These two virtues necessitate each other. Economic, moral, and political corruption are like tumors in the body of countries and governments; if found in the body of a system of governance, they would constitute a devastating quake and a heavy blow to their legitimacy. And for an establishment like the Islamic Republic—that requires beyond the common legitimacy and social acceptance—, this is far more serious and fundamental than for any other systems. The temptations of wealth, power and rank weakened some, even in the most resembling of all governments to Imam Ali’s governance; i.e. Amir Al-Mu’minin’s own government. Thus, the hazard posed by the emergence of such a threat in the Islamic Republic—whose officials once competed with each other in Revolutionary piety, and in maintaining a simple lifestyle—has never been and still is not far from probable. This makes the constant presence of an efficient organization, with sharp eyes and decisive actions within the three branches of powers (executive, legislature, judiciary) necessary, in order to truly fight corruption, especially in governmental bodies.
Of course, the proportion of corrupt individuals among the officials of the Islamic Republic is much smaller than that of many other countries, and particularly to that of the Pahlavi regime—which was totally corrupt and encouraged corruption—and thanks be to God, the agents of this system have mostly stayed clean from it; however, even the slightest corruption is unacceptable. Everyone must know that economic transparency is the precondition for the legitimacy for all officials of the Islamic Republic. Everybody must beware of the evil of greed, and avoid illegitimate earnings, and supplicate to God to help them in this regard.
Supervising and governmental organizations must prevent corruption from being conceived and fight its spread with sincerity and sensitivity. This fight needs faithful men ready for Jihad, who are dignified and have pure [financial] records and bright hearts. This fight is an effective part of an all-around effort that the Islamic Republic must put in to establish justice.
Justice has been among the primary ideals pursued by all prophets, and in the Islamic Republic, it has equal status and value. This is a sacred word for all times and in all lands and would not be completely established unless under the governance of Imam Mahdi (may our spirits be sacrificed for him). However, it is relatively always and everywhere possible, and it is a duty to be carried out by anyone, especially the rulers and the powerful. The Islamic Republic has taken major steps in this way, examples of which have been briefly mentioned above. Of course, more works need to be done to explain and describe the efforts made in this regard, and the conspiracy by the enemies of the Revolution aimed at twisting the reality, or at least remaining silent and concealing [the truth] must be nullified.
Regardless, I am clearly telling the beloved young people that the future of the country awaits, that what has been done until now stands at a huge distance from what must have been done. In the Islamic Republic, the official’s hearts must constantly beat for eliminating the deprivations and they must be seriously fearful of deep class struggles. In the Islamic Republic, not only seeking wealth is not a crime, it is actually encouraged. However, discrimination in the distribution of public resources and granting special privileges, and tolerating economic cheaters—all of which result in injustice—are strictly forbidden. Moreover, ignoring classes in need of support is never acceptable.
These words have been frequently repeated in the form of policies and laws, but for a proper implementation, we place our hope in the young people [to do it]; and if the leadership of the various sectors of the country is entrusted to young, revolutionary, wise and competent young people—who are not few in numbers, thanks be to God—this hope will be fulfilled; God willing.
5) Independence and Freedom: National Independence means the freedom of the nation and the state from the imposition and bullying of the domineering powers of the world. And social freedom means the right for every member of the society to decide, act and think; both of which are Islamic values; they are divine gifts bestowed upon humans, and none of them is a gift to be offered to the people by the state.
Governments are obliged to provide the two abovementioned rights. The importance of freedom and independence is well-known by those who have fought for it. The Iranian nation is among them, thanks to the forty-year jihad. The current independence and freedom of the Islamic Iran were achieved by the blood of hundreds of thousands of honorable, brave and self-sacrificing human beings; often young, but all in the high ranks of humanity. This fruit of the pure tree of the Revolution cannot be put at risk by naive and sometimes biased justifications. All, especially the government of the Islamic Republic, are obligated to do their utmost to protect it. Obviously, "independence" should not be defined as the confinement of the politics and the economy of the country within its borders, and "freedom" should not be defined in opposition to divine ethics, law, values and public rights.
6) National dignity, foreign relations, defining borderlines in relations with the enemy: The three are branches of the principle of "dignity, wisdom, and expediency" in international relations. The global scene today witnesses a phenomena that are unfolding or will unfold in the near future: the new dynamism of the Islamic Awakening Movement based on the model of resistance to the U.S. and Zionists’ domination; the failure of US policies in the West Asian region and the defeat of their traitorous allies in the region; the expansion of the powerful political presence of the Islamic Republic of Iran in West Asia, and its wide-ranging reflection across the world of domineering powers. These are examples of the reputation of the Islamic republic, which were not achieved except by means of the courage and wisdom of the jihadi [selflessly striving] managers.
The leaders of the domineering system are worried; their proposals generally involve deception and lies. Today, the Iranian nation, in addition to the criminal regime of the United States, regards a number of European governments as deceiving and unreliable. The Islamic Republic of Iran must prudently observe its boundaries with them; it should not retreat from its revolutionary and national values; it should not be scared by their void threats; and at all times, it should consider the dignity of the country and try to wisely, prudently and of course with a revolutionary standpoint settle the solvable problems it has in relations with them. In the case of the United States, no problem with them is seen to be resolved, and any negotiation with the U.S. will have no outcome but material and spiritual harms.
7) Lifestyle: There are many necessary points to make in this regard. I will leave it to another opportunity, and I suffice to mention that, the West's attempts to promote the Western lifestyle in Iran has caused a lot of irreversible moral, economic, religious and political detriments to our country and our nation. Countering them requires a comprehensive and intelligent jihad that again here you, the young individuals, are expected to carry out.
Finally, I would like to thank the enthusiastic, proud and enemy-repelling presence of our dear nation on the Bahman 22nd [February 11] demonstration, marking the fortieth anniversary of the great Islamic Revolution and I thank the Almighty God for it.
Peace be upon our Imam Mahdi (a.s.)—may our souls be sacrificed for him—; peace be upon the pure souls of the honorable martyrs and the pure soul of Imam Khomeini (r.a.), and peace be upon all the dear people of Iran and special greetings be to the young Iranians.
Keeping you in my prayers,
Sayyid Ali Khamenei
February 11, 2019
 See MEMRI Inquiry and Analysis No. 1441, Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei Announces The Goals Of 'The Second Phase Of The Islamic Revolution' For The Next 40 Years: 'The Challenge Is Mighty Iran's Presence At The Borders Of The Zionist Regime', February 13, 2019.
 English.Khamenei.ir/news/6415/The-Second-Phase-of-the-Revolution-Statement-addressed-to-the, February 13, 2019.
 A reference to the assassination of Iranian nuclear scientists.
 Khamenei insists that the economic woes of the Iranian public must be solved with the "resistance economy," that is, with self-reliance and rejection of economic cooperation with the West, including foreign investment in Iran. For Khamenei's explanation of "resistance economy," see MEMRI Special Dispatch No.6088, Khamenei's 'Red Lines' Speech, June 29, 2015.