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Oct 12, 2019
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Tunisian Presidential Candidate Kaïs Saïed: Normalization of Relations with Israel Constitutes Treason; Opponent Nabil Karoui: I Support Constitutional Criminalization of Such Normalization

#7531 | 01:58
Source: Watania TV (Tunisia)

On October 12, 2019, Watania TV (Tunisia) aired a debate between the two final contenders in the Tunisian presidential race. Candidate Kaïs Saïed said that the problem is not with the Jews and that Tunisians, including his father, protected Jews from the Nazis. He also said that anybody who normalizes relations with Israel, with which he said Tunisia is in a state of war, should be tried for treason. His opponent, Nabil Karoui, said that Tunisia should support the Palestinians and the Palestinian Authority in whatever position they take regarding Israel. When pressed by the hosts whether there should be a clause in the constitution that would criminalize dealings and normalization with Israel, he answered in the affirmative.

Following are excerpts from the debate:

 

Kaïs Saïed: The problem is not with the Jews. I'd like to reiterate something I've said before. Many people know Giséle Halimi as an activist in the socialist party – my father used to take her to school [on his bicycles] during WWII in order to protect her from the Nazi soldiers.

 

[…]

 

The word "normalization" is wrong.

Moderator: We are talking about normalization with the Zionist entity…

Kaïs Saïed: The word "normalization" is wrong. This is treason. Whoever deals with an entity that has displaced an entire people for over a century should be dealt with as a traitor and be placed on trial for treason.

Moderator: Do you support making normalization a criminal offense?

Kaïs Saïed: This is not "normalization." This is the wrong word to begin with. The normal condition is that we are in a state of war with an occupying entity.

 

[…]

 

Nabil Karoui: Our position should be decided by that of the Palestinian Authority. We should examine the position of the PA – of the Palestinians – towards Israel, and as long as they support normalization, we should…

Moderator: The PA negotiates with Israel. Do you support the same position?

Nabil Karoui: No, no. We are not even in negotiations with Israel…

Moderator: But you said you adopt the same position as the Palestinian Authority…

Nabil Karoui: We support the Palestinian Authority in what it is doing.

 

[…]

 

Moderator: Do you support having a clause in the constitution to criminalize normalization and dealings with the Zionist entity?

Nabil Karoui: Yes.

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Oct 09, 2019
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Houthi Military Analyst Brig.-Gen. Aziz Rashed: We Have Over 100 Targets Marked in the UAE; UAE Economy Would Collapse in the Wake of Such an Attack

#7530 | 01:31
Source: Al-Thaqalayn TV (Lebanon)

Yemeni military analyst Brigadier-General Aziz Rashed said in an October 9, 2019 interview on Al-Thaqalayn TV (Lebanon) that the Houthi threats to attack the UAE should be taken seriously because they come from the highest echelons of Yemeni military command and because they reflect a high degree of confidence on the part of the Houthis. He said that the Houthis have a list of over 100 targets in the UAE and that a single drone attack the UAE would cause its economy to collapse by driving away international companies and foreign investors.

 

Interviewer: The official spokesman for the Yemeni armed forces has issued threats against Saudi Arabia and the UAE. He threatened to launch imminent attacks and vowed that these attacks would be worse [than the attacks on Aramco]. What is your take on these threats?"

Aziz Rashed: These threats stem from a great deal of confidence, and they come from the highest echelons of the Yemeni command. Therefore, these threats should be taken seriously. There are more than 100 targets marked in the UAE mini-state. This mini-state cannot withstand a single attack carried out by ten planes. The UAE economy would collapse and this would have consequences. As you know, the UAE economy is based on international companies and investments and on the arrival of commercial ships to Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, and other emirates. Therefore, [an attack] would chase away all the foreign capital, and the UAE would become a huge economic catastrophe for its regime."

