memri
May 6, 2024 Inquiry & Analysis Series No. 1751

Al-Jazeera Arabic: The Qatari-Owned TV Channel That Promotes Islamist Terrorism Worldwide – UPDATED

May 6, 2024 | By Yigal Carmon*
Qatar | Inquiry & Analysis Series No. 1751

Preface

On April 1, 2024, the Israeli Knesset approved a law giving Israel's prime minister and communications minister powers to prevent foreign news networks from operating in Israel if they are deemed to be harming national security. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu vowed to shut down the Qatar-funded Al-Jazeera channel's operations in Israel, calling it a "terror channel," and Israel Communications Minister Shlomo Karhi said it would be shut down because it acts as "a propaganda arm of Hamas" by "encouraging armed struggle against Israel." The outlet was shut down and taken off the air in Israel on May 5. 

The same day, White House Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre called the move "concerning to us" and added, "We believe in freedom of the press... And the United States supports the critically important work journalists around the world do. And that includes those who are reporting in the conflict in Gaza." U.S. State Department spokesman Matthew Miller said that the U.S. does not always agree with Al-Jazeera's coverage, but respects its work. He added, "We support the independent free press anywhere in the world, and much of what we know about what has happened in Gaza is because of reporters who are there doing their jobs, including reporters from Al Jazeera."

Following these statements, we are republishing this in-depth February 29, 2024 report of evidence of Al-Jazeera's pro-terrorist – Al-Qaeda, ISIS, Hizbullah, Taliban, Hay'at Tahrir Al-Sham, and others – and now particularly pro-Hamas and Muslim Brotherhood activity.

It is noteworthy that the U.S. and other Western countries have shut down the Russia Today (RT) outlet, which serves the same propaganda function as Al-Jazeera – except Al-Jazeera is much more extreme.

As the veteran Politico journalist Matthew Karnitschnig wrote on X in response to the news of Israel's new law, "Just as many countries have banned Moscow's RT, Israel has every justification for kicking out Al Jazeera, the propaganda arm of the Qatari regime and Hamas."

Twitter.com/MKarnitschnig/status/1775046597899944405, April 2, 2024

Below is the original MEMRI report on Al-Jazeera.

 

Table Of Contents

Introduction

The Two Faces Of Qatar: A Wahhabi/Muslim Brotherhood Terrorist Organization In The Guise Of A Modern State

Qatar's Support For Islamist Terrorist Organizations Over The Years

Qatar Is Responsible For The Growth Of Hamas From A Small Organization To A Military And Political Power

Qatar: A Hotbed Of Homophobia

Antisemitism Permeates Qatar's Media And Education

Al-Jazeera: A Wolf In Sheep's Clothing, Completely Free Of Charge

Al-Jazeera Journalists' Support For Terrorist Attacks In Israel

Al-Jazeera's Role In The Israel-Hamas War

Al-Jazeera's Activities In The War

Arab Journalists And Intellectuals Criticize Al-Jazeera: A Mouthpiece Of The Terrorist Organizations And A Tool Of Iran

Conclusion

Appendix: Qatar, Reports, Clips & Policy Assessment
 

Introduction

The Al-Jazeera TV network is an arm of the Qatari regime. It is owned by the government and carries out its foreign policy by means of indoctrination of the Arabic-speaking masses worldwide. Al-Jazeera, therefore, should not be discussed as a means of telecommunications, but instead as an unyielding and forceful political tool of Qatari foreign policy under the guise of a mass media network.

This report will present the policies of Qatar and will review how these policies are implemented through Al-Jazeera, discussing the current Israel-Hamas war as a case study of Al-Jazeera's role and activities.

It includes an extensive appendix containing reports, video clips and policy assessments on Qatar and Al-Jazeera. The material included in the 300-page appendix spans a five-year period between 2018 and early 2023, and contains briefs and analyses written by MEMRI Vice-President and former U.S. ambassador Alberto M. Fernandez and MEMRI President and Founder Yigal Carmon. The appendix also includes reports on Qatar, focusing on three topics: Islamism, jihad and terrorism; Al-Jazeera and the Qatar press; and Qatar's relations with Iran and the Afghan Taliban. A 50-page review of Qatar's Islamic Education School Textbooks for the first half of the 2018-2019 school year is also included.

Notable in the appendix is a report in MEMRI’s Inquiry and Analysis series titled "Al-Jazeera Unmasked", written by Amb. Fernandez and MEMRI TV Director Yotam Feldner, which contains an extensive compilation of MEMRI TV video clips.[1]

The Two Faces Of Qatar: A Wahhabi/Muslim Brotherhood Terrorist Organization In The Guise Of A Modern State

Qatar is a Wahhabi/Muslim Brotherhood extremist entity in the guise of a supposedly modern nation state. Wahhabism is an 18th-century movement espousing a return to 7th-century Islam, including uniting the Muslim world under the banner of Jihad. Indeed, former Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani (father of the current Emir) praised himself as being directly descended from 18th-century cleric Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab, the hardline ideological founder of Wahhabism.[2]


Former Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani

Qatar's implementation of its doctrine of Wahhabi/Muslim Brotherhood Islam is three-pronged: it promotes Islamist terrorist organizations worldwide; it strives to topple secular authoritarian regimes in the Arab and Muslim world under the guise of fighting dictatorships; and it uses its wealth for educational, social, religious and political movements in both the East and the West in order to expand its influence and further its aims.


Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi (left) welcoming Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani (right) at the presidential palace in Tehran, Iran, May 12, 2022 (Credit Image: ©️Iranian Presidency via ZUMA Press Wire)

In order to disguise its Wahhabi/Muslim Brotherhood goals, Qatar has adopted a Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde persona. To improve its reputation in the West it is involved in a variety of whitewashing activities. It provides financial support to a wide range of political individuals and movements in cash-for-influence schemes (see, for example, the European Qatargate scandal[3] and the U.S. Senator Bob Menendez indictment on accusations of bribery[4]). It has developed extensive economic enterprises and many educational initiatives in the West. Qatar provides financing to many American universities and think tanks in D.C.,[5] and some universities have opened branches in Qatar.[6] Thus, for example, the state endowed a Middle East studies chair in Northwestern University, and the institute partnered with Al-Jazeera to open a school of journalism in Doha.[7] Cornell, Georgetown, Carnegie Mellon, Virginia Commonwealth, and Texas A&M all have branches in the Qatari capital.[8] Comprehensive research on Qatari funding of American universities was conducted by the Institute for the Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy (ISGAP).[9]

Qatar engages in sportswashing: since 2011 it has owned the majority shares in the Paris Saint-Germain F.C., and in 2022 it hosted the World Cup.[10]

Through all these efforts Qatar has broadened its influence to the point that it is capable of preventing any government from pushing back against its Islamist policies and terroristic activities out of fear of economic repercussions.

To the Western world Qatar portrays itself as a modern Westernized political player, engaged in conflict mediation (usually in order to legitimize the terrorist organizations it supports, such as Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and Hamas), and as a benevolent force, providing humanitarian aid (for example, bringing 59 plane loads of aid to Gaza).[11] Al-Jazeera English is the main tool serving this Dr. Jekyll persona in the Anglo-American media space. In the Arab and Muslim world, however, every person on the street – unlike the top political, military and intelligence echelons in Israel and the West – is well aware of the Mr. Hyde face of Qatar and knows that the Qatari regime is the mega-promoter of terrorism and Islamism worldwide (giving safe haven to the future mastermind of 9/11, for example, and preventing the FBI from arresting him).[12] Qatar engages in "doublespeak": on the one hand, its leaders stress that they are committed to conflict resolution, while on the other hand, they maintain ties with top terror operatives.[13] The Qatari school curricula glorify Jihad and martyrdom, presenting them as virtues and divine Islamic commandments[14].


Qatari school textbook teaches about Jihad

Indeed, the main reason for the confusion in the West regarding Qatar's role is the fact that the U.S. Air Force operates in Qatar with its CENTCOM base in Al-Udaid. This base, hosting thousands of American troops, however, was offered to the U.S. in order to serve the ruling Qatari family as a protective shield, at a critical time when the former emir, Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani, carried out a coup against his father and Qatar's neighbors was threatening to reverse the coup. Qatar built the base for the Americans at almost exactly the same time that it first launched Al-Jazeera Television. It is today the largest American military base in the Middle East, a very valuable property. Indeed, in 2017, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Egypt declared a boycott on Qatar in an effort to stem its pro-terrorist policies – and the U.S. once again came to Qatar's rescue. To this day, the Qatari regime is protected by this base, without which the ruling Qatari family would have been pushed out by the country's neighbors. The Qatari rulers, therefore, owe their survival to the presence of this base, which the U.S. could have used to demand that Qatar cease its sponsorship of terrorism. Unfortunately, the U.S. is acting as if it is held hostage by Qatar.

