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January 2, 2020 Special Dispatch No. 8454

Turkish Parliament Approves Sending Of Troops To Libya, AKP Official Celebrates: 'Libya Will Be The 13th Country' To Which Turkey Has Sent Troops

January 2, 2020
Libya, Turkey | Special Dispatch No. 8454
On January 2, 2020, Turkish parliament approved, by a vote of 325 in favor and 184 opposed, a bill granting the government, for a period of one year, authority to send soldiers to Libya.[1] Bülent Turan, member of parliament and vice president of the AKP parliamentary group, celebrated in advance of the decision on December 31, 2019: "Turkey is not embarking on an adventure in Libya. Turkey is doing what is necessary to be a great state. Our intention is not to rob anyone of their right in the Mediterannean Sea; we are protecting our rights... Also, Turkey is not sending soldiers to another country for the first time. Libya will be the 13th country."[2] A 2017 report by professional services network PricewaterhouseCoopers said: "Since 2014, Turkey increased its percentage of armed forces deployed from 8.6 percent to 13.2 percent, giving Turkey the world's second highest proportion of deployed forces behind the United States."[3] Turkish troops are stationed in at least 12 countries, not including Libya. This map does not mark Lebanon or the Democratic Republic of the Congo, countries where Turkish troops are reportedly stationed (source. Ntv.com.tr). Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu wrote on January 2, 2020, after the bill was approved: "The Libya bill is important for protecting the interests of our country and for the peace and stability of the region."[4] Turkish media reported that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and U.S. President Donald Trump had spoken about Libya, Syria, and other matters on the phone minutes after it was announced that parliament had approved the bill.[5] On the day, over 100 Twitter users demonstrated their opposition to the bill on Twitter using the hashtag "#NoToTheBill."[6] Turkey Has Deployed Troops To At Least Seven Countries, Outside Of Its Deployments In Cooperation With NATO And The UN A December 27, 2019 article in the Turkish daily Yurt listed six countries hosting Turkish military bases: Syria, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Somalia, Qatar, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is recognized only by the government of Turkey. It then listed 12 other countries to which Turkish forces are currently deployed as well as the number of personnel in each country. The article described the seven countries to which Turkey has sent troops outside of its deployments in cooperation with NATO and the UN: "There are approximately 40,000 military personnel in the Security Forces Command located in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus... There are 2,000 soldiers in Somalia. Turkey's largest foreign military base is in Somalia. The Somalia School Of Warfare and Non-Commissioned Officers School, located in Mogadishu and built by Turkey, went into operation in 2017... Twelve observation points belonging to the Turkish Armed Forces have been formed in Syria and there are 5,000 Turkish Armed Forces personnel deployed there... There are approximately 2,500 military personnel deployed in Northern Iraq at 10 different regional outposts and Turkey's Bashiqa Camp... There are about 100 Turkish soldiers as well as the Azerbaijan Military High School [in Azerbaijan]... As part of the peacekeeping operation there resulting from an election in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Turkish Armed Forces are providing one C-130 military transport plane and 17 military personnel... The presence of the Turkish Armed Forces in Libya is a subject of debate... There are 300 soldiers in Qatar. At Qatar's request, there is a Turkish military base in this country as well as combat forces. Up until now approximately 300 soldiers have been deployed to the Al-Rayyan base, which has a capacity of 4,000 soldiers" (see MEMRI Inquiry Analysis Series No. 1482 Turkey-Qatar Relations: From Bilateral Ties To A Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, November 12, 2019). The article did not mention Sudan's Suakin Island, the site of a 19th century Ottoman military base, about which there have been conflicting reports. Some reports have said that a agreement was made in December 2017 between Turkey and Sudan under which Suakin Island was to be leased to Turkey for 99 years for the restoration of Ottoman historical sites on the island. Other reports said that the agreement had been for military purposes, a claim that the Turkish government denies, and that the agreement was cancelled after Sudan's former President Omar Al-Bashir was removed from power in 2019. It was reported in Novembr 2018 that Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar had visited the island to inspect the Turkish government's restoration of historical sites there, and that in July 2019, Sudan's former international cooperation minister Idris Suleiman said that the agreement "was not between Erdoğan and Al-Bashir, but an agreement between two states," and that it would not be cancelled under the new administration.[7] Turkey Has Deployed Troops To At Least Five Countries As Part Of Its Deployments In Cooperation With NATO And The UN Describing Turkish troops deployed around the world as part of cooperation with NATO and the UN, among others, the report said: "There are 250 soldiers in Bosnia-Herzegovina. There are Turkish soldiers there within the scope of NATO and European Force (EUFOR). The Turkish military presence in the country comprises a mechanized infantry company and liaison/observation teams... There are 400 soldiers in Kosovo. There are Turkish soldiers there within the scope of NATO and European Force (EUFOR). The Turkish military presence in the country comprises a mechanized infantry company and liaison/observation teams... There are 24 soldiers in Albania. The Turkish Navy has its Paşalimanı Naval Base on the shore of the Adriatic Sea and there are Turkish soldiers there as observers. As part of Turkey's NATO Duty Force, the Turkish ships Sokullu Mehmet Paşa and Akçakoca are located in Vlora, Albania's second-largest port city... Turkey is supporting the United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon with 100 personnel from the Turkish Armed Forces... Turkey has approximately 2,000 soldiers in a multi-national brigade in Afghanistan." The article closed by saying: "It is estimated that about 50,000 Turkish soldiers are deployed abroad."[8]   [1] Aksam.com.tr/guncel/libya-tezkeresi-nedir-libya-tezkeresi-son-dakika-oylama-sonucu-belli-oldu-mu/haber-1034755, January 2, 2020. [2] Tarafsizhaberajansi.com/2019/12/31/ak-partili-turan-turkiye-libyada-bir-maceraya-atilmiyor, December 31, 2019. [3] Pwc.com/gx/en/government-public-sector-research/pdf/global-defense-perspectives-2017.pdf, November 2017. [4] Twitter.com/MevlutCavusoglu/status/1212754319847636994, January 2, 2020. [5] Ntv.com.tr/dunya/cumhurbaskani-erdogan-abd-baskani-trump-ile-gorustu,7ort9MU6OEyMdk4kZg9Ulg, January 2, 2019. [6] Twitter.com/search?q=%23tezkereyehayir&src=typed_query, accessed January 2, 2020. [7] Sabah.com.tr/galeri/turkiye/hulusi-akar-sevakin-adasinda, November 7, 2018; Yenisafak.com/gundem/turkiye-dusmanlari-sevakin-yalanina-sarildi-3468282, April 27, 2019; Tr.euronews.com/2019/04/11/turkiyenin-askeri-darbeyle-yonetimin-degistigi-sudanla-yaptigi-anlasmalar-neler-sevakin, April 11, 2019; Dailysabah.com/diplomacy/2019/04/26/turkey-to-remain-on-sudans-suakin-island-for-civilian-purposes, April 26, 2019; Yeniakit.com.tr/haber/sevakin-adasi-ile-ilgili-flas-gelisme-bu-erdogan-besir-anlasmasi-degil-824630.html, July 3, 2019. [8] Yurtgazetesi.com.tr/dunya/turkiyenin-hangi-ulkelerde-askeri-usleri-var-ve-sayilari-ne-kadar-h148018.html, December 27, 2019.  