memri
October 12, 2019 Special Announcements No. 818

The MEMRI Weekly: October 4-11, 2019

October 12, 2019
Special Announcements No. 818
The following are links to reports from MEMRI's Special Dispatch Series and Inquiry and Analysis Series, as well as to transcripts from the MEMRI TV Project, released during the past week. *MEMRI REPORTS MEMRI Daily Brief No. 199 – Dear Mr. President: You Are Unable To Destroy The Turkish Economy, As You Warned – Because Your Bogus Ally Qatar Will Save Turkey Yet Again From Your Sanctions, October 11, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8314 – Putin At The Valdai Discussion Forum: We Will All Be Working To Protect The World Order; Our Concept Is Not To Create New Blocs Along The Model Of Europe Or North Atlantic After World War II, October 11, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8313 – Kurdish Writer: With His Decision To Allow Turkey To Operate In Syria Against The Kurds, Trump, The 'Avaricious Merchant' And The 'Megalomaniac,' Is Sacrificing His Kurdish Allies, October 11, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8312 – Putin's Former Foreign Policy Adviser Karaganov: Russia's New Mission Is To Defend Global Peace; Democracy Is An Anti-Meritocratic System, October 10, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8311 – Syrian Journalist: The West, Led By U.S., Knows Erdogan Has Been Supporting ISIS For Years, Yet Chooses To Ignore This, October 10, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8310 – Houthi Military Expert Lieutenant-General Abed Al-Thour: UAE Like A Cave Full Of Bats; We Can Destroy It; UAE Soldiers Will Have No Place To Return To, October 9, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8309 – Russian President Putin: The Liberal Model Has 'Lost All Flavor – Even Where It Still Works', October 8, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8308 – Syrian Writer: Continued Saudi-Led Arab Coalition Aggression Against Yemen Will Prompt Attacks On Vital Saudi Facilities, October 8, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8307 – Russia This Week – Focus On Bilateral Relations – October 7, 2019, October 7, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8306 – Owner Of Egyptian Daily Calls To Liberate Women From The Custom Of Wearing The Hijab: 'It Has Nothing To Do With The Islamic Shari'a', October 7, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8305 – Russian Expert Goltz Slams Shoigu's Interview: Defense Ministry Officials Have Gotten So Lazy That They Can't Get Their Own Lies Straight; Does Shoigu Hope To Lull His Rivals By Announcing His Desire To Return To Siberia?, October 7, 2019 Inquiry and Analysis Series No. 1477 – Incitement Against Jews Within BDS And Pro-Palestinian Facebook Groups – Part II, October 7, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8304 – Conservative Orthodox Media Outlet Tsagrad TV: Shoigu's Interview Sounded Like A Farewell Speech, October 6, 2019   *MEMRI TV MONITOR PROJECT MEMRI TV Clip No. 7529 – Kurdish Academic Dr. Sarbast Nabi: 'The Turkish Army Is Coming To Fight The Kurdish People'; Erdoğan Set On Demographic Engineering In Kurdistan, Al-Arabiya TV (Dubai/Saudi Arabia) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7528 – Kuwaiti Professor Dr. Faisal Abu Sulaib: The Gulf States Are In Shock And Terrified Following Attack On Aramco; KSA Cannot Provide Security To GCC States, Al-Araby TV (U.K.) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7527 – Mother of Islamic Jihad Terrorist Who Decapitated Fallen Israeli Soldier in 2004: I Take Great Pride in My Son's Heroic Achievement, Al-Quds Al-Youm TV (Palestine - Islamic Jihad) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7526 – IRGC Quds Force Commander Qasem Soleimani: We Have Created "Territorial Continuity" for the Islamic Resistance by Connecting Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, Channel 1 (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7525 – Cape Town Friday Sermon by Activist Cassiem Khan Following Royal Visit to Local Mosque: Prince Harry Is an Enemy Combatant, The Internet - "Masjidul Quds on YouTube" To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7524 – Houthi Military Expert Lieutenant-General Abed Al-Thour: UAE Like a Cave Full of Bats; We Can Destroy It; UAE Soldiers Will Have No Place to Return to, Al-Masirah TV (Yemen) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7523 – Commander of Gaza-Based Fatah Splinter Group: Fatah Is the Leader of the Armed Struggle, Alkofiya TV (Palestine) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7522 – Houthi Political Bureau Member Muhammad Al-Bakhiti: If Saudi Arabia Doesn't Stop Its Aggression, We Might Launch an Offensive Campaign to Reach Riyadh, Topple the Saudi Regime, Al-Manar TV (Lebanon) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 75121 – U.K. Cleric Abu Usamah At-Thahabi: I Support Chopping Off Hands of Thieves, But Only in the Muslim World, Not Here, The Internet - "Green Lane Masjid on YouTube" To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7520 – Yemeni Health Minister Nasser Ba'aom: Unless We Stop Iran, the Shiite Crescent Will Become a Full Moon, Yemen TV To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7519 – Former Dutch Diplomat Nikolaos van Dam: Dutch Parliament Refuses to Boycott Israel's Human Rights Violations, We Should Support BDS as Non-Governmental Alternative, Palestinian Authority TV To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7518 – IRGC Commander-in-Chief General Hossein Salami: Our Deterrence Capabilities Have Almost Reached Their Peak; America's Power Is in Decline; Regional War Would Wipe Israel off the Map, IRIB Ofogh TV (Iran) To read the transcript, click here. MEMRI TV Clip No. 7517 – Iranian Cleric Ebad Mohammadtabar: When the Hidden Imam Arrives, The Whole World Will Convert to Islam or Die; We Will Confront, Defeat the Jews, Zionism, Hamoon TV (Iran) To read the transcript, click here.

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ISIS Claims Car Bombing In Syria's Qamishli, Intensifying Attacks On U.S.-Backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) During Turkish Military Offensive

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October 11, 2019

On October 11, 2019, the Islamic State's (ISIS) released a statement claiming a car bombing near a Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) security building in the Syrian city of Qamishli in Al-Hasakah province in northern Syria, which left "dozens" of fighters killed or wounded. The bombing, which follows several...

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The Cyber & Jihad Lab monitors, tracks, translates, researches, and analyzes cyber jihad originating from the Middle East, Iran, South Asia, and North and West Africa. It innovates and experiments with possible solutions for stopping cyber jihad, advancing legislation and initiatives federally – including with Capitol Hill and attorneys-general – and on the state level, to draft and enforce measures that will serve as precedents for further action. It works with leaders in business, law enforcement, academia, and families of terror victims to craft and support efforts and solutions to combat cyber jihad, and recruits, and works with technology industry leaders to craft and support efforts and solutions.