Qatar's Support For Islamist Terrorist Organizations Over The Years

Among the Islamist terrorist organizations that Qatar and Al-Jazeera have supported over the years are the Muslim Brotherhood, Al-Qaeda, the Taliban,[15] Hizbullah, the Al-Nusrah Front/ Hay'at Tahrir Al-Sham, ISIS, Hamas, and even the Shiite Iranian proxies in Yemen, Ansar Allah (the Houthis), which are currently engaged in direct conflict with the U.S. and other Western countries.[16] The International Union of Muslim Scholars (IUMS), a key element of Muslim Brotherhood thought in the Muslim world, is located in Doha. For many years Sheikh Yousef Al-Qaradhawi, the spiritual leader of the Muslim Brotherhood and Chairman of the IUMS, was granted safe haven in Doha when he fled Egypt, and he was given a weekly hour-long religious program on Al-Jazeera to promote the Muslim Brotherhood version of Islam. He used this program to espouse antisemitic, homophobic and anti-Western views and to praise the Holocaust and promise another one – this time "at the hand of the believers".[17]


Qatari Emir Aal Thani embraces Yousuf Al-Qaradhawi

The IUMS has a long history of Jihad and martyrdom-seeking justification, as well as homophobic and anti-Semitic rhetoric. Al-Qaradhawi's successor Ali Al-Qaradaghi shared his mentor's hardline views on Jihad and actively promoted Muslim Brotherhood ideology.[18] For example, following a shooting in Jerusalem in January 2023, in which seven Israelis were killed, IUMS member 'Atiyya 'Allan praised the perpetrator and said that the Quran explicitly calls to wage Jihad.[19]

In 2017, an Indian cleric, Salman Al-Nadwi, a member of the IUMS Board of Trustees, was deported from Oman to Qatar after lambasting the Saudi monarch and the U.S. and then U.S. President Trump.[20]


Indian cleric Salman Al-Nadwi calls to "raid the European countries, raid America, raid all the countries of the world, raid all the continents, by means of the holy Quran"[21]

Al-Jazeera was the prime power for toppling the secular authoritarian regime in Egypt, when Qatar, by means of Al-Jazeera, supported the Muslim Brotherhood in ousting then Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak. Al-Jazeera, the single most significant platform for mainstreaming jihadi and Muslim Brotherhood ideology, was the power that accorded Mohamed Morsi his victory.[22]

Qatar Is Responsible For The Growth Of Hamas From A Small Organization To A Military And Political Power

Qatar has established itself as an indispensable ally to Hamas, and has built up the organization's capabilities, transforming it over the past 15 years into a global organization with an army in Gaza and significant political status worldwide. It has achieved this by funneling billions of dollars into the Gaza Strip, enabling Hamas to build its military force into a significant power of 30,000–40,000 fighters, with a huge arsenal of missiles, drones and multicopters, vehicles including a fleet of ambulances to be used for military, rather than medical purposes, motorcycles for combat, and other combat equipment and a tremendous amount of munitions. It also enabled the construction of the Gaza "underground" – hundreds of kilometers of fortified tunnels, according to Hamas. All this has been carried out with the endorsement and support of Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu, for a myriad of reasons.[23]

Qatar provides a safe haven for the terrorist organization's operations and leadership. It is home to the Political Bureau of Hamas, including Hamas leader Isma'il Haniyeh, who relocated there in January 2020, as well as its former leader Khalid Mash'al, and Hamas's spokesman Ezzat al-Rishq.[24] The close connection between Haniyeh and the Qatari Emir Tamim bin Hamad Aal Thani can be seen in their beaming faces in the photo below:[25]


Hamas political bureau head Isma'il Haniyeh with Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Aal Thani (source: qudspress.com)

Thus, in a very real and profound way, Qatar is Hamas, and Hamas is Qatar.


Hamas political bureau head Isma'il Haniyeh with former Qatari Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani during a 2018 visit to Gaza (source: Agence France Presse Arabic)

Qatar: A Hotbed Of Homophobia

Anti-LGBTQ+ sentiment is pervasive in Qatar and is reflected in statements by official sources, in the press, and among Qataris on social media. When the World Cup was held in Doha in November 2022, the state was awash with expressions of homophobia. A former national football team member called homosexuality "damage in the mind," the Qatari parliament called to oppose "foreign ideas," hinting at the influx of LGBTQ+ visitors to the country, and Qataris weighed in on their social media accounts.[26] Homophobic rhetoric, already prevalent in the Qatari media, increased toward the event, with gays described as "perverts" who might "infect Arab and Islamic societies" and cause "moral degeneration".[27]


The World Cup as a Trojan horse bearing "cultures opposed to (Qatari) societal values" (source: Al-Watan, Qatar, October 29, 2022)

When a Qatari diplomat was rejected as chair of a U.N. human rights forum after her racist, antisemitic, and homophobic views were exposed, a campaign of support for her was launched on Twitter and immediately became the top-trending hashtag in the country.[28]

Antisemitism Permeates Qatar's Media And Education

As mentioned above, IUMS Chairman Sheikh Al-Qaradhawi promoted anti-Semitic and homophobic views on his weekly Al-Jazeera TV program "Shari'a And Life", praising the Holocaust and promising another one, "at the hands of the believers".[29]


Sheikh Al-Qaradhawi promises another Holocaust "at the hand of the believers"

Antisemitism and Holocaust denial is also rife in the Qatari press, with antisemitic messages and tropes drawn from Islamic and Western sources. Jews are often described as the enemies of Islam, as cunning and treacherous violators of treaties and as the slayers of prophets. Antisemitic texts mentioned in the Qatari press including The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, which are presented as authentic, and the Jews are portrayed as seeking to take over the world, as controlling the global economy, and as responsible for all wars and catastrophes, such as 9/11.[30]


Cartoon in London-based Qatari daily Al-Quds Al-Arabi after May 2021 round of fighting, showing stereotypical Jew against background of an Israeli flag slashed by a sword

The Qatari school curricula, in addition to glorifying Jihad and martyrdom-seeking, promote antisemitism, along with anti-Christian and anti-Western sentiment.[31]

Al-Jazeera: A Wolf In Sheep's Clothing, Completely Free Of Charge

Al-Jazeera Media is a multifaceted media network encompassing various platforms such as online, specialized TV channels in numerous languages. Launched in 1996, the Al-Jazeera network not only revolutionized Arab broadcast media in the Middle East but became a household name across the world in the aftermath of 9/11, when it was the only channel to air all of Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden's addresses and statements to the Arab world.[32] Since then, the Qatari TV network has grown into a multi-channel, multi-language international operation. According to its website, Al-Jazeera has "over 70 bureaus around the globe" and is "one of the largest and most influential international news networks in the world".[33]

As discussed above, Qatar has two faces – its authentic identity as a Wahhabi and Muslim Brotherhood state, which it presents to the Arab and Muslim world, and a façade, which it presents to the Western world, to cover up its true identity. The Al-Jazeera network embodies the same dichotomy: its Arabic channel presents its authentic nature to the Arab and Muslim world, but it presents a different façade to the English-speaking world.[34]

In the U.S., Al-Jazeera has three outlets, geared towards the Western viewer: Al-Jazeera English, launched in 2006, which provides HD streaming and on-demand video content, completely free of charge;[35] Al-Jazeera Arabic, which is also freely accessible; and AJ+, a left-leaning digital brand tailored to Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and Instagram and aimed at influencing “progressive” youth and millennial audiences. Al-Jazeera's practice of making its content free of charge makes it widely accessible and is largely responsible for its tremendous reach across the Western world. Between 2004 and 2020, AJ+ Facebook videos had been viewed over 10 billion times, and it had amassed over 11 million followers on Facebook.[36] Evidence of its unprecedented success can be seen in the fact that its reporting is widely assumed to be credible by the average Western viewer and is taken at face value. This is further evident in the partnership between Northwestern University and Al-Jazeera in Doha, mentioned above.[37]