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Afghan Taliban Spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid: 'The Islamic Emirate Has No Intention Of Declaring A Ceasefire'

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January 2, 2020
The following report is now a complimentary offering from MEMRI's Jihad and Terrorism Threat Monitor (JTTM). For JTTM subscription information, click here. On December 30, 2019, Associated Press (AP) reported that 5,000 Taliban prisoners will be freed as part of a deal between the U.S. and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (the Taliban organization).[1] The AP report, quoting a Taliban official familiar with the U.S.-Taliban talks in Qatar, states that the release of the Taliban prisoners "has been written in to the peace agreement," which is to be signed sometime soon.[2] Other media reports indicated during the closing week of 2019 that some Taliban leaders had agreed, during the talks in Qatar, to "a short-term ceasefire."[3] However, according to Sayed Akbar Agha, a former Taliban commander: "The ceasefire has two components: The first component is to announce a ceasefire before signing an agreement with the U.S. The second part is about a nationwide agreement both with Afghans and the foreigners. I think the Taliban have not agreed on the first component."[4] On December 30, 2019, Zabihullah Mujahid, the Taliban spokesman, dismissed reports about any ceasefire having been agreed to by the Taliban during the Qatar talks, stating in a post on JustPaste.it[5] that he also shared via Twitter:[6]  "For the past few days, a number of media outlets have been publishing false and baseless reports about a ceasefire by the Islamic Emirate. Propaganda by some outlets has even reached heights of supposed schism within the Islamic Emirate on the issue of a ceasefire. "The reality of the situation is that the Islamic Emirate has no intention of declaring a ceasefire. The United States has asked for a reduction in the scale and intensity of violence and discussions being held by the Islamic Emirate are revolving solely around this specific issue. "The leader of the Islamic Emirate has not yet issued a final decree and neither is there any differences within the Islamic Emirate related to this issue. It is hoped that our compatriots pay no heed to the malicious reports being propagated by the enemy media. Some intelligence circles are utilizing the media in an effort to generate anxiety, false optimism and sabotage the ongoing negotiations process through the dissemination of misleading information. "The Islamic Emirate will take every necessary and appropriate step that ensures the higher interests and jihadi aspirations of our homeland in the light of Islamic Shari'a in both the military and political fronts, Allah willing. The Islamic Emirate shall keep its nation informed of any progress through its official channels."   [1] Khaama.com (Afghanistan), December 30, 2019. [2] Khaama.com (Afghanistan), December 30, 2019. [3] Khaama.com (Afghanistan), December 27, 2019. [4] Khaama.com (Afghanistan), December 27, 2019. [5] Justpaste.it/5fkzg, December 30, 2019. [6] Twitter.com/Zabehulah_M33, December 30, 2019.

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The Cyber & Jihad Lab monitors, tracks, translates, researches, and analyzes cyber jihad originating from the Middle East, Iran, South Asia, and North and West Africa. It innovates and experiments with possible solutions for stopping cyber jihad, advancing legislation and initiatives federally – including with Capitol Hill and attorneys-general – and on the state level, to draft and enforce measures that will serve as precedents for further action. It works with leaders in business, law enforcement, academia, and families of terror victims to craft and support efforts and solutions to combat cyber jihad, and recruits, and works with technology industry leaders to craft and support efforts and solutions.

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January 2, 2020 Special Announcements No. 857