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October 11, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8313

Kurdish Writer: With His Decision To Allow Turkey To Operate In Syria Against The Kurds, Trump, The 'Avaricious Merchant' And The 'Megalomaniac,' Is Sacrificing His Kurdish Allies

October 11, 2019
Turkey | Special Dispatch No. 8313
Responding to the decision by U.S. President Donald Trump to withdraw U.S. forces from northeast Syria, following which Turkey launched a military operation against the Kurds who were allies of the U.S. in the fight against ISIS, Kurdish writer Sarbast Bamarni penned a scathing attack on President Trump and his decision. In his column on the reformist website Elaph.com, Bamarni accused the president of "unbalanced" behavior that had turned the U.S. into a paper tiger. Warning that not just the Kurdish people would be harmed by his decision but that the entire world would be as well, he said that it "reopens the door to the return of global terror," allowing it to again "dispatch its suicide squads to Europe." The Turkish people, he said, will pay the price for Turkish President Erdogan's dream of wiping out the Kurdish people and restoring the Ottoman Empire, and the U.S. would forfeit its global credibility entirely. He went on to stress that the Kurdish nation will "fight tooth and nail to defend its existence and its country."[1]  Sarbast Bamarni (Image: Kurdistan24.net/ar. April 13, 2016) Below are excerpts from Bamarni's column: "Anyone thinking that the people in Kurdistan will be the only loser because of the flaccid decision by the American president to withdraw from western Kurdistan and hand it over to Turkish President Erdogan is mistaken. The losers due to this foolish decision will be the entire civilized world and the international anti-terror coalition, as it reopens the door to the return of global terror that will recover and return to action, and will once again impose its hegemony on the region and dispatch its suicide squads to Europe. The biggest loser will be the U.S. itself, for by the very act of taking this decision, it loses the last fig leaf of its credibility... and henceforth no one will count on her and her false claims regarding [the importance] of democracy and human rights. "Another [party] that will lose is the Turkish people, beset by a disaster in the shape of Erdogan, who seeks to push his people into the quagmire of interminable war against the Kurdish people. [This,] in order to run away from the domestic problems that enfeeble his absolute rule, to accomplish his racist, fantastical, and sick dreams to wipe out the Kurdish people and alter the national reality by settling three million Syrian refugees [there], and to expand regionally, restore the Ottoman Sultanate, and check the democratic experience in the Kurdistan-Iraq region, before they [the Turks] are rid of him. This man [Erdogan] does not hide the fact that he is an enemy to the Kurds wherever they may be, at a time that the Turkish public suffers under his [absolute] rule and dictatorship [while] he eliminates his opponents with utmost cruelty, and the country sinks deeper and deeper into the shifting sands of the approaching economic disaster. "Undoubtedly, the Kurdish people – aware that since the accursed Sykes-Picot Treaty they [have become] a legitimate target for murder and extermination by their country's occupiers, who have sacrificed thousands of victims and righteous martyrs in south and west Kurdistan, and who have saved the world from the most evil terror – will fight tooth and nail to defend their existence and their country. It is plausible that Kurdistan will become a second Vietnam for the invading aggressor forces... Every racist attack will come at a high cost [for the Turks], but will [also] threaten regional peace and security, and will destroy international efforts to solve its [the region's] problems. "What is truly saddening is that the U.S. is headed by a president like Trump, an avaricious merchant is unfamiliar with history who thinks that the national problem of four million Kurds consists of fighting between their tribes and the Turks and nothing more. This man excels as a megalomaniac – in [expressing] contradictory and ill-considered positions, in sacrificing his country's allies on the altar of his interminable profit-seeking ambitions, and in hurling puerile accusations with unparalleled impudence at the Kurds who are fighting terror... [He does this] instead of voicing respect for their heroic and major role in the struggle against global terror. All [these] positions by the American president and others like them have turned the U.S. into a true paper tiger, despite its nuclear claws... "Kurdistan has people experienced in struggles against crazed waves of extermination, and they will defend their country. It will be to everyone's benefit if matters do not develop into all-out war –for a war against the people of Kurdistan is not [just] another picnic."   [1] Elaph.com, October 10, 2019.

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October 11, 2019 Special Dispatch No. 8314

Putin At The Valdai Discussion Forum: We Will All Be Working To Protect The World Order; Our Concept Is Not To Create New Blocs Along The Model Of Europe Or North Atlantic After World War II