Despite its façade of an uninvolved news operation, Al-Jazeera is Qatar's main indoctrination tool. Owned by the regime and with its budget controlled by the Qatari Ministry of Finance, Al-Jazeera serves as Qatar's tool of political influence, its content serving the state's policies and interests, particularly when it comes to Hamas and other extremist Sunni groups.[38] This is reflected, among other things, on the social media accounts of its employees[39] and is noted in a report prepared by former U.S. Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, former chairperson of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.[40]

This was, in fact, stated even more bluntly by former Qatari Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani, who acknowledged, in a conversation with then Libyan Leader Mu'ammar Al-Qadhafi, that presumably took place in 2010, that as Emir, he was in complete control of Al-Jazeera's content. "Give us the names of the people you don't want to appear on Al-Jazeera TV", he told Al-Qadhafi, who reminded the Emir that "the agreement (between them) is that anyone attacking Libya is not allowed to appear (on Al-Jazeera)".[41]


Former Qatari Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani in conversation with then Libyan Leader Mu'ammar Al-Qadhafi

MEMRI Vice-President and former U.S. ambassador Alberto M. Fernandez, formerly head of the U.S. Middle East Broadcasting Network (MBN), and MEMRI TV Director Yotam Feldner prepared a comprehensive analysis of Al-Jazeera as a media arm of the Qatari state promoting political Islam, including an extensive catalogue of translations, analyses and videos by MEMRI (see Appendix).

While the heads of Al-Jazeera reject these claims, purporting to abide by globally recognized criteria of objective reporting, there have been a few acknowledgements that the channel is almost completely financed and directed by the Qatari government. In 2017, for example, Al-Jazeera's Acting Director-General Dr. Mustafa Souag admitted on BBC TV that "The state of Qatar does finance Al-Jazeera."[42] In another statement, in 2018, Dr. Souag compared Al-Jazeera to the BBC, France 24, and DW, which are funded by Britain, France, and Germany respectively. "But it's exactly like them… We have complete editorial independence," he insisted[43] – a statement belied by the fact that unlike the BBC and other outlets in the Western world, which often criticize the political leaders and policies of their own country, Al-Jazeera never utters any criticism of the Qatari regime or its policies, and indeed, Qatar's media laws explicitly prohibit criticism of the Emir.[44]


Al-Jazeera's Acting Director-General Dr. Mustafa Souag

Al-Jazeera maintains a polarizing editorial policy, denigrating Qatar's political and ideological rivals while ignoring or justifying the transgressions of the state's regional allies.[45] Those authoritarian Arab and Islamic regimes that strive for modernization and progress, struggling against hardline Islamism – including Saudi Arabia, the UAE,[46] Egypt, Bahrain, Morocco, Tunisia, and Jordan – are aware of this problem and are struggling by various measures and with varying degrees of success to ban Al-Jazeera from operating in their territories.[47]

In 2020, the U.S. Department of Justice established that Al-Jazeera was owned by the Qatari regime, and therefore ordered the media network to register as a foreign agent in accordance with Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) laws[48] – registration that is intended to ensure transparency with respect to their activities. According to the report prepared by Congressperson Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Qatar "repeatedly undermines U.S. interests in the region by supporting extremist groups like the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Al-Qaeda, and the Al-Nusrah [Front]. […] Moreover, Qatar uses its state-owned, state-funded, state-directed and state-controlled Al Jazeera Media Network to project this vision to the U.S. public."[49] Indeed, since early 2018, there have been many Congressional letters warning about Qatar’s propaganda arm.[50] Yet Al-Jazeera has been violating the U.S. Department of Justice order for years, and to this day, has not registered in accordance with FARA.[51]

An indication of the success with which Al-Jazeera has peddled its façade as a regular media network is its large presence on Capitol Hill: its various subsidiaries—Al-Jazeera International, Al-Jazeera English and AJ+—have 136 employees who have been credentialed by the U.S. Congress.[52] Credentialed members of the House and Senate galleries enjoy free access to the U.S. Capitol, as well as to Senators, Members of Congress and staffers. While this access is necessary for the media to provide accurate reporting to the American public, it is also the kind of access coveted by foreign powers seeking sensitive information from inside Congress.

Al-Jazeera's role in providing a platform for promoting extremist Islamist ideologies goes back decades. The case of promoting Al-Qaeda is of particular interest. Two months before 9/11, Al-Jazeera gave an Al-Qaeda spokesman, Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, free rein to speak uninterrupted for ten minutes, and to call for 12,000 mujahideen to join Al-Qaeda.[53]


Osama Bin Laden with Sulaiman Abu Ghaith

Al-Jazeera employed a correspondent, Tayseer Allouni, who was sentenced in Spain to seven years in prison for transferring funds to Al-Qaeda – and Al-Qaeda even issued a public statement in his support.[54] Al-Jazeera broadcast live the killing of a U.S. soldier by an Iraqi sniper – which could only have happened if the media network had coordinated with the perpetrators of the killing.[55]

As for ISIS – Al-Jazeera allowed a pledge of allegiance to its leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi live on air. In the middle of a TV debate on Al-Jazeera's flagship Arabic-language program, an Islamic scholar pledged allegiance to the leader of ISIS, the Emir of the Believers, while moderator Faysal Al-Qassem did nothing to stop him.[56]

Al-Jazeera allowed terrorist Anis Al-Naqqash to call for terror attacks against American oil installations, also in a live broadcast.[57]

And as for the Jabhat Al-Nusra organization, which split off from Al-Qaeda in Syria, the channel gave hours-long interviews with its leader, Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani, twice – first in 2013 and then again in 2015.[58] Both the questions and the setting sought to portray Al-Joulani in the most positive light possible.

A notorious event that encapsulates Al-Jazeera's incendiary role is its on-air 2008 celebration of the birthday of notorious Lebanese terrorist Samir Quntar, who had recently been released in a prisoner swap by Israel after his incarceration for killing a family. Kuntar had taken the family's four-year-old girl down to the beach of Nahariya, where he killed her by smashing her head against the rocks. The live television celebration party that Al-Jazeera put on for Quntar, amid much pomp and circumstance, included a huge cake, a musical band, and fireworks.[59]


Released terrorist Samir Quntar (right) with cake at party held by Al-Jazeera

As can be seen from all these examples, Al-Jazeera has been working systematically and relentlessly to drive the Muslim world back to 7th century Islam, in accordance with Qatar's Wahhabi goals.

Al-Jazeera Journalists' Support For Terrorist Attacks In Israel

When terrorist attacks are carried out in Israel, Al-Jazeera journalists often extol the perpetrators in their social media accounts. This was the case following a March 29, 2022 shooting in Bnei Brak, in which five Israelis were killed by a Palestinian who infiltrated from the West Bank. Al-Jazeera host Ahmed Mansour tweeted footage of the shooting and of the funeral of one of the victims, writing of the attacker: "He moved from one point to the next with determination and courage, hitting his targets – namely the settlers – with precision and sowing feat and terror among them before being martyred."[60]


Al-Jazeera host Ahmad Mansour celebrating terror attack against Israelis on Twitter

Less than two weeks later, following an April 7, 2022 attack in Tel Aviv in which three Israelis were killed, Mansour, as well as another Al-Jazeera presenter, Tamer Al-Mishal, praised the perpetrator, calling him a "resistance fighter" and a "martyr."[61]

On January 27, 2023, a Palestinian terrorist shot and killed six Israelis and a Ukrainian national near a synagogue in Jerusalem's Neve Ya'akov neighborhood. Ahmad Mansour praised the attack, Al-Jazeera presenter Haitham Abu Saleh called it "legitimate resistance" and said that it was "neither a terrorist attack nor or a criminal act," and Al-Jazeera host Jamal Rayyan tweeted: "It is a clear message to the regimes of normalization [with Israel] that there is occupation, there is resistance, and there is a struggle in Palestine that is not yet over."[62]

These are just a few examples of the writings of Al-Jazeera journalists on their social media accounts following terrorist attacks carried out against Israelis over the past few years. It can be seen, therefore, that this is the norm, rather than the exception to the rule.[63]

Al-Jazeera's Role In The Israel-Hamas War

Muhammad Deif's Declaration Of War On Al-Jazeera On The Morning Of October 7

Al-Jazeera's "official" role in the Hamas-Israel War is nowhere more evident than in its exclusive broadcast of Hamas military commander Mohammed Deif on the morning of Saturday, October 7, at the very time that Hamas terrorists were carrying out their mega-terror attack in Israel, killing over 1,300 and taking more than 250 Israelis and foreign nationals hostage into Gaza. In the recording Deif declared the launch of "Operation Al-Aqsa Flood" and warned that this was just the "first strike" of the operation. He incited all Palestinians – in the West Bank, in Jerusalem, and within Israel itself – to join the war, using all means in their possession – guns, knives, Molotov cocktails, and vehicles.[64]


Hamas military commander Mohammed Deif declaration of war on Al-Jazeera

Thus, it was, in fact, a Qatari declaration of war in the very first hours of the conflict – given the fact that it was Qatar who developed Hamas's capabilities over a decade. Later, Qatar offered its services as a mediator between Israel and Hamas. This is the common Qatari playbook. It proved effective in Afghanistan in 2021: Qatar supported the Taliban for years, all the way until the day of the removal of the secular regime of President Ashraf Ghani, with 13 U.S. soldiers killed. It then offered its services as mediator between the U.S and the Taliban to evacuate the remaining Americans to Qatar, and since then it has been operating on the political level to provide legitimacy in the West to the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.