The MEMRI Weekly: December 27, 2019 - January 3, 2020

January 2, 2020
Special Announcements No. 857
The following are links to reports from MEMRI's Special Dispatch Series and Inquiry and Analysis Series, as well as to transcripts from the MEMRI TV Project, released during the past week. *MEMRI REPORTS Special Dispatch No. 8457 – Archival: IRGC Qods Force Commander Soleimani: 'War Is A Grand School For Love, Morals, [And] Loyalty', January 3, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8456 – Archival: Iranian Campaign Touts IRGC Qods Force Commander Qassem Soleimani As 'Savior Of Iraq'; Soleimani: Iran Has Thousands Of Organizations Like Hizbullah; I Pray To Die A Martyr, January 3, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8455 – Iraqi Media To The Iran-Backed PMU: The U.S. Informed The Iraqi Prime Minister Of The Coming Airstrike, And He Informed You, Yet You Did Not Evacuate, January 2, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8454 – Turkish Parliament Approves Sending Of Troops To Libya, AKP Official Celebrates: 'Libya Will Be The 13th Country' To Which Turkey Has Sent Troops, January 2, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8453 – Russia Vs. Turkey In Libya – Part II – Russian Ambassador To Turkey Aleksei Erkhov Replies To Turkish Expert Hakki Ocal: How Come Only Sarraj Is Legitimate? Just Because Some Have Staked Support For Him, While Others Have Not?, January 2, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8452 – Iranian Leader Khamenei In Response To Trump's Statements Blaming Iran For The Conflagration In Iraq: We Will Deal An Indiscriminate Blow To Anyone Who Threatens Us, January 1, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8451 – Reactions To Attack On U.S. Embassy – PMU Leader: 'The Siege Of The U.S. Embassy In Tehran Back In 1979 Extends To Today's Siege Of The Embassy In Baghdad', December 31, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8450 – Renowned French Philosopher Bernard-Henri Levy Tours Nigeria, Describes 'Massacre Of Christians, Massive In Scale And Horrific In Brutality' Underway, Mentions Turkish Presence And Qatari Influence, December 31, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8449 – Russia vs Turkey In Libya – Part I – Turkish Expert Hakki Ocal: 'Why On Earth Would You Support Haftar, Comrade Putin?', December 31, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8448 – Higher Secondary School In Pakistan's Abbottabad City Under Fire For Allowing Israeli Flag At A United Nations Model Conference, December 31, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8447 – Reactions In Iraq To The Recent Violent Conflagration – Hizbullah Brigades: 'Trump Will Pay A Heavy Price In Iraq And In The Other Countries Where His Criminal Forces Are Found'; U.S. Bases Will Be Crushed, December 30, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8446 – Yeni Şafak Editor In Chief: UAE's Crown Prince Ordered The Attack In Somalia 'Right When Turkey Is Preparing For A Military Operation In Libya'; 'Our Biggest Embassy Building And Military Base In The World Are' In Somalia, December 30, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8445 – 'National Socialist Black Metal' Music Available On Telegram, Last.Fm, VK, Facebook, iTunes, SoundCloud, Spotify, Bitchute, YouTube, December 30, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8444 – Former Director Of Qatari Charity Foundation: Participating In Christmas Or New Year Celebrations Is A Crime Against Islam, December 30, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8443 – In Interview, Russian Deputy Minister Of Defense Alexei Krivoruchko Takes Pride In Superiority And Cost Effectiveness Of Russian Weapons, December 30, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8442 – Sec.-Gen. Of Jordan's Royal Committee For Jerusalem Affairs: Hanukkah Rituals Are A Direct Threat To Al-Aqsa, December 29, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8441 – Russia This Week – Focus On Russia’s Bilateral Relations – December 29, 2019, December 29, 2019   *MEMRI TV MONITOR PROJECT MEMRI TV Clip No. 7690 – IRGC Spokesman Gen. Sharif Bursts Into Tears, Adds: Before Long, The Joy Of The Americans And Zionists Over The Killing Of Soleimani Will Turn Into Grief, IRINN TV (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7689 – Worshippers Burst Into Tears When News Breaks Of Soleimani Killing; Preacher: He Was An Agent Of Unity Between Muslims And Jews, Channel 1 (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7688 – Iranian TV Announcement About U.S. Killing Of IRGC Quds Force Commander Qasem Soleimani: He Met His Creator With Gratitude For Years Of Jihad, IRINN TV (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7687 – Al-Jazeera Report On Aftermath Of Riots At U.S. Embassy In Baghdad: U.S. Troop Increase In Iraq Shows That Trump Administration Does Not Understand That Iraqis Are Angry About American Policies, Al-Jazeera Network (Qatar) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7686 – Tehran Friday Sermon By Ayatollah Mohammad Emami Kashani: If The Americans Re-Elect Trump In 2020, They Will Be Partners To His Crimes And Bloodshed, Channel 1 (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7685 – British-Palestinian Journalist Abdel Bari Atwan Responds To U.S. Airstrike Against Iran-Backed Militias In Iraq: America Has Opened The Gates Of Hell; It Will Miss The Days Of ISIS, Mayadeen TV (Lebanon) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7684 – Russian TV Anchor Dmitry Kiselev Criticizes The West For Failing To Recognize USSR’s Role In Defeating Nazi Germany In WWII,  Russia 1 To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7683 – Iraqi Shiite Militia Leader Qais Khazali Outside Of U.S. Embassy In Baghdad: This Embassy Spies And Schemes Against Iraq, Mayadeen TV (Lebanon) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7682 – Senior Iraqi Shiite Militia Official Sheikh Kazem Al-Fartusi Responds To U.S. Airstrikes Against Iran-Backed Militias In Iraq: Every U.S. Soldier Can Expect To Be Killed, Al-Alam TV (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7681 – Nasser Al-Shammari, Deputy Sec.-Gen. Of Iraqi Hizbullah Al-Nujaba Movement Responds To U.S. Strikes Against Iran-Backed Militias In Iraq: We Have The Right To Target Americans Wherever They May Be Found, Al-Rased TV (Iraq), Mayadeen TV (Lebanon) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7680 – PMU Deputy Chairman Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis: We Will Settle The Score With America; It Will Not Be Able To Sustain Control Of Its Bases In The Region, The Internet To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7679 – Iranian President Rouhani: In This Time Of War, We Cannot Keep Election Promises We Made At Time Of Peace, IRINN TV (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7678 – Saeb Erekat, Sec.-Gen. Of PLO Executive Committee: The ICC Investigation Of Israeli War Crimes Is Comparable To Neil Armstrong’s First Steps On The Moon; Arab Leaders Who Normalize Relations With Israel Are Shamelessly Stabbing Us In The Back, Al-Jazeera Network (Qatar) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7677 – Fmr. Hamas Chief Khaled Mashal On The Role Of Women In Palestinian Society: They Are Martyrdom-Seekers, They Help Martyrdom-Seekers, And They Replace Martyred, Imprisoned, Or Exiled Men,  Al-Jazeera Network (Qatar) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7676 – Former Iranian Ambassador To France Sadegh Kharrazi Criticizes Former President Ahmadinejad’s Statements That Iran Will Wipe Israel Off The Map: Our Political Leaders Should Not Use The Same Rhetoric As Khomeini, Khamenei, Who Are Religious Leaders, IRIB Ofogh TV (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7675 – Russian President Vladimir Putin Criticizes Pro-Hitler Polish Ambassador To Nazi Germany: That Bastard Was An Antisemitic Pig; I Have No Other Words, Russia 24 To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7674 – Rafah Friday Sermon By Sheikh Nael Mossran: Pensacola Shooter Had Acted Out Of Compassion For The Islamic Nation; The Only Way To Stop America’s Crusade Against Islam is Jihad For The Sake of Allah, The Internet To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7673 – Moroccan Businessman Nouraddine Ayouch: “Homosexuals Are Normal People”; This Is Not Against Islam, BBC Arabic (The UK) To read the transcript, click here.      

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Afghan Website: ISIS Fighters Move From Eastern Afghanistan Into Herat Province Along Border With Iran

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January 2, 2020


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The Cyber & Jihad Lab

The Cyber & Jihad Lab monitors, tracks, translates, researches, and analyzes cyber jihad originating from the Middle East, Iran, South Asia, and North and West Africa. It innovates and experiments with possible solutions for stopping cyber jihad, advancing legislation and initiatives federally – including with Capitol Hill and attorneys-general – and on the state level, to draft and enforce measures that will serve as precedents for further action. It works with leaders in business, law enforcement, academia, and families of terror victims to craft and support efforts and solutions to combat cyber jihad, and recruits, and works with technology industry leaders to craft and support efforts and solutions.