October 11, 2019
Russia | Special Dispatch No. 8314
On October 3, 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke at the final plenary session of the 16th meeting of the Valdai International Discussion Club. The session was attended by Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev, Jordanian King Abdullah II, Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, and Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte. In his speech, Putin stressed that global problems cannot be resolved without Asia. Putin said: "The world has become multi-polar and, hence more complicated largely owing to the Asian countries." He then specified that multi-polarity is not "a cure-all." Adding that the authors of the annual Valdai Club report insist that in this era, there is no world order whatsoever, he said: "Yes, such a scenario is indeed possible. But it is fraught with many threats, we are all aware of that. I would like to hope that however complicated the relations between countries, however dangerous the legal lacunae might be, such as in nuclear and missile weapons areas, the world order, based on the key role of international law, will be transformed, but it will remain. We will all be working to protect it." Putin emphasized that it is impossible to do without a systemic world order, but explained that there is also a need for flexibility and non-linearity, in order to arrange a complex process rooted in realities, which presupposes the ability to consider various cultural and value systems, dismissing "geopolitical clichés." He added that he is against the idea of imposing a model as an axiom. Referring to the 19th century system of international "Concert of Powers," he stated that the time had come to talk in terms of a global "concert" of development models, interests, cultures, and traditions. "It is crucial to consider the opinions and interests of all the participants in international life. Let me reiterate: truly mutually respectful, pragmatic and consequently solid relations can only be built between independent and sovereign states," he stated. He concluded his speech by stressing that Russia is complying in full with its obligations as one of the guardians of the existing world order. During the Q&As, Putin further explained Russia's concept for a new world order, which he said should replace a unipolar world dominated by the West. "Our concept is not meant to create new blocs such as Europe or North Atlantic after World War II," Putin stated. He then underlined that Russia's concept is not to destroy what has been created in the past decades, but rather to gradually transform and adapt the existing system of international relations to the new realities, with due consideration of the growing power and prospects of Asia's development in general. Commenting on Russia-China relations, Putin called them an allied relationship in the full sense of a multifaceted strategic partnership. He the revealed that Russia is helping China to create a missile attack warning system. Below are excerpts of Putin's speech at the Valdai Discussion Forum:[1] (Source: Kremlin.ru) The Asian Nations Prove In Their Forward Progress That The Principles Of State Sovereignty Do Not Contradict Openness And Globalization Putin: "... This time, the hosts have come up with a truly inexhaustible and, I would say, fascinating topic which is the East and the role of Asia as the world's largest and most populated region. Relations between Russia and the Asian states, which have always been of particular importance to us, I believe, are of interest to everyone. The nature of Russia's relations with Asia is dictated not only by today's realities, but by history as well. "India and China, Egypt and Iran, Turkey and Japan, the countries of Central and Southeast Asia are heirs to great ancient civilizations, which gave humankind unique knowledge and technology, as well as discoveries in medicine, mathematics, culture and the arts... "Today, Asia, throughout its vast reach from the Maghreb and the Middle East all the way to East and Southeast Asia, is regaining its natural place in international affairs, which is commensurate with its great heritage and today's undoubtedly vast and growing potential. "The positions of the Asian states are becoming stronger in all areas, but mainly in the economy. The region already accounts for over a third of the gross world product. Living standards are improving at a higher pace than the global average. The most advanced technology is being introduced. The unprecedented scale of integration processes and globalization are drawing both individual countries and entire adjacent sub-regions to Asia. "While demonstrating impressive examples of progress, the Asian nations still preserve their unique features and traditions. They remember their roots and prove in their forward progress that the principles of state sovereignty do not contradict openness and globalization, that sustainable development can be based on independence and self-sufficiency rather than their mandatory renunciation, and that growing national economic and humanitarian potential requires political identity. "Naturally, having effectively and wisely used the opportunities of globalization and having become economic leaders, the Asian states are striving to play a bigger role in world politics. This is an absolutely natural process. They uphold their own opinions on key international issues, treasure their independence and hope that their objectively increasing influence will be recognized. We believe this is only fair and meets the realities of today and tomorrow. The World Has Become Multi-Polar And, Hence More Complicated Largely Owing To The Asian Countries "Incidentally, at one time Asia's awakening, as it is called, and the national and cultural revival of its states, played an enormous role in the democratization of international ties. Today, it is obvious that global problems cannot be resolved without Asia. Of course, it is possible to try to do this with momentum and based on past experience, but the legitimacy, and most importantly, the practical value of such approaches, which are presented as global and universal, will be questionable. "The world has become multi-polar and, hence more complicated largely owing to the Asian countries. But, as I have said, multi-polarity as such is not a cure-all. Nor does it mean that urgent problems will disappear by themselves. "The authors of the annual Valdai Club report insist, and we have just heard this, that we have entered an era with no world order whatsoever. This has been practically voiced right now. Yes, such a scenario is indeed possible. But it is fraught with many threats, we are all aware of that. I would like to hope that however complicated the relations between countries, however dangerous the legal lacunae might be, such as in nuclear and missile weapons areas, the world order, based on the key role of international law, will be transformed, but it will remain. We will all be working to protect it. A different way is obviously fraught with global calamities for practically all of humanity. "The world system is undoubtedly multi-faceted and complicated and unprecedentedly interconnected at that. Everyone has their own objective interests that do not always coincide with those of others, this is also evident. But there is a feeling of common responsibility. Ultimately, I hope, no, actually, I do not doubt that there is also common sense, a striving for security. "This is why we cannot do without a systemic world order. But we also need both flexibility and, let me add, non-linearity, which would not mean a rejection of the system but the capability to arrange a complex process rooted in realities, which presupposes the ability to consider various cultural and value systems, the need to act together, dismissing stereotypes and geopolitical