Speaking in English at the Annual Arab-U.S. Policymakers Conference in Washington D.C., held October 22-23, 2013 by the National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations, former Saudi Ambassador to the U.S. and former intelligence chief Prince Turki Al-Faisal spoke out on a range of topics. Harshly criticizing the international community's soft stance on the crisis in Syria, which he called "shameful" and a "blot on the conscience of the world," he said that the dismantling of the Syrian regime's chemical weapons would not end the butchering of the Syrian people. He also condemned the U.S.'s "lamentable" stance vis-à-vis Syria, stressing that the killing machine of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad must be stopped by any means, including via targeted strikes on his air force and command and control centers.
Regarding Iran, he expressed concern that the moderate rhetoric of Iranian President Hassan Rohani could be dashed on the rocks of Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei's extremism. Reiterating the Saudi opposition to a nuclear Iran, he said that the sanctions alone are not deterring the Iranian leadership from reaching its goal. He condemned Iran's intervention in the counties of the region – Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, and Bahrain – and noted that it is due to Iran's involvement in Iraq that Saudi Arabia has no ambassador there, and that his country would never let Iran take power in Bahrain. As for Lebanon, he accused Hizbullah of endangering the country's very foundations so as to keep the Syrian regime in power, and called to hold Hizbullah's leadership to account for assassinations in Lebanon.
On Al-Qaeda's increasing presence in Yemen, Al-Faisal noted his concern and stressed that Saudi Arabia is cooperating with the world in its war against this. He explained his country's stance on the events in Egypt, emphasizing that it fully supports the current regime there, and that the substantial economic aid it is providing it contrasts starkly with the conditional loans promised by the West that are under constant threat of suspension.
Finally, he addressed Saudi Arabia's rejection of a seat in the U.N. Security Council, saying that the country chose to do this because the Security Council is not fulfilling its commitments as set out in its charter – that is, it is not taking effective measures to remove threats to world peace and to suppress aggression like that of Israel, Iran, and the Syrian regime.
The following are excerpts from Al-Faisal's speech, as published on the website of the National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations.
Prince Turki Al-Faisal (image: alarabiya.net)
"Sanctions Alone Are Not Deterring The Iranian Leadership From Reaching Its Goal"
"...The first issue [I shall address], without preference to any prioritizing, is Iran. Since the Iranian revolution, the leadership there has assumed a pugilist's stance towards the world community, and we assume an embracing stance. While Saudi Arabia has the world's greatest petroleum reserves, Iran has the second. Saudi Arabia is Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and the birthplace of Islam, and as such it is the eminent leader of the wider Muslim world. Iran portrays itself as the leader of not just the minority Shiite world, but of all Muslim revolutionaries interested in standing up to the West.
"In addition to these differences, Saudi Arabia has two other concerns about Iran. First, it is in our interest that the Iranian leadership does not develop a nuclear weapon, for their doing so will make nuclear arms proliferation in the Middle East the norm. I have suggested that the Gulf Cooperation Council members should carefully weigh all options, including acquiring a nuclear deterrent, if the Iranian leadership succeed in building a nuclear weapon. This is why, through various initiatives, we are sending messages to them that it is their right, as it is any nation's right, and as we ourselves are doing, to develop a civilian nuclear program, but that trying to parlay that program into nuclear weapons is a dead end, and that wiser choices will result in wider riches. A Zone Free of Weapons of Mass Destruction is the best means to get Iran and Israel to give up nuclear weapons. Such a Zone must be accompanied by a rewards regime that provides economic and technical support for countries that join, plus a nuclear security umbrella guaranteed by the permanent members of the Security Council. It should include a sanctions regime that puts economic and political sanctions on countries that don't join, plus military sanctions against those countries that try to develop weapons of mass destruction, also guaranteed by the permanent members of the Security Council. Sanctions alone are not deterring the Iranian leadership from reaching its goal. I also heartily agree with those in the international community who possess the blessed wisdom to know that unilateral military strikes would be catastrophic. Alas, with Netanyahu observing Mr. Obama's lamentable conduct in Syria, he may opt for a unilateral strike in spite of the dire consequences. The Iranian leadership will welcome such a strike and may provoke it. After Rohani's sweet talk and Obama's open arms approach to him, the Iranian people will certainly rally behind their leadership."