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ISIS Claims New Year's Eve Attack That Killed Two Police Officers In Russian Ingushetia

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January 2, 2020


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The Cyber & Jihad Lab

The Cyber & Jihad Lab monitors, tracks, translates, researches, and analyzes cyber jihad originating from the Middle East, Iran, South Asia, and North and West Africa. It innovates and experiments with possible solutions for stopping cyber jihad, advancing legislation and initiatives federally – including with Capitol Hill and attorneys-general – and on the state level, to draft and enforce measures that will serve as precedents for further action. It works with leaders in business, law enforcement, academia, and families of terror victims to craft and support efforts and solutions to combat cyber jihad, and recruits, and works with technology industry leaders to craft and support efforts and solutions.

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January 2, 2020 Inquiry & Analysis Series No. 1494

Amazon Sells And Promotes Antisemitic Literature in French, In Direct Violation Of French Hate Speech Laws

January 2, 2020 | By N. Szerman, P. Lurcat
Inquiry & Analysis Series No. 1494
The following report reviews the sales of antisemitic books in French on Amazon.fr, with a focus on French antisemitic writer Hervé Ryssen. Amazon's platform is available to antisemitic authors writing in many languages, including French. In France, Amazon.fr contravenes the French hate speech laws which aim at protecting individuals and groups from defamation on the grounds of identity. Indeed, Amazon appears to be the largest library of antisemitic books online. Not only does it enable readers from all parts of the world to buy the books, but it also encourages purchases as Christmas gifts during the holiday season, offers free shipping, and in the same way that it routinely offers additional books to its clients based on their preferences, suggests a wide range of additional antisemitic titles, with the caption: "the clients who bought this item also bought [the following items]," followed by a series of antisemitic titles which it offers for sale. Amazon's suggestions for more antisemitic books to buy However, Amazon does not only promote antisemitic books on its own platform. An online reader of a newspaper posting ads might come across an offer to buy antisemitic books if they had at one point showed some interest in them on Amazon. This is the same means Amazon uses to promote ordinary items. Screenshot of Amazon ad for the Protocols of the Elders of Zion appearing while scrolling on mainstream French newspaper site Lefigaro.fr Additionally, Amazon promotes these books with the openly antisemitic text that it adds to describe them. The following are examples of antisemitic books and authors promoted on Amazon.fr. Some books are originally in French and others are French translations of well-known antisemitic works, such as the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. This report provides an overview and is not a comprehensive survey. Hervé Lalin aka Ryssen Depicts Jews As Different From The Rest Of Humankind French writer and ideologue Hervé Lalin, aka "Ryssen," has been convicted In France numerous times of antisemitism and of provoking acts of discrimination. He was convicted in January 2019 for Holocaust denial.[1] Close to French antisemitic ideologue Alain Soral,[2] and to Jerome Bourbon, the editor of the extreme rightwing weekly Rivarol,[3] Ryssen is the author of a dozen books denouncing the "Jewish Mafia,"[4] and the alleged Jewish control of politics, the arts, and the media. Ryssen participated in a "large public meeting" on January 30, 2019, under the banner "Yellow Vests, the Coming Revolution." The meeting was publicized on Alain Soral's conspiracist and antisemitic website, "Equality and Reconciliation." Additional participants slated to be at the meeting who were mentioned in the announcement were Alain Soral himself, Jérôme Bourbon, Elie Hatem from the French far-right monarchist political movement Action Française and Yvan Benedetti (former president of Œuvre Française, a far-right French political movement founded in 1968). These leading figures used the popular French Yellow Vests movement, founded on demands for economic justice, to promote their own agenda, highlighting the Jews as those responsible for the social and economic hardships suffered by the French. Ryssen On YouTube: Incest Is A Jewish Thing And Feminism Was Created By The Jewish Victims Of Incest In his attempt to portray the Jews as loathsome, Ryssen has posted several videos about Jews and their "weird customs," on YouTube and has developed theories about Jews and incest, and about Jews and feminism. He has also linked his two theories, writing that Jewish women created feminism as a form of revenge against their fathers who abused them. On February 16, 2019, Ryssen posted a video titled "The Jews, Incest and Hysteria."[5] As of December 23, 2019, it had been seen 10,626 times, liked 243 times, and disliked only 16 times. The video opens with a sequence showing ultra-Orthodox Jews swaying in prayer or bent over a Talmud. As these images play onscreen, Ryssen elaborates about incest among Jews, which he describes as a common practice in Jewish communities. "Between father and daughter there was true friendship, a kind of mutual understanding. One could feel that the Besht was closer to his daughter than to his wife" – a quote from a book by Elie Wiesel included in Ryssen's video "The Jews, Incest and Hysteria," posted on YouTube. Throughout the video, Ryssen develops his theory that feminism (which he views negatively) was initiated by Jewish women who suffered incest from their fathers, citing several Jewish books and movies as "evidence." According to Ryssen, even 20th century major French feminist author Simone de Beauvoir was "contaminated" by the Jewish victims of incest. The following are several excerpts from Ryssen's argument: "It is unclear to what extent incest is practiced within Jewish families. There are no statistics, but through literature and movies in particular, I was able to realize... that the topic of incest came up very frequently among artists and intellectuals of this [Jewish] community.... Elie Wiesel, the super champion of the Holocaust narrative, had some ambiguous words about incest. In his book Chassidic Celebration – the second volume, published in 1981 – he told about the Besht, the Baal Shem Tov, founder of the Hassidic movement, in Poland, in the 18th century... Let me quote Elie Wiesel: 'Between father and daughter there was true friendship, a kind of mutual understanding. One could feel that the Besht was closer to his daughter than to his wife.'" "... Here can be found the true origin of feminism. Indeed, historically, the feminist movement was launched by Jewish women... but of course, as usual, the gentiles were contaminated, as was Simone de Beauvoir who fulfills the role of the militant goy for a typically Judaic (sic) cause..." Ryssen goes on to point out that French Jewish economist Jacques Attali, French Jewish philosopher Alain Finkielkraut, French Jewish philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy and "a very well-known [Jewish] American," author Philip Roth, have elaborated about incest in their works: "The influential Jacques Attali mentioned this question [of incest between mother and son] in several of his books – at least four of them.... we also found clear hints to physical incest in other well-known authors such as Alain Finkielkraut for example, who raised the issue in his book The Imaginary Jew [Le Juif Imaginaire] in 1980; Bernard-Henry Lévy speaks about it in his novel The Devil in Mind [Le Diable En Tête] in 1984, and Philip Roth, a very famous American, in Portnoy's Complaint..." Ryssen writes that when the Jews do not