clichés. This is the only way to effectively solve the challenges on the global, regional, and national levels... "It is obvious to us that diversity within a nation is normal. It teaches both patience and tolerance in the true meaning of these words, and the ability to understand and accept different opinions, traditions and ways of life rather than impose our model as an axiom. We believe our experience can be useful for many of our partners. "With regard to the world in general, since all nations are obviously different, uniformity and universalization are impossible by default. A system is required whereby different values, ideas and traditions can co-exist, interact and mutually enrich one another while retaining and highlighting their peculiarities and differences Truly Mutually Respectful, Pragmatic And Consequently Solid Relations Can Only Built Between Independent And Sovereign States "There was a vision in 19th century diplomacy... So, in the 19th century they used to refer to a 'Concert of Powers.' The time has come to talk in terms of a global 'concert' of development models, interests, cultures and traditions where the sound of each instrument is crucial, inextricable and valuable, and for the music to be played harmoniously rather than performed with discordant notes, a cacophony. It is crucial to consider the opinions and interests of all the participants in international life. Let me reiterate: truly mutually respectful, pragmatic and consequently solid relations can only built between independent and sovereign states. "Russia is sincerely committed to this approach and pursues a positive agenda. We stand for strict compliance with international law and enhancing mutual confidence and respect. We are building interstate relations and communication on fair and democratic foundations with an emphasis on the UN Charter. "Our country is focused on stepping up security and stability, on fighting international terrorism and other threats and challenges. We act for the sake of establishing – including in Asia – a system of equal and indivisible security resting on far-ranging and collective work. "Incidentally, the Russia-Africa Summit will be held here, in Sochi, in three-weeks. We are prepared to propose to our African colleagues and friends a broad agenda of equal interaction covering many different areas – the economy, energy, transport, education and the environment. It Was Only Thanks To Patriotism That Russia Could Move Ahead "In conclusion, I would like to divert from the main topic and tell you something, which, just the same, is related to it. I would like to say that almost 20 years ago – shortly before the year 2000 – my article, Russia at the Turn of the Millennium, was published.[2] The analysis of global affairs and development prospects it then offered seems to me to have generally matched reality. "Indeed, in the 1990s, Russia lived through one of the hardest periods in its history. In addition to the deep political, economic and social crisis in the country, we found ourselves exposed to aggression by international terrorism. At the time, Russia drew close to a very dangerous line and if it had crossed it, it would have faced the worst thing for any nation and country, which is the break-up and disintegration of the state. The threat was in the air and the majority of people were aware of it. "Of course, back then we could – the threat was absolutely real – plunge into the abyss of a large-scale civil war and be stripped of national unity and sovereignty, ending up on the periphery of global politics. It was only thanks to patriotism, bravery and the rare ability of the Russian and other peoples living in the country to bear the hardships and work hard so that Russia could move back from this dangerous line. "Of course, there are things that could have been done differently and better during these 20 years. But we have gained unique experience, and I believe there is demand for it around the world. Before we came into this room, my colleagues and I discussed one of the most important issues today – terrorism. "Indeed, we in Russia still have to address plenty of issues. At the same time, due to political stability and the efforts of the whole nation, Russia has not only recovered and continues to grow stronger economically and socially, it confidently ranks among the leading, authoritative and responsible countries. Our country complies in full with its obligations as one of the guardians of the existing world order. I am sure this will continue in the future. This will be even more effective if we work together. "Thank you very much for your attention." It Is Impossible By Definition To Contain China; Anyone Trying To Do So Will Only Hurt Himself In The Course Of Such An Attempt Nandan Unnikrishnan: "I am from India. Mr President, the world is facing major challenges following the end of unipolarity. Various new concepts arise during this transition to a new world order, such as Eurasia, Greater Eurasia, and so on. "There is a concept that spans the Indian Ocean and the Pacific, and it is called Indo-Pacific. Many say that it was developed by the United States to contain China, although Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently said that this is not so and the Indian Indo-Pacific concept is completely different. It is a completely open system, and any country can join. "What do you think about this concept?" Vladimir Putin: "You see, there are already different interpretations of this concept. May I say a few words about our concept? Our concept is not meant to create new blocs such as Europe or North Atlantic after World War II. "Today in Asia, I think, ASEAN is the central organization and there is a structure for various organizations and platforms around this central ASEAN organization. There is ASEAN +1 and so on, such as the meeting of ASEAN defense ministers. "If such a network structure of various organizations is created and they interact with each other, it can be called anything. If an attempt is made to create some kind of a bloc-based organization, I believe, first, this is un-Asian to begin with and is at odds with the current state of affairs in Asia. "Second, it's unlikely to be feasible, because I know the sentiment of many of our friends in Asia, and they do not want to join any blocs against anyone. They want to create a network of cooperation in various areas, as I said today, in order to, move forward together taking into account each other's interests and seeking and finding compromises. They do not want to be involved in confrontation between any states, and even more so they do not want to be part of any blocs. This is the first part. "The second part is about trying to contain China. I think this is impossible by definition. Anyone trying to do so will realize it's impossible, and will certainly only hurt himself in the course of such an attempt. "In any case, I consider this possible scenario to be destructive and harmful. We should focus on joining efforts to create an environment of friendly cooperation and to search for common security systems. This is something we should work on together, including, of course, India, which is one of the countries closest to us in the world and especially in Asia." We Are Now Helping Our Chinese Partners To Create A Missile Attack Warning System Sergei Luzyanin (Institute of Far Eastern Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences): "Mr President, "We are all aware that this year marks anniversaries for China and for us. It is 70 years since the founding of the People's Republic of China, and 70 years of diplomatic relations between our countries. We have already congratulated our Chinese friends and partners at the Valdai Club. "Our partnership has reached a very high level. So, a question. What opportunities that are already being successfully implemented