"It Is Saudi Arabia's Position That Iran Has No Right To Meddle In Other Nations' Internal Affairs"; "The Forces Of Darkness In Qum And Tehran Are Well Entrenched"
"The other concern we need to address in the coming decade is the Iranian leadership's meddling and destabilizing efforts in the countries with Shia majorities, Iraq and Bahrain, as well as those countries with significant minority Shia communities, such as Kuwait, Lebanon and Yemen and it still occupies the three Emirati islands in the Gulf and refuses to talk about them. Their invasion of Syria is underway and growing. This must end. Saudi Arabia will oppose any and all of Iran's interference and meddling in other countries because it is Saudi Arabia's position that Iran has no right to meddle in other nations' internal affairs, especially Arab states. Indeed, Iran takes this position as well: it is very sensitive about other countries meddling in its affairs. The Kingdom expects Iran to practice what it preaches. King Abdallah welcomed the election of President Rohani and expressed his best wishes for Rohani's term as President of Iran. Any measure to free Iran from the clutches of extremists in Khamenei's entourage and the revolutionary guard will bring stability to our region. We Saudis observe President Obama's efforts in this regard. The road ahead is arduous. Whether Rohani will succeed in steering Iran towards sensible policies is already contested in Iran. The forces of darkness in Qum and Tehran are well entrenched. Khomeini's expansionist ambition and legacy challenge the well-meaning words of Rohani. We still have to see Rohani's ability to implement his words or fail to do so, as Khatami and Rafsanjani before him witnessed the dashing of their sweet rhetoric on the rock of Khamenei. We are prepared for either eventuality."
"Much Of [Iraq's] Potential Is Being Crushed By Iranian Interference"
"One cannot discuss Iran without also mentioning Iraq. Iraq has a great history as a pivotal member of the Arab community. It has been, and it can still be, an important force in the Arab world. It is a founding member of the Arab League, the United Nations and OPEC, possessing vast natural resource wealth, and may someday be a major player in the energy markets. It sits at the heart of the Middle East and has a capable and diverse population. But much of its potential is being crushed by Iranian interference. Be it preferable to us or not, it is a new fact in the region that an Iraq that once waged a horridly bloody war against Iran has now become a significant arena of growing Iranian influence, thanks to the aftermath of the US invasion. There are people and groups in Iraq that are, as much as they deny it, completely beholden to Iran, and that is not only unacceptable, but it is bad for the future of an ethnically and religiously diverse country. It is our goal that Iraq remains an active participant of the Arab world and throws off these destructive foreign influences.
"This is the main reason we continue to maintain the same distance from all Iraqi factions. However, let me point out that, because we still have serious, deep-seated reservations about the formation of the current Iraqi government, we are the only country not to have sent a resident ambassador to Iraq. What is the cause of these reservations? Let me give you one example. In the weeks preceding the formation of the current Iraqi government, there was a certain Iranian general who was in Baghdad negotiating on behalf of the current Iraqi Prime Minister with the Shia and Kurdish groups, seeking their support for the new mandate. These are the kinds of actions that are not missed by Saudi Arabia. We cannot agree with them, and we will do everything in our power to make them end. In short, it is the Kingdom's full intention to continue to work with the people of Iraq to assure that their country becomes a stable, positive, and independent member of the Arab world."
"For The Kingdom, And Indeed The Rest Of The World, An Increasingly Unstable Yemen Represents A Very Real Security Threat"
"I will now briefly address the current situation with one of Saudi Arabia's closest neighbors, Yemen., an increasingly unstable Yemen represents a very real security threat due to the potential for terror cells to take root there. This rough, rugged southwest corner of the Arabian peninsula, with a population of over 20 million, has been an arena for Al Qaeda operations since Osama bin Laden established training camps there in the 1990's, and according to intelligence sources, Al- Qaeda's influence is disquieting in the country. This is largely due to the fact that the Yemeni central government's authority in the mountainous areas outside the capital and other cities is not up to par. Extremists have reportedly made deals with local tribal leaders for supplies and protection, creating a sanctuary not unlike Pakistan's Tribal Areas.