mention incest directly, they "project" it on the non-Jews: "We can often find this theme of incest in movies, but projected on the gentiles (...) As is Disengagement, a film by Israeli director Amos Gitai, released in 2007... Steven Spielberg's The Color Purple released in 1986 tackles the same topic. (...) It was obviously a projection, a thing Jewish intellectuals are familiar with." Screenshot featuring leading French TV host Thierry Ardisson with subtitles by Ryssen: "Mesmerized, the stupid goy believes it all." Ryssen: The Oedipus Complex Is A Jewish Thing Ryssen alleges that only Jews are affected by the Oedipus complex: "There can be found the true origin of feminism. Indeed, historically, the feminist movement was launched by Jewish women, who project on European society the guilt they feel, instead of simply accusing their fathers or their rabbis. Sigmund Freud would support this claim, with his so-called Oedipus complex, which in reality only concerns the Jewish community (...) Sigmund Freud was obviously inspired by the behavior of his community in developing his theory about the primitive horde. For only in the Jewish community does the father own all the women, including his own daughters, nowhere else... for a normal goy, for a European, [the concept of Primitive horde] does not mean anything at all..." The video concludes with the following image, featuring a series of antisemitic books by Ryssen. All but one are available on Amazon.fr. But Ryssen doesn't only describe the purportedly loathsome customs of the Jews, or single them out for allegedly being different from the rest of humankind. He also revives old-time anti-Jewish stereotypes such as that of the greedy Jew, or that the Jews control the world, and denies the scope of the Holocaust. Ryssen has been convicted several times in France for defamation and questioning "crimes against humanity."[6] His most recent conviction was at the end of January 2019, after he posted a collage comprised of the actors from the French movie La Vérité Si Je Mens! 3 [Would I Lie To You? 3] against the background of the entrance to the Auschwitz extermination camp. The French movie tells the story of a group of Jewish gangsters. The American pro-Nazi site Daily Stormer published an article about Ryssen and re-posted the meme.[7] Amazon.Fr Sells And Promotes Ryssen's Antisemitic Books The following is an overview of Ryssen's books, along with the descriptive text provided by Amazon: In his book Jewish Fanaticism, published in 2007, Ryssen writes that Jews from across the political and social spectrum aim to destroy nations in order to establish a "global empire." Amazon.fr presents Jewish Fanaticism with the following openly conspiracist text describing the book: Jewish Fanaticism, by Hervé Ryssen "... wherever they are, the Jews are tirelessly campaigning to remove borders and dissolve national identities. Since nations are seen as generating wars and turmoil, they must be weakened and eventually eliminated in favor of a world government, the only kind of government that can bring happiness and prosperity on earth. This is the purpose for which Jewish intellectuals around the world work tirelessly. Whether left or right, Marxists or liberals, believers or atheists, Zionists or 'perfectly integrated,' they are the most fervent supporters of the Global Empire." Ryssen's book The Jewish Mafia – The Great International Predators (Baskerville editions, 2008) is also for sale on Amazon. Amazon.fr features an excerpt stating that the Jewish mafia is the most dangerous in the world, more so than the Russian or Sicilian mafia, and that it has murdered journalists: "... Everybody has heard about the Sicilian mafia; it is the most publicized one, the one we see most in the movies. In the early 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, we were also regularly told about the Russian mafia, the Chechen mafia and the Albanian mafia. But there is no such thing as the Jewish mafia: the Western media do not say anything about it. On the radio, on TV and in the press at large, no mention is made of it. It's a taboo subject. In Hollywood, likewise, the Jewishness of criminals and traffickers is almost never addressed; and it is not difficult to understand why. The Jewish mafia is, without a doubt, the most powerful mafia in the world. The most dangerous one too. Some nosy journalists have already been murdered." The Jewish Mafia by Hervé Ryssen It should be noted that The Jewish Mafia has been translated into Persian and is for sale in Iran, as shown in a tweet by right-wing activist Yvan Benedetti: Ryssen: "Jews Have A Very Special Relationship With Money" The antisemitic book The Billions of Israel – Jewish Swindlers and International Financiers is also for sale on Amazon.fr. The Billions of Israel by Hervé Ryssen The French website Kontre Kulture, created by Alain Soral in 2011, which is dedicated to selling antisemitic books in French, provides a description of The Billions of Israel which clearly reveals that the book aims to revive the antisemitic stereotype about rich Jews who are obsessed with money: "The Jews have a very special relationship with money. This is not an odious 'antisemitic prejudice' but a given fact, since Jews are very much over-represented among the billionaires of the planet. Since the dawn of time, scattered in all countries, they have been known for indulging in great international trade. They have also been the masters of banking and speculation for centuries." The book attempts to show that Jews are not just overly-interested in money, but that they are eminent gangsters: "... it cannot be denied that they [Jews] played, and continue to play, a major part [in international finance]. And they are the kings of scams. Their records in this area are constantly being pulverized – not just broken, but truly 'pulverized,' to the point that the previous cases mentioned in The Jewish Mafia, in 2008, seem to be from another era (...). " Ryssen: Jews Are "In Constant War With The Rest Of Humanity" And Responsible For Antisemitism The History of Antisemitism as Seen by a Goy and Put Right Side Up (Baskerville, 2010) is also available on Amazon.fr. The History of Antisemitism, by Hervé Ryssen The Amazon text describing the book blames the Jews for antisemitism: "The history of Judaism is that of a sect in permanent war with the rest of humanity. Thus, at all times and in all countries, Jews have naturally aroused antisemitism. The scenario that unfolds is always the same: after the violence and the settling of scores, the goys (non-Jews) [first] legislate in order to contain the phenomenon and then they expel the unwanted [Jews]. But inevitably, after a while, they [the Jews] manage to enter the picture again and resume their trafficking and plotting, learning nothing from the lesson they were given. It has been like that for three thousand years. After reading this book, we do hope no one will ever mention again any Judeo-Christian civilization." Other antisemitic books by Ryssen are also for sale on Amazon.fr, such as Satan in Hollywood and The Mirror of Judaism: Satan in Hollywood with a caption encouraging sales: "Christmas Reading" The Mirror of Judaism, by Hervé Ryssen Additional French Antisemitic Literature For Sale On Amazon.Fr Not just Hervé Ryssen's books but the books of virtually all French antisemitic writers who violate the French law against incitement are for sale on Amazon. The following are several examples: French Holocaust denier Robert Faurisson's book Ecrits Révisionnistes (Revisionist Writings) is for sale on Amazon.fr. The descriptive text provided by Amazon aims to justify Holocaust denial: "Those who question [alleged historical facts] are not 'deniers' or 'Holocaust deniers:' they strive to look for and find [truth] in places where there was apparently nothing left to probe or find... As they examine carefully what has been imposed on them as 'truths,' they will surely find out that... the first victim is verifiable truth: they will look for and find this truth... The official story of the Second World War includes a little bit of truth combined with a lot of falsities..." Revisionist Writings by Robert Faurisson Anne Kling is an extreme right-wing activist from the French Alsace First movement. She was also an international civil servant, at the Conseil de l'Europe, but was sanctioned for her antisemitic book La France Licratisée – which is available on Amazon – and was demoted by the Administrative Court.