as part of the partnership can benefit our two countries? What are the areas for partnership? "Perhaps, not all these issues have been sorted out and cooperation has not yet reached its full potential for objective reasons. I am talking about successes and future potential. Thank you." Vladimir Putin: "Successes are there for everyone to see. First, we enjoy an unprecedentedly high level of trust and cooperation. This is an allied relationship in the full sense of a multifaceted strategic partnership. This is reflected in the economy. "We are increasing our trade at a fast pace. As you may be aware, last year it reached $108 billion, although we had only planned to reach this number two years from now. Now, we will start moving to the $200 billion mark. "The trade structure is diversifying. Of course, energy accounts for over 70 percent of our exports, but this is natural. We have the product, and China needs it. This does not mean that we do not engage in other industries or other areas of economic cooperation. "We have already built four units of the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant (which is part of our high-tech cooperation) and are working on four more units. This involves a major, simply huge amount of work. "We are working on a wide-body long-range aircraft and a heavy-duty helicopter. This project will be completed, I have no doubt about it. We are actively cooperating in outer space, and expanding our ties in agriculture. We cannot even cover the needs of China in soybeans. They are ready to buy from us as much as we can produce, but we are not ready for it. "Here is a partial answer to your question: what else needs to be done? We could have met their demand and, I am sorry for putting it bluntly, our farmers could have made some money on this. But we cannot supply soybeans in such quantity. There are not enough proper agricultural areas and related investment has not been made. "We will continue to work together in outer space exploration and cooperate in the military-technical sphere. I am probably not revealing a big secret here, but it will transpire sooner or later anyway: we are now helping our Chinese partners create a missile attack warning system. This is very important and will drastically increase China's defense capability. Only the United States and Russia have such a system now. "We are very closely and deeply involved in cultural cooperation. I will not list everything that goes with this now. "Region-to-region cooperation is at a very high level as well. I am not talking about joint infrastructure which is expanding, but the border provinces of China and the adjacent Russian regions in the Far East interact very well with each other. This is an entire complex, a set of interaction projects. "At the same time, and I want to emphasize this specifically, our friendship or joint work have never been used to oppose anyone. We always work in a positive manner and in each other's interests." The Situation Worsened After The United States' Withdrawal From The INF Treaty Valdai Discussion Club Research Director Fyodor Lukyanov: "We realized while we were preparing for this event that, clearly, there would be more questions than it would be possible to field, so we at the Valdai Club arranged some questions into groups of the same category in advance. I will only ask some of them to save time. "You have talked many times about this subject, but nonetheless, it looks like it remains a major concern. This year a number of events that impact nuclear stability occurred, sending mixed signals. On the one hand, the United States has withdrawn from the INF Treaty, having sparked debate on this issue. The United States has accused Russia. "On the other hand, after that, Mr Bolton, who was the main advocate of withdrawing from this Treaty, lost his job. Probably, in so doing, President Trump meant something else. Discussion on the START Treaty continues, and, so far, it is unclear where it will lead. "A year ago, you and I sat on this stage and you used a very emotionally-charged expression that in the event of a nuclear war, perish the thought, the aggressors would perish and we would go to paradise. Have we moved closer to paradise during this year?" Vladimir Putin: "All of us are always close to God to the same extent and He will decide where we deserve to be at the end of our lives on Earth. But, of course, the situation has not improved. It has worsened after the United States' withdrawal from the INF Treaty. This is clear to everyone. Now we are waiting for the next move. "Moreover, I believe that the United States tested a ground-based intermediate-range missile that was covered by this Treaty shortly after it announced its decision to withdraw from it, indicating that the United States had long since been working on it. Technology like this can't be developed in a couple of months. "This means they had been working at least several years on this missile. As for the rest, they just looked for a pretext to pull out and they found it. I don't believe it was a credible pretext because there were no grounds whatsoever to accuse Russia of violating anything. "On the contrary, we were repeatedly told that the Aegis system could not be used for launching land-based intermediate range missiles. The Aegis system that is already deployed in Europe: in Romania and soon to be deployed in Poland. "We were told no, it is not possible to use it for this purpose. And then – Bang!, they declared that Aegis launchers were used to launch intermediate range missiles. They could at least have waited a while longer. It's clear that we were being conned, or they were trying to con us. And then they owned up to it. "Well, so be it, that's not the point. The point is that the situation has not changed for the better. In view of this escalation we said, I said immediately, that we would be doing the same but we declare from the outset that we would not deploy land-based intermediate range missiles, if we have them, unless US-made systems appear first in those regions. "I said this about five times and there was no response – neither the US has responded so far nor has Europe, like they lost their hearing, can't hear! There are many specialists here, I don't think you need to be told something many times – I said this once, twice, five times. How many more times should I say it? There is only silence, no reaction. "Then, suddenly, we heard from the US military that the first step in this direction would be made in Asia. But this step concerns us too, because we need to understand where in Asia? Will it reach Russian territory or not? "By the way, you can tell what the underlying cause for their withdrawal was – it was neither Russia nor our mythical violations of the treaty. If they are set to deploy this in Asia, it's Asia that is the main reason for withdrawing from the Treaty. I think the analysts see this, and this is an obvious fact no matter how much it is played down in the media. "We are discussing Asian problems today. We will carefully watch the next steps: where in Asia will they appear, who will be threatened? Is this good or not? It's very bad, because corresponding response measures are sure to follow. "Will this improve the situation in Asia? No, it won't. It will only aggravate the situation, and create new threats. But I am really counting on certain possibilities for settling this situation as well before the final decisions have been taken." We Have Practically Ratified the Paris Agreement And Are Committed To Implementing It Tatiana Kastoueva-Jean: "Good afternoon, my name is Tatiana Kastoueva-Jean, I am an analyst at the French Institute of International Relations in Paris. "Mr President, I have a question for you. At the beginning of your speech, you proposed outlining the shape of the future and talking about it. One serious subject, of course, is