Past Praise By Sinwar And Nakhalah For Al-Jazeera

The channel's historical close relations with the terror organization are evident in open praise uttered by Hamas leaders in past rounds of fighting, with Hamas Leader in Gaza Yahya Sinwar singling it out, in 2021, as "the best pulpit to give the accurate voice to our position".[65] Al-Jazeera also supports other terror militias in Gaza: in 2022, following three days of conflict between Israel and the Iranian-aligned Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), its leader Ziyad Nakhalah singled out Al-Jazeera for its positive coverage of the conflict.[66]

Al-Jazeera's Activities In The War

Since the October 7 attack, Hamas's leaders have been managing the war from Doha and conveying their messages mostly via Al-Jazeera. The network has been operating as a propaganda outlet in the service of Hamas 24/7, with hardly any coverage of other topics. The channel expresses unreserved support for Hamas, justifying the deadly attack, showing footage of it obtained from the body-cams of the terrorists, and celebrating it as a victory that brought pride and honor to the Islamic nation.[67]

Al-Jazeera Journalists By Day, Hamas Commanders By Night

Some Al-Jazeera journalists have recently been "outed" as Hamas and PIJ fighters. A Palestinian journalist working for Al-Jazeera, Muhammad Wishah, appears to have also been a commander in the military wing of Hamas, according to documents on a laptop found by the Israeli army in a Hamas base in northern Gaza. Wishah, from Al-Buriej in the central Gaza Strip, has featured in Al-Jazeera broadcasts in recent months, with the station calling him one of their journalists. According to the Israeli military sources, however, Wishah is a prominent commander in Hamas's anti-tank missile unit, who began, in late 2022, to work in R&D for the terror group's air unit.[68] A photo that emerged of Wishah together with Yahya Sinwar suggests warm relations between the two.


Muhammad Wishah with Yahya Sinwar

Another Al-Jazeera correspondent, Ismail Abu Omar, who participated in the October 7 attack, documenting it from within the Gaza Envelope, was airlifted to Doha for medical treatment on February 19 after having been wounded in an Israeli airstrike in Rafah a week earlier. He has been identified as a Hamas platoon deputy commander.[69]

Mustafa Thuraya, an independent journalist who worked with Al-Jazeera TV and Agence France-Press, was, according to documents found by the Israeli army in Gaza, an operative in the Al-Qassam Brigades' Gaza City Brigade, and he specialized in developing drones. Hamza Al-Dahdouh, another Al-Jazeera journalist and photojournalist, was a member of the electronic engineering unit of the PIJ's Northern Gaza Brigade.


A document seized by the IDF in the Gaza Strip reveals that Hamza al-Dahdouh was a PIJ military operative and a member of its electronic engineering unit

Since the recent Israel-Hamas war began, Al-Jazeera has been providing the following services to Hamas:

• Broadcasting threats by Hamas leaders and leaders of other terror organizations

• Celebrating and praising the terror attack and missile attacks on Israel

• Airing hostage videos to exert pressure on the Israeli government

• Broadcasting military announcements on an almost daily basis

• Airing footage on military encounters and the killing of IDF soldiers

• Broadcasting near IDF troops and airing analysis by military experts to advise Hamas fighters on recommended tactics and maneuvers

• Pinpointing potential Israeli quality targets

• Fabricating anti-Israel propaganda

• Fabricating information designed to thwart Israel's instructions to the Gaza population

• Silencing any criticism of Hamas, and constantly rebroadcasting Hamas propaganda focusing on: IDF soldiers killed in the fighting; Hamas statements in Hebrew inciting the Israeli public against its government, including with scenes from the current hostage families' demonstrations in Israel; and Hamas propaganda referring to every city, town, and community in Israel as a "settlement"

• Describing the hostages abducted by Hamas on October 7 as "convicted prisoners" – equating them with the convicted Hamas terrorists in Israeli prisons – and referring to the young Palestinian adults in Israeli custody as "children"

• Propagating the lie that IDF soldiers raped Palestinian women during the attack on Hamas terrorists at Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza – see MEMRI Daily Brief No. 587, Al-Jazeera's Gaza Script Sabotaged By Its Ally Hamas, April 1, 2024.
 

Al-Jazeera Broadcasts Threats By Leaders Of Hamas And Other Terror Organizations

On October 7, following the attack, Hamas Leader Ismail Haniyeh issued a statement on Al-Jazeera, in which called the attack a "great triumph" and called to expand the operation to the West Bank and to within the pre-1967 borders of Israel.[70] On the same day, Al-Jazeera broadcast an address by Saleh Al-Arouri, Deputy-Chairman of the Political Bureau of Hamas, who was later killed in an Israeli airstrike in Lebanon. In it he threatened that "the storming of the Zionist settlements and bases in the Gaza Envelope will pale compared to what may happen to them" in the event of a ground attack and he denied that any Israeli civilians had been killed.[71] In another interview, on October 12, Al-Arouri repeated his denial that Hamas had targeted civilians, and even denied that atrocities such as rape and the killing of children had taken place.[72]


Hamas Leader Haniyeh issues statement on Al-Jazeera: "a great triumph"

Al-Jazeera has also aired addresses and threats by leaders of terror organizations beyond Gaza, such as Hizbullah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah[73] and threats by Houthi Spokesman Yahya Sare'e.[74]

Al-Jazeera Celebrates And Praises The October 7 Attack

On the day of the attack, a video of various Hamas leaders, including Ismail Haniyeh, watching the coverage of Hamas's invasion of southern Israel on Al-Jazeera was posted on various social media outlets. According to online reports, the video was taken in Qatar. In honor of the Hamas attack, Haniyeh and the other leaders performed the Islamic "Prostration of Gratitude."[75]


Haniyeh and other Hamas leaders performing the Islamic "Prostration of Gratitude" following the October 7 attack

On the same day, Al-Jazeera shared on its X (formerly Twitter) account exclusive footage showing members of the 'Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, breaching the Israel-Gaza border and beginning their assault on Israeli military posts and civilian communities. This footage could only have been obtained from Hamas itself. The Al-Jazeera reporter abandoned any pretense of neutrality, proclaiming gleefully that "the settler walls… collapsed… along with the iron image of the arrogant occupation army."[76]

The next day, Al-Jazeera aired – and later shared on social media – exclusive footage of the October 7 attack, showing the Hamas terrorists breaching the border, taking over Israeli military vehicles and taking hostages, as well as their widespread celebrations. According to the studio anchor, the footage was obtained from the bodycams worn by dozens of 'Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigade members.[77] Again, this could only have been obtained directly from Hamas itself, clear proof of close coordination between the network and the terror group.