[8] The Ligue Internationale Contre le Racisme et l'Antisémitisme (LICRA), the Paris-based International League against Racism and Antisemitism, is described by its opponents as a Jewish organization which serves only Jewish interests. The message conveyed by the title of Kling's book is that all of France is under Jewish influence, which is wielded by the powerful LICRA. La France Licratisée by Anne Kling Anne Kling's antisemitic book Shoah, the Saga of Compensation is also available on Amazon.fr, where even the descriptive text provided by Amazon incites against Jews, who are described as exploiting Europe to enrich themselves: "The Holocaust has generated an uninterrupted flow of huge sums of money which has lasted for seventy years. It is called reparations/compensation for Jewish victims. Looking into the history of these payments, one can only see the common interests at stake: [interests] common to American leaders and certain Jewish organizations from across the Atlantic. They join forces to make Europeans pay and to translate the latter's carefully maintained, inexhaustible guilt and permanent self-accusations, into cash. The story of this real saga, with obvious political and financial implications, is told in this book..." Shoah, the Saga of Compensation, by Anne Kling Another blatantly antisemitic book by Anne Kling, Menteurs et Affabulateurs de la Shoah (The Shoah Liars and Fantasists) is available on Amazon.fr, with the following descriptive text provided by Amazon which questions the reliability of Holocaust testimonies:   "Over the years, the Holocaust has become a totally taboo and sacred subject in our Western societies. It is not being probed by historians who might make it look "banal" – thus committing a supreme crime, so it has escaped the rational world and that of historical criticism to enter directly into the world of 'mystery' – not to say religion. In these circumstances, it is quite normal that clever little ones should exploit a promising field. This book recounts a number of proven deceptions by these Shoah liars: stories of imaginary sufferings or tribulations presented as being autobiographical. It also tells of the fabrications, exaggerations, inventions..."  The Shoah Liars and Fantasists, with a cover depicting Pinocchio and his nose elongated from lying French Antisemitic Authors Of Centuries Past Are Given New Life On Amazon Antisemitic books written in past centuries are also available on Amazon.fr. Édouard Adolphe Drumont (1844 –1917) was a French journalist and writer. He established the Antisemitic League in 1889 and was the founder and editor of the antisemitic La Libre Parole (Free Speech) newspaper. His book La France Juive (Jewish France) is promoted and sold on Amazon.fr accompanied by the following descriptive text provided by Amazon: "... this Freemason Jewish Republic [in France] that they accused me of slandering... everyone could suddenly see it the way it [really] was: rotten to the marrow, decomposed, gangrenous, an unbearable smell of deadly decay spread over the whole country." Jewish France, by Edouard Drumont Edouard Drumont's Les Juifs contre la France (Jews against France) can also be found on Amazon, as well as his Testament d'un Antisémite (Testament of an Antisemite) and his other antisemitic books. Jews against France; Testament of an Antisemite Other French antisemitic authors whose books are for sale on Amazon include Albert Monniot (1862-1938),[9] who wrote Le Crime Rituel Chez les Juifs (The Jewish Ritual Crimes) and Léon de Poncins (1897-1975)[10] who wrote Les Juifs Maîtres du Monde (The Jews Masters Of The World). The Jewish Ritual Crimes by Albert Monniot The Jews, Masters of the World is presented as follows on Amazon.fr: "This book could be titled: 'Self-Portrayed Jews', because the author only collected... texts from the highest personalities of the Jewish world. Now these texts appear like both the most terrible of indictments and the most striking of confessions. Here is the key to the tragic drama which turns the world upside down and threatens to destroy civilization." Léon de Poncins's antisemitic book La Mystérieuse Internationale Juive (The Mysterious International Jew) is promoted on Amazon.fr as follows: "J. de Maistre wrote that 'those who deny [the existence of an] international conspiracy are of two kinds: fools and accomplices'. This book is an overview of the dreaded Jewish problem..." The Mysterious International Jew, by Léon de Poncins French Translations Of Major antisemitic Writings Available On Amazon French translations of major antisemitic writings by Russian, American and other well-known antisemites from various countries are also for sale on Amazon.fr. The following are several examples: The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is for sale on Amazon.fr in French during the holiday season, appearing on the site with the suggestion that customers buy books as Christmas gifts and the standard information that shipping is free. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is accompanied by the caption: "Christmas Reading" Henry Ford's The International Jew is for sale on Amazon in French. The International Jew is a four-volume set of antisemitic booklets or pamphlets published in the early 1920s by American automobile manufacturer Henri Ford. Henri Ford's antisemitic views expressed in this book are said to have influenced Hitler. The International Jew, Henry Ford Hitler's propaganda minister Paul Joseph Goebbels can also be found among the authors translated into French on Amazon.fr. Goebbels advocated progressively harsher discrimination, including the extermination of Jews. His Nazi book Battle for Berlin has been translated into French and various editions of it are available on Amazon. Battle for Berlin by Goebbels Battle for Berlin by Goebbels, different publishing house Finally, Hitler's Mein Kampf is also sold on Amazon.fr with the Christmas caption recommending the purchase as "Christmas Reading." Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler * N. Szerman is director of MEMRI-French; P. Lurcat constributed to the research for this report.   [1] Startribune.com/french-yellow-vest-movement-dogged-by-intolerance-extremism/505011172/, January 29, 2019. [2] See MEMRI report Alain Soral: "Il va falloir s’attaquer, si on veut aller vers une révolution, à ceux qui ont le pouvoir et ont mis Macron en place", October 29, 2019. [3] See MEMRI Inquiry and Analysis No. 1489, Antisemitic Far-Right French Weekly 'Rivarol': 'The Leaders Of The Jewish Community Support Islam And At The Same Time Demonize It, In Order To Maximize Their Profit', November 25, 2019., November 25, 2019. [4] The Jewish Mafia is the title of Hervé Ryssen's book published by Baskerville in 2008. [5] Youtube.com/watch?v=5id8ozAigOk. [6] The French Gayssot Act, enacted in 1990, makes it an offense in France to question the existence or size of crimes against humanity such as the Holocaust. [7] Dailystormer.name/herve-ryssen-convicted-by-french-court-for-humorous-twitter-meme, February 2, 2019. [8]  Rm.coe.int/168077001f. [9] Albert Monniot was a French writer and journalist who published in the French antisemitic newspaper La Libre Parole (Free Speech). [10] French aristocrat and traditional Catholic journalist and essayist Viscount Léon de Poncins (1897-1975) authored numerous books and articles developing the theory of a Judeo-Masonic conspiracy.