global warming, climate change. "Russia recently ratified the Paris Climate Agreement, and you know that this topic is very important for President Emmanuel Macron. This is a priority topic for him. "By the way, I think you and President Macron are starting a new phase in our relations; it would also be interesting to talk about this. "But I will return to my question. In France and in Europe in general, there is some basic consensus on climate change, although recently this young girl Greta Thunberg added a lot of polarization even to this issue, where there was consensus on, in general." Vladimir Putin: "What did she do?" Tatiana Kastoueva-Jean: "She created further division to the debate. As for Russia, it seems to me that there has always been such a duality in relations, even in the doctrines, because Russian Environmental Security Doctrine says the right things, while the Economic Security Doctrine through 2025 says that green economic development is a threat and has risks for the Russian economy, and it is clear why: because oil and gas represent a very high percent of exports. "It's the same thing, the same duality in the reasons for explaining climate change. Is it the result of human activity, or is it part of the Earth's global cycles? "We see the same duality in corporate relations. Is this a chance for the future? We spoke today in the morning session about how Russia could occupy a very interesting place in the new global green economy. Or is this a risk, the loss of margins, the loss of corporate profits? "And the same thing at the level of global rivalry (we also talked about this at the Valdai Club session) that an environmental instrument can also become an instrument for economic, commercial, and financial war in the hands of strong players? "Do you think that Russia put an end to these doubts, hesitations and questions by ratifying this agreement? Will a new socioeconomic development paradigm emerge now at the domestic and external global levels? Will this topic be a unifying measure, or the cause of further division?" Vladimir Putin: "As for the uniformity of approaches and evaluations, we will probably never reach this. Indeed, experts in various fields who somehow try to answer the question about the causes of climate change do not give unambiguous answers to the causes of climate change. "There are different opinions, I have heard them. Some say there is some global change in space that affects the Earth, so from time to time huge changes like this take place on our planet. I sailed along the Lena River in our country and saw high banks with deposits containing the remains of obviously ancient tropical mammals, which lived in tropical seas. I am talking about the Lena River, its stretch north of the Arctic Circle. It means back then the climate there was like this. Well, were there any anthropogenic emissions at the time? Of course, not. You see, there is no answer. "Just the same, my position is that if the human race is responsible for climate change, even in the slightest degree, and this climate change has grave implications, and if we can do something to, at least, slow down this process and avoid its negative consequences, we must spare no effort. This is our position. Despite all disagreements, we will support the international efforts to combat climate change. "Indeed, we have practically ratified the Paris Agreement and are committed to implementing it. You said we hesitated or argued about it. There will always be room for doubt or disputes. But look at the obligations that we undertook and those undertaken by our partners. We are committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 70 or 75 percent by 2050. "By the way, the European Union has undertaken to cut the same type of gas emissions by 60 percent. We have approved a national environmental program. It sets forth in detail what we must do and how we must do it complete with the deadlines. We have approved 12 federal programs under the national project to work to change the situation regarding the environment. Gas emissions in 12 of the largest metropolises in our country, where they affect people's lives and have a negative impact on the environment, must be reduced by 20 percent. "We have adopted a program to deal with waste dumps – not only with primitive rubbish dumps but with hazardous waste as well. We have adopted a program to extend protected nature areas by five million square kilometers. We have a whole set of measures that we are not just intending to carry out but we have already started to implement and they have already been made law in our country. So, we are determined to move, together with our partners, along this path that is laid down in the Paris Agreement. "As for the hydrocarbons, I think it was yesterday that I said the structure of the Russian energy sector is one of the world's greenest. The nuclear power and hydropower industries in our country account for a third of the energy sector and gas accounts for 50 percent of the remaining two-thirds. "We have one of the greenest energy sectors in the world plus the capacity of our forests to absorb [waste carbon dioxide]. So, we understand the threats that everyone, including us, are exposed to. The warming rate in Russia exceeds that in the rest of the world by 2.5 percent. We are aware of this. "And one more thing: there are forests ablaze in one part of our country while close to it there is flooding and there is also drought and so on. We are well aware of this and we will do, jointly with the whole world, with the humankind, whatever it takes to preserve nature and the environment." 'How Can We Cooperate With The US When They Are So Engaged In Their Domestic Political Affairs?' Fyodor Lukyanov: "There is a group of similar questions: Angela Stent and Jill Dougherty would like to ask the President about this, and actually this question can be addressed to all participants as well. The situation in the United States is rather complicated at the moment, and has become particularly so in the past week. "It is hard to understand what is happening there, with domestic policy issues clearly dominating. Is it possible to build relations in such condition at all? Or maybe we should wait? "Another similar question is from Professor Wang Wei from China. He asks you to share experience with Chinese authorities as they do not understand how they should act. Maybe you know some sort of secret – you, Mr President, and all those present?" Vladimir Putin: "I do not think that Chinese need our advice. If they are saying they do not understand something, this means they do not want you to know they actually do. Maybe it is an advantage for them to make you think they do not understand certain things. "In fact, I have very close and friendly relations with them, without exaggeration; we have always said this, both in public and behind the scenes. We have friendly relations with the Chinese leader, Mr Xi Jinping. China pursues a global-level policy. They understand everything, they know everything and are ready to respond to any scenario. "As regards the developments in the United States – how can we cooperate with them when they are so engaged in their domestic political affairs? Obviously, this is always the case during an election campaign, and the United States is no exception. But this domestic political race has got a little over the top. I do not think this has ever occurred in the history of the United States before. "But life goes on, and we should factor in the current domestic situation there. But it is simply not possible to steer clear of such a global power as the United States. We intend to do as much as the US itself is ready for." If Some Subordinate Officials Interfere With Macron's Work, He Should Just Cut Them Down To Size, Or Replace Them Fyodor Lukyanov: "Here is a question from Professor Pascal Boniface