Exclusive Al-Jazeera report of the October 7 attack


Footage from body-cam of Hamas terrorist aired on Al-Jazeera

And just hours after the attack, Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank celebrated in the streets. Al-Jazeera was one of the TV networks that broadcast footage of the celebrations, in Gaza, Nablus, Jenin, and Bethlehem under the title: "Palestinians overjoyed with the Al-Aqsa Flood Operation".[78]

Al-Jazeera presenters and journalists have also posted praise for the attack on their social media accounts. Presenters Rawaa Augé and Tamer Almisshal justified the attack, with Almisshal writing: "Gaza manufactures victory and honor for its homeland and nation." Presenter Ahmad Mansour shared a video showing Hamas breaching the border fence with a bulldozer in preparation for its invasion of Israel, as well as a video showing Hamas operatives dragging two Israeli soldiers on the ground, which he called an "historic picture". The same video was also shared by Ahmad Khalifa, an Al-Jazeera correspondent in Libya. And former Al-Jazeera director Yasser Abu Hilalah shared a video issued by the military information office of the 'Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades, documenting the infiltration of an Israeli military outpost and featuring graphic images of dead Israeli soldiers.[79]

Al-Jazeera Airs Hostage Videos To Exert Pressure On The Israeli Government

The Qatari TV channel has broadcast several videos showing some of the hostages pleading with the Israeli government to accept Hamas's conditions for hostage deals, thereby amplifying the scope of Hamas psychological warfare waged within the region and beyond.[80]

Al-Jazeera Broadcasts Military Announcements On An Almost Daily Basis

Since October 7, Al-Jazeera has been airing official military announcements and threats by Hamas spokesmen – as well as by other terror organizations – on an almost daily basis, serving as a semi-official amplifier of Hamas messaging, often featuring outlandish claims of military successes by the group.

On October 9, for example, an audio recording by Abu Ubaida, spokesman for the 'Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades, aired on the Qatari channel. Abu Ubaida threatened that Hamas would execute a civilian hostage every time Israel strikes Gaza and would air the footage of the execution.[81]


Al-Qassam Brigades Spokesman Abu Ubaida in audio recording on Al-Jazeera

The network has broadcast threats and addresses by military commanders of other terror organizations in Gaza, such as Abu Hamza, spokesman for the Al-Quds Brigade, the military wing of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad.[82]

Al-Jazeera Repeatedly Broadcasts Israeli TV Announcements Of Fallen Soldiers And Airs Footage Of Military Encounters In Order To Raise Morale

Al-Jazeera reports on the close-range killing of IDF soldiers in real-time,[83] showing armed Hamas fighters moving toward Israeli troops and tanks and shooting at them.[84] Such footage is shown time and again, often for days after the event, celebrating the killing of Israeli soldiers. It also airs footage of the launching of rockets toward Israel.[85] This material is given exclusively to Al-Jazeera, and clearly shows that the media network is in cahoots with the terror organization. This, along with Al-Jazeera's repeated broadcasts of Israeli TV announcements on the fallen Israeli soldiers is intended to raise the morale of Hamas fighters. The praising of the launching of missiles toward Tel Aviv and other civilian populations in Israel also achieves that goal.

Al-Jazeera Broadcasts Near IDF Troops, Providing Intel And Military Advice

Al-Jazeera's reporters continuously provide information of military value and advice from military experts. Its correspondents, operating with Israeli journalist credentials, report freely from within Israel, both in the north and the south, about Israeli military concentrations and movements of troops. In one report, filmed on October 9, 2023 near the Gaza Envelope and broadcast since then repeatedly, Al-Jazeera reporter Najwan Samari can be seen standing near an Israeli police checkpoint and pointing to one of the posts where the IDF sends tanks and heavy artillery.[86] The channel interviews experts who analyze the military situation on the ground to support Hamas and provide it with satellite intel, as well as advising it on recommended tactics and maneuvers.[87]

Al-Jazeera Pinpoints Possible Israeli Quality Targets

It pinpoints high-quality potential targets for missile strikes. On October 18, for example, Al-Jazeera aired a report on Hamas threats to Israel's natural gas field Tamar, off the Gaza shore, stating that the October 7 war has negatively impacted the Israeli energy sector. "Last year, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad attempted to launch a UAV at the direction of the Tamar platform. Apparently, the Palestinian resistance was able to develop its offensive capabilities during the last two years, bringing the Israeli gas rigs in the eastern Mediterranean Sea within the range of the Palestinian rockets – and possibly the Lebanese ones, in the future," the Al-Jazeera reporter said.[88]

Al-Jazeera Fabricates Anti-Israel Propaganda

Al-Jazeera has been known to fabricate false reports in order to portray Israel in a negative light. The best known case is its report on the October 17 explosion at the Al-Ahli Arab Hospital in Gaza, which was fabricated in order to incite people in Gaza and the world against Israel, in a way that jeopardizes Israeli diplomatic missions and Jewish communities around the globe. The report on the Al-Jazeera website – which first appeared on October 18 and was updated on November 15 – continues to open with the statement: "Nearly 500 people have been killed in an Israeli air attack on the Al-Ahli Arab Hospital in the besieged Gaza Strip, Palestinian officials have said."[89] This is despite the fact that this account has long been debunked, with independent media outlets and intelligence sources determining that the incident was the result of the misfiring of a rocket by the Palestinian Islamic Jihad – which hit the hospital's parking lot and not the building itself – and that the number of casualties had been greatly inflated.[90]

Al-Jazeera Fabricates Information Designed To Thwart Israel's Instructions To The Gaza Population

Al-Jazeera broadcast footage of bodies of civilians strewn over a road, presenting them as victims of an Israeli attack against people who had abided by the IDF instructions to evacuate to southern Gaza.[91] Israel in fact had secured safe passage to the south for those civilians who wished to go there, while Hamas exerted pressure on them to remain put in order to use civilians as human shields.[92]

Al-Jazeera Silences Criticism of Hamas

Al-Jazeera does not permit the expression of any dissenting view on air. Thus, when interviewees express criticism of Hamas, they are quickly shut down. On rare occasions during live interviews, criticism of Hamas is uttered by Palestinians and the reporter or anchor can be seen trying to cover up or whitewash the exchange.

One such case can be seen in a November 5, 2023 live broadcast from Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital in Deir Al-Balah. An elderly wounded man, interviewed by Al-Jazeera reporter Ashraf Abu Amr, criticized Hamas for hiding among the civilian population, saying "They can go to Hell and hide there..." At that point, Abu Amr cut him off, and the man, in turn, kicked Abu Amr.[93]

Several Arab journalists and activists pointed to this video as evidence of Al-Jazeera's bias. Saudi businessman and online activist Monther Aal Sheikh Mubarak shared the video on his X account and commented: "The Al-Jazeera reporter cut the interview short and walked away, because that is not what the man was supposed [to say]…". Saudi journalist Faisal Ibrahim Alshammeri also commented on the video, saying: "Al-Jazeera trades in the blood of the people of Gaza."[94]

On another occasion, an elderly Palestinian woman, standing outside Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis, said, in response to an Al-Jazeera reporter's assertion that no aid was entering Gaza, that Hamas takes all the aid that is coming into the Gaza Strip for themselves.


Elderly woman complaining on Al-Jazeera that no aid was entering Gaza

In the live December 6 interview, the woman complained: "All the aid goes to [the tunnels] underground. It does not reach all the people." The reporter quickly summed up the interaction by saying: "It seems that the situation is unclear."[95]

During a live Al-Jazeera broadcast from Gaza City on December 2, 2023, the reporter abruptly cut short an interview with a man on the street when the latter began to criticize Qatar and Turkey. When the man said: "May Allah settle the score with Qatar and Turkey…" the reporter reacted by taking the microphone away and pushing him away. The man can still be seen asking to continue the interview, while the reporter turns away from him.[96]


Al-Jazeera reporter abruptly cuts short interview

A further example of Al-Jazeera's efforts to control the narrative can be seen in a November 24 program, in a tense exchange between TV show host Mostafa Ashoor and a caller from Egypt, which ended with Ashoor cutting off the uncompliant caller because he was criticizing Hamas. The caller said that the Gaza Strip was completely destroyed in a worse "Nakba" than that of 1948 or 1967. He accused both Hamas and Israel as being responsible for the destruction, saying that Hamas had started the war by invading Israel on October 7 and causing destruction and killing.

After trying to lead the caller to express more pro-Hamas views, Ashoor cut short the exchange, telling the caller that what he was saying was "unacceptable". "Shame on you," he added.[97]

Arab Journalists And Intellectuals Criticize Al-Jazeera: A Mouthpiece Of The Terrorist Organizations And A Tool Of Iran

While in the West Al-Jazeera is treated as a regular news channel, in the Arab world it is well known that it is a propaganda tool of Qatar and openly serves the interests of the Muslim Brotherhood. Al-Jazeera has been described by Arab journalists and intellectuals as a tool for brainwashing the public in Gaza and the Arab world.