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Jan 01, 2020
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Al-Jazeera Report on Aftermath of Riots at U.S. Embassy in Baghdad: U.S. Troop Increase in Iraq Shows that Trump Administration Does Not Understand That Iraqis Are Angry about American Policies

#7687 | 02:24
Source: Al-Jazeera Network (Qatar)

On January 1, 2020, Al-Jazeera Network (Qatar) aired a report about how the United States perceived the recent riots in front of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad. The narrator explained that President Trump’s decision to send 4,000 additional troops to Iraq, including hundreds of U.S. Marines, is evidence that the Trump administration viewed the riots as a security-related issue that constitutes an increased threat to American personnel, facilities, and interests in Iraq. He also said that Trump’s decision contradicts his previous promises of ending U.S. involvement in “useless” wars, as Trump himself has put it. The narrator questioned if the risk to U.S. interests stems from the lack of American troops on the ground or if it is a result of American policies, and he added: “It seems that the Americans have difficulty in understanding the driving force behind the Iraqis’ anger.”

 

Reporter: How did Washington perceive what happened in Baghdad? The Trump administration approaches the matter as a security-related issue. Its decision to send more troops to the Middle East may attest to this. The talk is about roughly 4,000 soldiers – including a brigade consisting of hundreds of Marines – who will be deployed immediately, according to the Pentagon. According to the U.S. Defense Secretary, this is a cautionary measure in reaction to what he considers an increase in the level of threats against American personnel and facilities. Thus, the steps that were prompted by the recent events in Iraq were termed by Washington as “defending [American] interests in the region.” Those who oppose President Trump’s policies may be right in that he is breaking his election promises of putting an end to his country’s involvement in foreign wars that he described as “useless.” Instead of bringing home the troops deployed abroad, he surprised Americans celebrating the New Year by sending more of their sons to far and tense regions abroad like Iraq, from where the Americans have already withdrawn and left behind no more than 5,000 troops. This is a place where the political instability does not allow for additional tension. According to observers, the decision to deploy additional troops now poses another problem – one that has to do with American interests and the most appropriate ways to protect them. Does the damage to these interests – against the background of the events at the embassy – stem from the lack of American troops on the ground, or is it the result of American policies? It seems that the Americans have difficulty understanding the driving force behind the Iraqis’ anger, which manifested itself in front of their embassy in Baghdad. It is as if they do not take into consideration the situation in one of their most important allies in the region.

 

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Dec 20, 2019
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Tehran Friday Sermon by Ayatollah Mohammad Emami Kashani: If the Americans Re-Elect Trump in 2020, They Will Be Partners to His Crimes and Bloodshed

#7686 | 01:31
Source: Channel 1 (Iran)

Iranian Ayatollah Mohammad Emami Kashani said in a Friday, December 20, 2019 sermon in Tehran that if the American people really accept Jesus Christ, they should renounce President Trump, who he referred to as an “unworthy ignoramus.” He said that if Trump gets re-elected in 2020, those who voted for him will be held accountable before God and history because they be partners to the crimes and bloodshed Trump is responsible for. The audience chanted: “Death to America!” The sermon aired on IRINN TV (Iran).

 

Ayatollah Mohammad Emami Kashani: On the anniversary [of the birth] of Jesus Christ… If the nation of Christ, the American people, really accept Christ, they should renounce [Trump], the unworthy ruler of America. The Americans should know that if this unworthy ignoramus wins the elections, they will be partners to the spilling of all that blood. The voters are partners to all the crimes. They will be held accountable before God and history. If they vote for him and, God forbid, he wins again, they will be held accountable before God.

Audience: Death to America! Death to America! Death to America! Death to America! Death to America! Death to America!

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January 2, 2020 Special Dispatch No. 8453

Russia Vs. Turkey In Libya – Part II – Russian Ambassador To Turkey Aleksei Erkhov Replies To Turkish Expert Hakki Ocal: How Come Only Sarraj Is Legitimate? Just Because Some Have Staked Support For Him, While Others Have Not?