"What are our plans for the coming decade vis-a-vis this volatile situation? We have, in essence, a tri-partite approach. The Kingdom has had a decades-long program of economic and financial support for the Yemeni people. It is now on hold until the country settles down. We are strengthening our borders to prevent Yemeni refugees and Al Qaeda terrorists from crossing into our country while also increasing our counter-intelligence efforts to attempt to pinpoint and destroy Al-Qaeda operatives in Yemen. Our work with the world community to eliminate the terrorist threat continues."
"Lebanon Is Very Much On The Brink Of Its Own Civil War"; "We Have For Years Pushed For The Disarming Of Tehran-Backed Hizbullah"
"Let us now turn to the Kingdom's approach to the volatile and important nations of Lebanon and Syria. Due to the raging civil war next door in Syria, Lebanon is very much on the brink of its own civil war, as Hizbullah continues to push its agenda regardless of law and order. With the collapse of the Mikati government, we see to what extremes Hizbullah is willing to go, literally risking the very foundations of the nation [in order] to prevent the Assad regime from being overthrown and stopping any scrutiny of an international tribunal whose only goal is bringing fair justice upon those who perpetrated the series of horrible assassinations. Hizbullah's reckless interference in Syria is further destabilizing Lebanon; witness the recent car bombs in the Hizbullah neighborhood of Beirut and in Tripoli. Saudi Arabia believes that law and order must prevail in Lebanon and supports all efforts to neutralize Hizbullah's intervention in Syria and bring their leaders to justice for the assassination of the former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri. The Kingdom is providing financial aid to Lebanon. This is a serious effort to rebuild a stronger, more stable Lebanon, and an attempt to roll back the influence of Iran's leadership. We have for years pushed for the disarming of Tehran-backed Hizbullah and supported the government with nearly $1 billion in financial support and credit for weapons purchases for the Lebanese Army, and we will continue to do so in the coming decade."
"The Current Charade Of International Control Over Bashar's Chemical Arsenal Would Be Funny If It Were Not So Blatantly Perfidious"
"In Syria, the past two and a half years have proven absolutely disastrous. Gut-wrenching images of unspeakable, indiscriminate violence against civilians in Syria have shocked the world. By the latest United Nations estimates, over 100,000 Syrians, including many children, have lost their lives as a result of the Assad regime's criminal behavior. There are now two million Syrian refugees in bordering countries and more than four million displaced persons inside Syria. Whether through the murder of peaceful protesters, the shelling of residential quarters, the execution of soldiers who refuse to open fire on their countrymen, or the use of chemical weapons, a picture has emerged of a regime systematically defying even the most basic international moral and legal standards. Unless the world is content to see these massacres continue, the Syrian regime, along with its instruments of oppression, must be decisively removed from power. The shameful way that the world community accepts the impunity of the butcher of Syria is a blot on the conscience of the world. The dithering of leadership in the West and the callous, cynical and cavalier attitude in supporting Bashar by Russia and China are a stigma that they will bear forever. The Iranian leadership's support for Assad, from the beginning, is a criminal act and they should be tried in the International Criminal Court. The current charade of international control over Bashar's chemical arsenal would be funny if it were not so blatantly perfidious, and designed not only to give Mr. Obama an opportunity to back down, but also to help Assad to butcher his people. If you believe that Kerry's remarks, giving Russia the chance to make their play, was off-hand... then you will believe anything."
"Preventing Assad From Using His Killing Machine By Any Means, Including Targeted Strikes On His Air Force And Command And Control Centers, Is The Only Way That A Politically-Negotiated End To The Carnage In Syria Can Be Achieved"
"If the world, and especially the American people, believe that removing Assad's chemical weapons will end his slaughter of innocent children, women, and men in Syria, then all semblance of rational thought, humanitarian care, and national self-interest are thrown to the wind. Preventing Assad from using his killing machine by any means, including targeted strikes at his air force and command and control centers, is the only way that a politically-negotiated end to the carnage in Syria can be achieved. You delay that now, and you will have to do more when the carnage spreads to Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Turkey, and Iraq. Alas, General Dempsey has announced that the Pentagon has no plans to supply the Syrian opposition with weapons. This comes after the promise to do so was publically stated by Secretary Kerry and after Mr. Obama declared that Assad must go. And why make such a statement when it can only bring comfort and solace to the criminal and chagrin and despair to the victim? How can one reconcile such contradictions is beyond me."