On December 6, 2023, Palestinian journalist Hamid Karman wrote an article in the London-based Emirati daily Al-Arab, in which he wrote that Al-Jazeera "brainwashes the collective Arab mind" with exaggerated claims about Hamas's capabilities and popularity. Karman wrote that Qatar "cultivates this channel and its programs as a tool of soft power in the service of its agendas, which are based on thwarting the Arabs' awareness and understanding. This conforms to the interest of this country, which is to create a power vacuum that it can then fill by means of its political and economic influence over the branches of the Muslim Brotherhood in the Middle East."[98]

Al-Jazeera has been described by Saudi researcher Awwad Al-Qarni as "a mouthpiece of Iran's ayatollahs and of its criminal militias". Al-Qarni asked rhetorically: "What can we expect it to do except spew poison and drive a wedge between Arab states in the service of the Persian plan[?]"[99]

When, in September 2022, widespread protests gained momentum on the streets of Iran after the death of an Iranian woman, Mahsa Amini, who was beaten by Iran's morality police for not wearing a head covering correctly, Iranian intellectuals expressed their disappointment in the coverage – or more precisely, the lack of coverage – in Al-Jazeera. Writing on their social media accounts, they accused the channel of ignoring the protests, abandoning the protesters, and focusing on promoting the Iranian government's official narrative.


Tweet against Al-Jazeera following death of Iranian woman Mahsa Amini

Thus, Nawwaf Al-Sulaiman, the programs manager at Safa TV, tweeted: "I reviewed Al-Jazeera's breaking news account for an entire day and I did not find a single news item about the protests in Iran. What if these protests were in an Arabic country? Al-Jazeera would have published multiple breaking news [bulletins]." Syrian opposition writer Dr. Mahmoud Al-Shami wrote on his Twitter account: "Al-Jazeera reports on everything regarding Iran except the protests and the crackdown by the mullahs' regime in Iran… You used to be highly credible but now your credibility has been lowered." And Kuwaiti writer Ghazi Al-Nazel tweeted: "Where is Al-Jazeera, which has always claimed to be the voice of nations, on what is taking place in Iran? Where is it today on the uprising in Iran? I think Iran is a red line for this channel if the issue is related to the mullahs' regime."[100]

Saudi online activist Mesh'al Al-Khalidi wrote: "The Al-Jazeera channel burnishes [the image] of the militias and terrorist organizations that have waded in Arab blood, describing them as 'Islamic resistance.' We seem to be facing a planned and organized project to burnish the image of Iran's agents and use the Palestinian issue as an excuse to direct accusations of heresy at anyone who exposes the proxies and agents loyal [to Iran].[101]

And Iraqi journalist Sufian Al-Samarrai, the director of the Baghdad Post website, called Al-Jazeera "[the channel of Yousuf] Al-Qaradawi, of [Iranian Supreme Leader Ali] Khamenei, [a channel] that purports to be Islamic." Sharing a picture of Al-Jazeera airing a speech by Hizbullah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah, he wrote: "Al-Jazeera is the platform of all the terrorists who do not have a platform."[102]

In his March 11, 2024 column in the Palestinian Authority daily Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, journalist Bassem Barhoum called Al-Jazeera a populist media network peddling illusions to the Arab public and covering events in a slanted manner while expertly advancing its Islamist agenda and the agenda of extremist terror organizations, including providing their leaders with a platform. This, he underlined, contributed to the disintegration of nation-states like Syria, Iraq, and Libya and the rise to power of MB parties in the Arab Spring revolutions against the people's wishes for democracy and liberalism.

In the Palestinian context, Barhoum wrote, Al-Jazeera has deepened the internal schism and strengthened Hamas, and today it supports Hamas via its extensive and deeply biased coverage of the Gaza war. This, he said does not serve the Palestinians at all.

In an earlier article, published in July 2023, Barhoum had criticized Al-Jazeera as an MB "propaganda machine" aimed at promoting Hamas as an alternative to the Palestinian Authority.[103]

Conclusion

As shown in this report, the Al-Jazeera media network is used by the Qatari regime – alongside its vast financial resources – as a tool and a weapon to promote its Wahhabi Islamist ideology and the political and military agenda of Qatar’s Islamist allies. The distribution of its media content, free of charge in the Arab and Muslim world as well as throughout the West, ensures that its toxic message will reach the broadest audience possible and that its undeserved image is one of a legitimate mass media outlet.

This report has demonstrated how Qatar's policies are implemented through Al-Jazeera, with the Israel-Hamas war as a case in point. In October 2023, the Israeli government passed emergency wartime regulations to revoke the license of any broadcaster that jeopardizes Israel's national security, and indeed, the Hizbullah-affiliated Al-Mayadeen TV was shuttered following this ban. With regard to Al-Jazeera, however, PM Benjamin Netanyahu blocked the move to close the channel down,[104] and thus, it continues to operate freely within Israel in times of war.

Why is this? It has been suggested that PM Netanyahu allows Al-Jazeera to continue its operation in order to avoid a clash with the Qatari regime, due to the latter's role in the hostage negotiations. This is patently false. For one thing, the previous deals in which Qatar was involved, supposedly as a mediator, while successful in securing the release of only some of the hostages, also tangibly benefited Hamas by securing its demands – a temporary pause in the fighting and the release of convicted terrorists.

For another, among those killed in the October 7 terror attack are 32 American citizens, and eight Americans still remain hostage in Gaza. Given the fact that Qatar owes its very existence to the U.S., due to the location of the CENTCOM base there, one would expect Qatar to exert pressure on Hamas to release, at the very least, the Americans. This has not happened: Qatar insists that its role is not to pressure any party.[105]

Therefore, the claim that Israel should avoid a clash with Qatar in order to obtain a hostage deal is false. The opposite is true: exerting pressure on Qatar is what will help. A temporary ban on Al-Jazeera's operations in Israel is thus vital in order to secure a new hostage deal and save lives. Unfortunately, PM Netanyahu refrains from doing this, for reasons known only to him.

*Yigal Carmon is President and Founder of MEMRI.

 

[1] The compilation also includes translations from the media and analysis papers. The video clips, translations and analyses focus on several topics: Sheikh Al-Qaradhawi, the Al-Jazeera network, other Qatari media; Qatar and terrorism; Qatari officials; Qatari Islamic scholars; and Qatari academics and cultural figures.

[3] In December 2022, the European parliament stripped the Greek MEP Eva Kaili of her position as vice president of the assembly over accusations that she had accepted bribes from Qatar. In the course of the investigation, the police found millions of dollars involved in the bribery scheme. See "The Qatargate Files", Politico, https://www.politico.eu/european-parliament-qatargate-corruption-scandal-updates/

[4] On January 2, 2024, Senator Bob Menendez of New Jersey, former head of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, was charged with using his influence to aid the Qatari government. He is accused of exploiting his Senate office to aid a prominent New Jersey developer in securing financial backing from an investment fund run by a Qatari sheikh in exchange for lucrative bribes. See Tully, T., Weiser, B. and Fandos, N., Menendez Faces a New Accusation: Aiding the Qatari Government, The New York Times, January 2, 2024.

[5] In 2013, Qatar made a $14.8 million four-year donation to Brookings Institute, which helped fund a Brookings affiliate in Qatar and a project on U.S. relations with the Islamic world. See Lipton, E., Williams, B. and Confessore, N., Foreign Powers Buy Influence At Think Tanks, The New York Times, September 6, 2014. In 2022, another scandal erupted when John R. Allen, the retired four-star general who once commanded U.S. troops in Afghanistan, resigned as president of the Brookings Institute, after a court filing revealed evidence that he had allegedly secretly lobbied for Qatar. See Kirkpatrick, D.D., John R. Allen Resigns as Brookings President After Qatar Revelations, The New York Times, June 12, 2022.

[6] This extensive financing goes a long way to explaining the widespread pro-Hamas and anti-Israel demonstrations in many U.S. campuses, not to mention some cases of harassment of Jewish students, following Israel's response to the October 7, 2023 terror attack.

[7] According to Richard Goldberg, a Northwestern University graduate who worked for the National Security Council during the Trump administration, "Northwestern plays a major role in Qatar’s malign influence activities… [stirring] up anti-Israel sentiment on campus." See Weinthal, B., Texas A&M Potentially Compromised US Nuclear Security, Pulls Plug On Doha Campus, The Jerusalem Post, February 10, 2024.