January 2, 2020
Russia, Turkey | Special Dispatch No. 8453
On December 21, Russian Ambassador to Turkey Aleksei Erkhov replied to Turkish expert Hakki Ocal’s article, published in the Turkish pro-government newspaper Daily Sabah titled "Hey Putin, what are you doing?" that voiced surprise at Russia's support for Libyan National Army leader Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar. [1] In his reply to Ocal, a supporter of Turkey's position in Libya, Erkhov stressed that several hundred armed groups are terrorizing the Lybian population, and one of these factions is the Government of National Accord (GNA), whose leader is Fayyez Al-Sarraj. He dismissed Ocal's claim that a majority of Libyans support the GNA as wishful thinking. “As Mr. Haftar controls a significant part of the country, his words means something and have been echoed in at least several capitals across the region and the world. On the other hand, the [fact that] numerous extremist groups in the outskirts of Tripoli are declaring their support for Mr. Sarraj does not raise the credibility of the latter, especially taking into account the fact that some of them have arrived from having fought for Daesh in Syria,” Erkhov wrote. The Russian ambassador took issue with Ocal's endorsement of the GNA for acting “as Muslims” simply because it supported the resolution to extend the UNRWA mandate in the U.N. Fourth Committee and took the right stance when the U.S. recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Erkhov questioned the GNA's Muslim bonafides: “Mr. Ocal, do you really think that detaining foreign nationals for months and years without any serious legal procedure is the way ‘real Muslims’ behave?” Erkhov turned Ocal's “very interesting conclusion” that the U.S., the EU, Israel, Egypt, Greece, the UAE and Saudi Arabia, as well as Russia support Haftar against him. “Is it really so? If it is, how has it happened that most international actors have chosen to back the wrong man and only Mr. Sarraj is good, clean and legitimate? What makes him so good? Just because some have staked support for him, while others have not?” Erkhov wrote. He chided Ocal for singling out Russia for criticism: “As for my final question, Mr. Ocal. If Mr. Haftar is supported by such an impressive crowd, why on earth do you appeal – and in such a sarcastic manner – not to Donald Trump or Emmanuel Macron, not to Mohammed Bin Salman or Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, but to Vladimir Putin? Can we assume that an active presence of others in Libya satisfies you, but not a Russian one? How so?” Erkhov concluded his reply, by ridiculing Ocan for referring to Putin as “comrade”. “P.S., sorry that I cannot refer to you as a "comrade," as you are not a member of a Communist Party. Neither am I a member and nor is Mr. Putin. But let us all refrain from mocking each other…” Erkhov stated. Below is Erkhov’s open letter, as published in Daily Sabah:[2] Russian Ambassador to Turkey Aleksei Erkhov (Source: Dailysabah.com) “Dear Mr Ocal, “As President Putin most probably was unable to take a look at your Daily Sabah article from Dec. 16, in my humble capacity as someone whose credentials have been certified by the president of Russia, I deem it necessary to convey to you some thoughts. “I regret to inform you that a number of your claims and judgments were hard to accept, as they simply do not correspond with reality. “To begin, I cannot agree with your hypothesis that: ‘For years, Russia has acted as an observer, glaring at what financial capitalism has wrought upon Libya.’ Leaving to one side, as to what (or to whom) you refer when you say ‘financial capitalism’ – the truth is, that in fact ‘for years’ Russia, along with every other international actor, has respected the objective fact that Libya has been ruled by a legitimate government, recognized as such by the whole world including the United Nations, since 1969. “The former head of the Libyan state was welcomed as a guest of honor at various capitals, especially while concluding the Lockerbie case, after which time many international companies began competing for lucrative contracts with the Libyan government in the fields of oil and gas, construction and transport. And nobody ever objected to such course of events – neither distinguished scholars and political scientists from the beneficiary countries, nor ‘impartial observers retired to Odessa.’ By the way Odessa is the territory of the sovereign state of Ukraine, so I fail to understand what link between this suggestion and the current crisis in Libya. “The situation subsequently took a dramatic turn for the worse, when a number of states – believing themselves to be grandmasters of the world's destinies – decided to oust the Libyan leader, despite his having done much good for the people of his country. The fate visited upon Muammar Gadhafi was surely terrible – not due to ‘Mother Russia’ of course, but thanks to other states. Who these others are, we recall very well, although, believe me, not all of them are worth being remembered. “Since then has been nothing but conflict in this oil-rich country. The nation has been torn apart by feuding factions and sectarian strife, causing a steady flow of refugees. Several hundred armed groups rule various regions, terrorizing the local population. One of these factions is indeed the Government of National Accord (GNA). But let me remind you that this its ‘internationally recognized’ status is largely contested. Some presume, for example, that the Skhirat Agreement of 2015 is no longer in effect and no longer binding. Claiming that the majority of the country supports the GNA would, similarly, constitute wishful thinking, some would say. It is not that I share such a view, but analyzing the situation as a whole, I definitely have to this into account. “Who is better – Mr. Haftar or Mr. Sarraj? That's up to Libyans to decide. However, as Mr. Haftar controls a significant part of the country, his words means something and have been echoed in at least several capitals across the region and the world. On the other hand, the numerous extremist groups in the outskirts of Tripoli are declaring their support for Mr. Sarraj does not raise the credibility of the latter, especially taking into account the fact that some of them have arrived from having fought for Daesh in Syria. They have neither credibility nor legitimacy. “Of course, I cannot help admiring the political flexibility of those who assert that the GNA is acting ‘as Muslims’ just because it supported the resolution in the U.N. Fourth Committee to extend the UNRWA mandate and took the right stance when the U.S. recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. It has been undoubtedly remarked that the GNA are acting in such a way, but it is my impression that the great majority of Libyan people support the Palestinian cause, too. And they are not alone – U.N. decisions on Palestine have always been supported by the bulk of the international community, including a great number of states with Christian, Muslim and other religious traditions. And by the way, Mr. Ocal, do you really think that detaining foreign nationals for months and years without any serious legal procedure is the way ‘real Muslims’ behave? And those now siding with Mr. Sarraj – their heads covered by black scarfs with inscriptions in Arabic – are they also ‘real Muslims?’ “There were some other intriguing questions which arose upon reading your op-ed, Mr. Ocal. “For starters, of whom do you precisely speak when you refer to ‘usurpers?’ The article hints that these may be found in either Greece, Cyprus or Egypt. It seems to me somehow, that most in Athens, Nicosia and Cairo (and in many other capitals) would be reluctant to take on such a label. “You look to have come to a very interesting conclusion on the fact of Mr. Haftar's general support from the U.S., the EU, Israel, Egypt, Greece, the UAE and Saudi Arabia, as well as Russia. Is it really so? If it is, how has it happened that most international actors have chosen to back the wrong man and only Mr. Sarraj is good, clean and legitimate? What makes him so good? Just because some have staked support for him, while others have not? “As for my final question Mr. Ocal, if Mr. Haftar is supported by such an impressive crowd, why on earth do you appeal – and in such a sarcastic manner – not to Donald Trump or Emmanuel Macron, not to Mohammed Bin Salman or Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, but to Vladimir Putin? Can we assume that an active presence of others in Libya satisfies you, but not a Russian one? How so? Please accept the insurances of my highest consideration. “P.S. Sorry that I cannot refer to you as a ‘comrade,’ as you are not a member of a Communist Party. Neither am I. Nor is Mr. Putin. But let us all refrain from mocking each other using words, terms and symbols that not so long ago used to be sacred to some – so sacred that they were willing to lay down their lives for them. We remember them, and believe me they deserve it.” [1] See MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 8449, Russia vs Turkey In Libya – Part I – Turkish Expert Hakki Ocal: 'Why On Earth Would You Support Haftar, Comrade Putin?', December 31, 2019. [2] Dailysabah.com, December 21, 2019

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