Saudi Arabia Has Unconditionally Authorized $5 Billion In Aid To Egypt – In Stark Contrast To The West
"Ladies and Gentlemen, Egypt holds a special place in Saudi security interests. It is the largest Arab country with close and historically deep and significant ties to the Kingdom. King Abdullah held the closest of relations with President Mubarak for over thirty years. Abandoning him or any close ally during a revolutionary uprising was not and will never be a policy option for the Kingdom, which must uphold and defend its values. However, once President Mubarak resigned and the Egyptian people expressed their will, King Abdullah not only recognized the new reality, but he also extended the hand of friendship and four billion dollars in financial aid to the new leadership. But this new leadership, entirely beholden to the Muslim Brotherhood, proved unable, incapable and incompetent to govern a country such as Egypt. After barely a year in power, the majority of the Egyptian people withdrew support from them and demanded a referendum on the viability of the President's legitimacy. When he refused, they turned to the streets in the largest ever human demonstrations anywhere. These millions asked the armed forces to restore legitimacy and dignity and they did. They transferred power to a newly appointed temporary civilian government to save the Egyptian state from disaster. The Egyptian government has issued a four month roadmap to return to normalcy, including a constitution, parliamentary and presidential elections, and the inclusion of all political parties in the process. King Abdullah was the first leader to congratulate the Egyptian leadership and has led the regional push to support this action. Saudi Arabia unconditionally authorized $5 billion dollars in grants, loans, and deposits to Egypt's emerging government, which stands in stark comparison to the conditional loans that the US and Europe have promised and keep threatening to freeze."
"The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia Will Never Accept That Iran Take Power In Bahrain"
"Now to Bahrain. This nation is geographically and historically the closest to Saudi Arabia. Right after the 1979 revolution in Iran, Khomeini began trying to export his revolution to all Muslim countries. This resulted in eruptions of violence not only in Muslim countries but also among Shia communities in other countries. Those who claim that the recent disturbances were not instigated by Iran forget that Khomeini's creation, Hizbullah in Bahrain, still exists and that Iranian propaganda broadcasts beamed at Bahrain have never ceased. Iranian officials frequently issued statements that Bahrain is a province of Iran. When King Hamad delegated his Crown Prince to negotiate with the protesters on their demands, the Kingdom publicly endorsed the negotiations and still does. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has extended a ten-year economic package of $10 billion dollars, mostly from the Kingdom. The deployment of Saudi-supported GCC troops at the request of a member-country of the GCC to protect its strategic infrastructure like the oil refinery, the airport, the seaport, and economic installations is a duty that the Kingdom will always fulfill. No GCC personnel have been engaged in any action against protesters. King Hamad has continued to call for negotiations and the Kingdom continues to support that call. But let's be clear, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will never accept that Iran take power in Bahrain. This is a fantasy if anyone, including in the West, believes that such an eventuality can happen on Saudi Arabia's watch."
"The Only Viable Option" For Resolving The Israeli/Palestinian Conflict "Is The Arab Peace Initiative"
"Of course, a full analysis of the Kingdom's situation vis-a-vis the region cannot be considered complete without discussing what is perhaps the most important issue, and that is the Israeli/Palestinian conflict. As we have recently seen, Israel's unwillingness to cease its unlawful colonization and continual refusal to grant the Palestinians their own homeland is the core reason that this conflict continues. There is no lack of proposals for peace, many of them completely rational, fair and viable. Indeed, the only viable one today remains the Arab Peace Initiative, originally outlined by King Abdullah in 2002. It was even recently used as the basis for President Obama's call on Israel to withdraw to its 1967 borders and the establishment of a viable and contiguous Palestine bordering Israel, Jordan, and Egypt.