[8] The Texas A&M University System recently decided to terminate the partnership and close down its campus in Doha as of 2028 after U.S. officials were urged to investigate the Texas A&M partnership with Qatar because of alleged threats to American security over Qatar’s access to sensitive nuclear and weapons information. See ibid.

[10] MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 10327, November 18, 2022. A few hours before the opening ceremony of the World Cup, it emerged that India's radical Islamist preacher Dr. Zakir Naik had arrived in the Qatari capital to deliver proselytizing "religious lectures." See MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 10331, November 21, 2022, Qatar Welcomes India's Wanted Radical Islamist Preacher Dr. Zakir Naik At FIFA World Cup, Taking Advantage Of Tournament To Proselytize For Islam. Dr. Naik is known for his antisemitic, homophobic and Jihad-justifying rhetoric.

[12] For years the future mastermind of 9/11, Khaled Sheikh Muhammad (KSM) orchestrated terrorist attacks worldwide, operating from Qatar and on behalf of its regime – and in particular on behalf of Qatar's strongman Abdallah bin Khalid Aal Thani, Minister of Religious Endowments. For years, the U.S. intelligence and counter-terrorism agencies knew of the activities of both individuals (as later transpired from TV interviews; see Road to Manhattan: Sky News Arabia Documentary on Qatar Links to Terror), but did not stop them. When the FBI finally came to arrest KSM, informing only the Qatari Emir, KSM disappeared within hours. This was recounted by Richard A. Clarke, former advisor on countering terrorism to Presidents Clinton and Bush. See Richard A. Clarke, We Always Knew Qatar Was Trouble, As The 1990s Escape Of Terror Mastermind Khalid Sheikh Muhammad Showed, New York Daily News, April 7, 2017, cited in MEMRI Daily Brief No. 546, November 21, 2023, by Carmon, Y., How To Rescue All The Hostages Quickly – And Protect The West From The Islamic Terrorism Of The Crime Family That Rules Qatar.

[13] In 2017, for example, it was reported that Qatari Prime Minister Abdullah Bin Nasser Bin Khalifa Aal Thani attended the wedding of the son of Qatari terrorist Abd Al-Rahman Bin 'Umayr Al-Jabbar Al-Nu'aymi, who was sanctioned by the U.S., the U.N. Security Council, and the U.K. as a major financer of Al-Qaeda. See MEMRI SD 7449, April 30, 2018, The Qatari Regime's Doublespeak: Condemnations Of Terrorism vs Social And Official Support For Terrorists.

[15] On Qatar's long-standing relationship with the Taliban, see MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1530, September 11, 2020, by Ahmad, T., From The MEMRI Archives: Qatar's Role In 9/11 And Hosting Jihadi Commanders; Afghan Taliban's Hideouts Move To Safe Haven Of Doha

[16] Following the U.S. and U.K. bombings of the Houthis aimed at ensuring free passage in the Red Sea, Qatar recently moved to defend the Houthis from these bombings by pausing shipments of LNG through the Red Sea to Europe – a move that will inevitably lead to a rise in the price of oil in the West and exert pressure on the U.S. and U.K to stop the bombing. See Carmon, Y., MEMRI Daily Brief 563, January 16, 2024, Why Do The U.S. And Israel Tolerate Qatar's Blatant Anti-U.S. And Anti-Israel Policies? Qatar's anti-American policies even extend to support of China against Taiwan; see MEMRI SD 11095, January 24, 2024, Chinese Media Outlet 81.cn: "Taiwan Independence And Peace In The Taiwan Strait Are Incompatible"; "China Will Realize Reunification, And This Is Unstoppable".

[17] See, for example, MEMRI TV No. 2005, January 28, 2009, Sheik Yousuf Al-Qaradhawi: Allah Imposed Hitler upon the Jews to Punish Them – "Allah Willing, the Next Time Will Be at the Hand of the Believers". See also Fernandez, A.M. and Feldner, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1527, August 12, 2020, Al-Jazeera Unmasked: Political Islam As A Media Arm Of The Qatari State. For more on Sheikh Al-Qaradhawi, see MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1652, October 3, 2022 by Fernandez, A.M., Al-Qaradawi: Qatar's Islamist Empire Builder and an extensive compilation of MEMRI TV clips on Al-Qaradhawi in Appendix.

[20] He criticized the Saudi king for aligning with the U.S. and called President Trump a dayyouth, an Arabic word denoting a pimp. MEMRI TV No. 6516, September 19, 2017, Oman Deports Indian Cleric Salman Al-Nadwi to Qatar after He Lambasted Saudi King and U.S. President.

[22] In a conversation with then Libyan Leader Mu'ammar Al-Qadhafi, former Qatari Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani acknowledged that Al-Jazeera TV was controlled by the Muslim Brotherhood. See MEMRI TV #10766, reposted on June 26, 2020. Former Emir of Qatar Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani Calls Obama a "Slave," Condoleezza Rice, a "Black Women," Says Imam Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab Was His Forefather in Recorded Conversation with Al-Qadhafi (Archival).

[23] After the October 7, 2023 terror attack, when it came to light that Israel had endorsed and aided the Qatari funding of Hamas, PM Netanyahu claimed that he had done this in order "to prevent a humanitarian disaster" in Gaza – a claim that had no basis in reality. For counter-evidence to the accusations that Gaza had long been suffering from a humanitarian crisis, see Carmon, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis 1742, January 12, 2024, Parts I–IV: The Face Of The "Suffocating Occupation," "Humanitarian Disaster," "Concentration Camp," And "Prison Camp" Of Pre-War Gaza – In Pictures And Data (An Answer To António Guterres, Benjamin Netanyahu, Norman Finkelstein, David Cameron, Ron Paul, And Patrick Buchanan).

[24] Ros-Lehtinen, I. (Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP on behalf of the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates), July 6, 2020, Report Concerning Qatar's Al Jazeera Media Network & The Foreign Agents Registration Act, Section VIB: Qatar Uses Al Jazeera to Promote Hamas.

[29] See, for example, MEMRI TV # 2005, January 28, 2009, Sheik Yousuf Al-Qaradhawi: Allah Imposed Hitler upon the Jews to Punish Them – "Allah Willing, the Next Time Will Be at the Hand of the Believers". For more on Sheikh Al-Qaradhawi and his antisemitism, see MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1652, October 3, 2022 by Fernandez, A.M., Al-Qaradawi: Qatar's Islamist Empire Builder. See also an extensive compilation of MEMRI TV clips on Al-Qaradhawi in Appendix.

[30] MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1634, April 28, 2022, by Harel, Z., Antisemitism, Holocaust Denial In Qatari Press

[32] Fernandez, A.M. and Feldner, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1527, August 12, 2020, Al-Jazeera Unmasked: Political Islam As A Media Arm Of The Qatari State.

[33] https://www.aljazeera.com/about-us (accessed February 29, 2024).

[34] For a compilation of MEMRI TV translations of clips from Al-Jazeera in Arabic, see Appendix.

[35] Another channel, Al-Jazeera America, opened in 2013 but closed in 2016. Fernandez, A.M. and Feldner, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1527, August 12, 2020, Al-Jazeera Unmasked: Political Islam As A Media Arm Of The Qatari State.

[36] Ros-Lehtinen, I. (Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP on behalf of the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates), July 6, 2020, Report Concerning Qatar's Al Jazeera Media Network & The Foreign Agents Registration Act, p. 12.

[37] See Weinthal, B., Texas A&M Potentially Compromised US Nuclear Security, Pulls Plug On Doha Campus, The Jerusalem Post, February 10, 2024

[38] Ros-Lehtinen, I. (Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP on behalf of the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates), July 6, 2020, Report Concerning Qatar's Al Jazeera Media Network & The Foreign Agents Registration Act, p. 3.

[39] MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1109, August 6, 2014, by Yehoshua, Y., Chernitsky, B. and Graff, Y., Al-Jazeera TV Journalists Use Their Facebook, Twitter Accounts As Propaganda Mouthpieces In Service Of Hamas.

[40] Ros-Lehtinen, I. (Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP on behalf of the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates), July 6, 2020, Report Concerning Qatar's Al Jazeera Media Network & The Foreign Agents Registration Act, p. 18. She was citing Arlidge, J., Is This the End of Al Jazeera? Evening Standard, June 22, 2017.

[42] BBC TV, HARDtalk with Acting Director General, Al Jazeera Media Network – Mostefa Souag, August 16, 2017 (accessed on February 1, 2024). In a September 4, 2015 interview with University of Missouri School of Journalism's Global Journalist Online, he refused to reveal the size of the Al-Jazeera budget, but acknowledged that "the money comes from the Qatari government. It's true." See Fernandez, A.M. and Feldner, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1527, August 12, 2020, Al-Jazeera Unmasked: Political Islam As A Media Arm Of The Qatari State.

[43] He was speaking at the National Press Club on October 2, 2018. In his speech, Souag described the process within Jazeera in which the budget is planned, before being referred for approval by the Qatari Finance Minister. Fernandez, A.M. and Feldner, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1527, August 12, 2020, Al-Jazeera Unmasked: Political Islam As A Media Arm Of The Qatari State.

[44] Ros-Lehtinen, I. (Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP on behalf of the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates), July 6, 2020, Report Concerning Qatar's Al Jazeera Media Network & The Foreign Agents Registration Act, pp. 24–25.

[45] Fernandez, A.M. and Feldner, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1527, August 12, 2020, Al-Jazeera Unmasked: Political Islam As A Media Arm Of The Qatari State.

[46] For Al-Jazeera's attitude toward the UAE, see MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 10228, September 26, 2022, Al-Jazeera Presenter Recirculates Virulent Article Against UAE: It Is A Jewish Settlement In The Region Aimed At Plotting Against Arab World

[47] Arlidge, J., Is This the End of Al Jazeera? Evening Standard, June 22, 2017.

[48] Tracy, M. and Jakes, L., U.S. Orders Al Jazeera Affiliate to Register as Foreign Agent, The New York Times, last updated Oct. 30, 2020 (accessed on February 1, 2024).

[49] Ros-Lehtinen, I. (Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP on behalf of the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates), July 6, 2020, Report Concerning Qatar's Al Jazeera Media Network & The Foreign Agents Registration Act.

[50] In a February 2, 2023 letter to the Congress by Representatives Jack Berman, Alex X. Mooney and Michael Waltz.

[51] In February 2024, Rep. James Comer, Chairman of the House of Representatives' Oversight and Accountability Committee, opened a probe into the failure of the Department of Justice to enforce FARA requirements on Al Jazeera. See https://twitter.com/EFischberger/status/1759644179880149103?t=cBO7w_EY3tyQIdpHaOlh4A&s=19

[52] According to a letter written by three Congress members calling to suspend the credentials of Al-Jazeera journalists until their employer registers under FARA as an agent of the State of Qatar. See https://www.politico.com/f/?id=00000186-149d-d453-a38e-76dff17c0000. By way of context, The New York Times has 82 credentialed employees.

[54] Ibid.

[55] Ibid.

[56] In the TV debate, which aired in 2014 on Al-Jazeera's "Opposite Direction" program, Islamic scholar Hussein Muhammad Hussein said that Jihad is a duty carried out by the Caliphate and that all the Arab peoples yearn for the rule of Islamic law. MEMRI TV #4585, November 4, 2014, Islamic Scholar Pledges Allegiance to ISIS Emir Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi Live on Al-Jazeera TV.

[58] See also Fernandez, A.M. and Feldner, Y., MEMRI Inquiry & Analysis No. 1527, August 12, 2020, Al-Jazeera Unmasked: Political Islam As A Media Arm Of The Qatari State.

[63] For additional MEMRI TV clips expressing support for terrorist acts, see Appendix.

[66] Speaking at a press conference on August 7, 2022 in Tehran, Nakhalah said: "…I would like to salute Al-Jazeera, as well as all the TV channels, but especially Al-Jazeera, that broadcast live from Palestine throughout the days of the war, and it covered the news in detail, hour by hour, and minute by minute, and therefore I salute them." See MEMRI TV #9735, August 7, 2022, Palestinian Islamic Jihad Leader Ziyad Nakhalah In Tehran Press Conference: The Enemy Has Conceded To Our Demand To Release The Two PIJ Leaders; I Salute Al-Jazeera For Its Coverage Of The War.

[73] On November 3 and 10, televised speeches by Hizbullah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah were delivered live to crowds of his supporters and aired by Al-Jazeera, as well as other TV channels. See, e.g., MEMRI TV No. 10605, November 3, 2023, Hizbullah Leader Hassan Nasrallah: The Israel-Gaza War Is 100% Palestinian And Had Nothing To Do With Regional Issues; We Have Already Been Fighting Israel Since October 8; Israel, Not Hamas, Massacred Israeli Civilians.

[74] On November 4, Yahya Sare'e, Spokesman of the Houthi-Yemen military forces delivered an address on Al-Jazeera TV in which he threatened that the Houthis would target Israeli ships in the Red Sea. MEMRI TV No. 10644, November 16, 2023, Spokesman Of The Houthi-Yemen Military Forces Yahya Sare'e Announces: Our Military Forces Will Not Hesitate To Target Any Israeli Ship In The Red Sea. Two weeks later, on November 19, a tanker partly owned by an Israeli businessman was hijacked, in the first Houthi attack on shipping in the Red Sea in this round of fighting.

[80] For example, on October 30, Al-Jazeera broadcast a video showing hostages Yelena Tropanov, Danielle Aloni and Rimon Kirsht.

[81] MEMRI TV No. 10508, October 9, 2023, Hamas's Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades Spokesman Abu Ubaida On Al-Jazeera: "We Will Execute An Enemy Civilian Hostage For Every Attack Without Warning Against Our Peaceful People – And We Will Air Footage Of The Execution". It is not clear from where Abu Ubaida is broadcasting. The quality of the broadcasts and the lack of footage from Gaza suggests that he may be broadcasting from Al-Jazeera's studio in Doha.

[82] On October 12, Al-Jazeera broadcast an audio message by Abu Hamza, in which he threatened attacks in the West Bank, in Israel within the pre-1967 borders, and beyond. MEMRI TV No. 10519, October 12, 2023, Spokesman For The Palestinian Islamic Jihad Military Wing Warns Of Further Attacks In Israel And Abroad: The Zionists Do Not Know What We Have Prepared For Them – What You Saw In The Gaza Envelope You Will See In Other Places.

[83] For example, Al-Jazeera footage of an Al-Quds Brigade sniper killing an IDF soldier.

[84] See, for example, footage taken in Khan Younis and posted on the Al-Jazeera Arabic website.

[85] See, for example, footage of Al-Quds Brigades launching Grad rockets towards Israel.

[87] Al-Jazeera Arabic airs a daily program titled "Qira'a Askaria" ("Military Analysis") with its leading military commentator, the Jordanian General Faiz Al-Duweiri. In it he analyzes the tactics of IDF commando troops, broadcasts aerial photographs, and shows IDF tanks and other armored vehicles, recommending methods of attack.

[89] Al-Jazeera English website, October 18, 2023, updated on November 15, 2023, What We Know So Far About The Deadly Strike On A Gaza Hospital (accessed on February 1, 2024).

[92] The IDF exhorted the civilian population to move southward, spreading pamphlets, using loudspeakers, and making tens of thousands of phone calls to Gaza residents. In one of these phone calls, the IDF officer was told that Hamas militants were preventing them from leaving their homes, were blocking the main Salah Al-Din highway leading to the south, and were even opening fire on Gaza residents who were trying to leave.

[94] MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 10974, November 22, 2023, Arab Journalists: Al-Jazeera Is A Mouthpiece Of The Terrorist Organizations.

[99] Twitter.com/AlqarniAwwad on October 30, 2023, cited in MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 10974, November 22, 2023, Arab Journalists: Al-Jazeera Is A Mouthpiece Of The Terrorist Organizations.

[101] Twitter.com/meshaluk, November 3, 2023, cited in MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 10974, November 22, 2023, Arab Journalists: Al-Jazeera Is A Mouthpiece Of The Terrorist Organizations.

[102] Twitter.com/SufianSamarrai, November 3, 2023, cited in MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 10974, November 22, 2023, Arab Journalists: Al-Jazeera Is A Mouthpiece Of The Terrorist Organizations.

[104] "Report: Netanyahu Delaying Move To Temporarily Shutter Al Jazeera In Israel", Times of Israel, https://www.timesofisrael.com/liveblog_entry/report-netanyahu-delaying-move-to-temporarily-shutter-al-jazeera-in-israel/, October 26, 2023.

[105] For Qatari PM and FM Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al-Thani's remarks to the Atlantic Council on January 29, see Qatar’s Prime Minister On Regional De-escalation, War In Gaza, And US-Qatar Relations.

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