"The Kingdom continues to urge Israel to take the necessary steps toward peace and justice. It also continues to support the Palestinian Authority in its attempts to build lasting institutions for its people, and it remains, counter to recent accusations, the world's largest contributor to the Palestinian Authority. Pledges ranging into the millions of dollars have been made to support the Palestinian Authority, and the Kingdom has delivered hundreds of millions of dollars in the past few years for rebuilding and developing Palestine - money that is being spent on schools, roads and security. Funding, engagement, and a call for a two-state solution remain the centerpieces of the Saudi position in the coming decade. The Kerry effort to bring an accord during the next nine months, while laudable, is still a shot in the dark. If Mr. Obama dithers on what is needed to convince Netanyahu to reach an accord, as he is doing on Syria, there will not be one."
Saudi Arabia Rejected A Seat On The Security Council Because This Body Has Failed To Fulfill Its Obligations
"And on the all-important issue of statehood, King Abdullah has called upon the world community to support the establishment of a Palestinian state. As a matter of fact, one of the reasons that the Kingdom declined a seat on the Security Council was in regard to the Council's treatment of the Palestinian people. The Kingdom's stance has been met with varying views. Internally [it was met] with overwhelming public support: all the member-states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, made up of 57 countries, including all the Arab states and states from Africa, Asia and Europe, have expressed understanding and support. France and Turkey were equally understanding. But here in the United States, the following words have been used to describe the Kingdom's move: petulant, scared, shaky, hand-wringing, foolish, shortsighted, angry. These are some of the words used to describe the Kingdom's recent decision to decline membership in the Security Council.
"Let us look at the first article of the UN Charter which states: To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace. Article 24 of the chapter on the Security Council states: UN members confer on the SC primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Article 39 states: The SC shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression, and shall make recommendations or decide what measures shall be taken to maintain international peace and security in accordance with articles 41 and 42. Article 41 states: The SC may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions. Article 42 states: Should the SC consider that measures provided for in article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land to maintain or restore international peace and security. Article 49 states: The members of the UN shall join in affording mutual assistance in carrying out the measures decided upon by the SC.
"Has the Security Council fulfilled these obligations? Certainly not. Ladies and Gentlemen, petulant, scared etc. – those who used these words to describe Saudi Arabia's declining the UN Security Council seat have not been listening to us. Since 1947, the Kingdom has sought to bring about the implementation of various resolutions passed by the General Assembly or the SC, without success. Resolutions 242 and 338 of the SC are examples where the veto of one of the SC permanent members has stymied their implementation, of General Assembly support for their implementation. More recently, the vetoes of two members have quashed efforts to stop the killing and bloodshed in Syria. Other examples of the SC failing to do its job as stated in the articles of the UN Charter I mentioned before abound.
"The Kingdom's Council of Ministers has, over the years, called upon the SC to do its job, but to no avail. The Saudi Foreign Minister, in 2008, when Israel launched its murderous assault on Gaza, called upon the SC to stop the attack and warned that if it fails to do so then, and I quote: 'We will turn our backs to you'. There is nothing whimsical about the decision to forego membership in the SC. It is a decision based on the ineffectual experience of the body and the necessity of prodding all the members of the UN to enact the reform that will allow for the Palestinian people to shed the inhuman and immoral Israeli occupation of their land, that will rid the Middle East of the lewd display of dancing around nuclear proliferation by the P5+1 and Iran and removing the Syrian chemical weapons while Israel continues to build up its nuclear, biological, and chemical arsenals, and that will bring to a stop the butchering of the Syrian people by a bloodthirsty president who is now enjoying the protection of the SC.
"Let me conclude by reaffirming that Saudi Arabia has a vital responsibility and role that goes beyond the Arab world. We are critical to the well-being of the global economy. We see our work in that area as part of our overall role in the broader Islamic world. We hope to increase our peaceful foreign engagements with nations in the name of improving our common humanitarian good, and also to foster a sense of Islam as a religion of collaboration and progress. Through the King Abdallah Center for Cultural and Religious Dialogue, now established in Vienna, Saudi Arabia extends the hand of friendship to all peoples of the world."
 Ncusar.org, accessed October 28, 2013.