from France (I do not see him here but he has sent the question). When recently addressing diplomats, President Emmanuel Macron said that the so-called deep state, or some hidden powers in the administration, prevent the development of relations with Russia. He would like to accelerate this process but they hinder it. "The question is why these hidden structures in France – and maybe somewhere else – impede the development of these relations? And why Russia, after all?" Vladimir Putin: "What administration – the US or French?" Fyodor Lukyanov: "The French one." Vladimir Putin: "The French administration?" Fyodor Lukyanov: "Yes." Vladimir Putin: "But who is the President of France – me or Mr Macron? He is the person to put things right. Why ask me about this at all? First, I have not heard what he said and I know nothing about it. If some subordinate officials interfere with his work, he should just cut them down to size, or replace them. Bring your supporters and associates into your administration, and you will work as a team and achieve efficient results." We Must Certainly Not Be Slow Or Lag Behind In The Development Of AI; We Have Every Chance To Excel In This Area Fyodor Lukyanov: "We have Professor Mohan here. He has a very good question on your favourite topic, Mr President. Please pass the microphone to Professor Mohan." C. Raja Mohan: "President Putin, "Two years ago, you said something about artificial intelligence, what it's going to do to world politics. You said the country that is going to have the lead has the opportunity to become the new hegemon. How do you look at it two years on the road? There's one part. "The second part is – Where is Russia in this? If the US and China are racing ahead, does Russia have a national policy where it can contribute to these true partnerships with other countries? And then, looking at the longer-term picture, is there a way Russia can contribute to the regulation creating new norms in relation to the AI both in the civil and military domains. After all, Russia did in the 20th century in relation to nuclear technologies, so your views on AI now, both in the civil and military sense." Vladimir Putin: "First about what I said two years ago. You know, I have to admit I was only plagiarizing. Those were not my own words because experts around the world are saying that Artificial Intelligence will completely reshape the world and our approaches to solving pressing issues and problems of the future. "Entire industries will change; some will become obsolete and new ones will emerge. New jobs will be required. Old professions will die out and we need to understand how to address resulting social problems such as the redundant workforce, etc. "Healthcare will change completely. Artificial Intelligence will affect countries' defense capability because those who have this technology will have an advantage that is perhaps incomparable to nuclear weapons. "What has changed? The pace of change becoming faster. Can Russia make any kind of contribution to the global efforts in developing Artificial Intelligence or, for example, genetics? Of course, it can. "Our software developers are working everywhere in the world and working successfully. Historically, we have always had strong mathematics education – and the discipline at the root of Artificial Intelligence is first and foremost mathematics. There is technology but mathematics is still at the core. "So what are we doing? We have an entire state program aimed at developing AI, just like in China, the United States and some other countries. We are building up our efforts. We believe that we must certainly not be slow or lag behind, and we have every chance to excel in this area. "It would still be the best thing if efforts of the humankind are consolidated; if there are common rules for handling new technologies. Common rules of communication in this area are extremely important for the world to be stable." 'I Do Not Want To Characterize The Stalin Regime Now... This Is A Black Page In The History Of Our Country. But Saying That Stalin Started The War Is Utter Cynicism' Fyodor Lukyanov: "Another good question. Mr Alexander Rahr, could you please ask it?" Alexander Rahr: "Mr President, there is an odd question here, but let us get over to Europe. The European Parliament adopted a decision which I think is not quite adequate – a resolution where Nazi Germany would be set side by side with Communist Russia. And they insist that both Stalin and Hitler started World War II together. "I think it will legitimize further NATO expansion, lead to a new schism, and, most crucially, to misunderstanding among the youth and among the people in Europe. What can be done to stop this?" Vladimir Putin: "I do not want to characterize the Stalin regime now. You know, we all know about the repressions, camps, losses among our people, our citizens during those repressions. This is a black page in the history of our country. "But saying that Stalin started the war is utter cynicism. As if it was the Soviet Union that attacked Germany at 4 am on June 22, and not the German troops crossed the Soviet border, violating the existing non-aggression treaty, attacked the Soviet Union unilaterally without declaring war. "Let us not forget the sad outcome, the tragic outcome, tragic for the people of the Soviet Union: 25–27 million dead (no one has been able to make a final count to this day), and about ten million dead in Germany. This is a tragedy. "Do not forget that it was the Soviet troops that stormed Berlin. This is regarding the speculations about certain countries' contribution to the fight against Nazism. "I just said – the Soviet Union losses stand at 25–27 million, the US losses amount to half a million, while the UK lost 350,000–400,000 altogether. "All major German troops (not all but the most combatant forces, both in the number and quality) were accumulated in the eastern front. For some reason there are attempts to confuse, play down and misinterpret all that. "I think the threat is that the key thing may be lost in the process of all these manipulations: people may begin to stop fearing the recurrence of such tragedies. That is the point. And in my view all of us, all sane people, – must stand up to it." Asian Countries Must Take The Place They Deserve In Global Politics And International Affairs Vitaly Naumkin: "... During these four days, we have discussed various issues related to the current state of the world order, and made a firm conclusion that it is undergoing a crisis and the future global order will be established with an increasing role of Asian countries. "How do you see this future global order?" Vladimir Putin: "The existing system of international relations, international institutions and structures took shape following WWII as its result. The situation around the globe is changing drastically, both in Europe and on the American continent, with new rapidly growing and developing players, as well as in Africa, and, of course, Asia. "For the existing system and its institutions to last, it has to correspond to the realities of the ever-changing world. I believe that we must not destroy what has been created in the past decades, but should gradually transform it and adapt it to these realities, with due consideration of the growing power and prospects of Asia's development in general and certain Asian countries in particular. They certainly have the right to and must take the place they deserve in global politics and international affairs."     [1] Kremlin.ru, October 3, 2019. [2] Read Putin's article "Russia at the Turn of the Millennium", December 30, 2019.

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October 11, 2019 MEMRI Daily Brief No. 199

Dear Mr. President: You Are Unable To Destroy The Turkish Economy, As You Warned – Because Your Bogus Ally Qatar Will Save Turkey Yet Again From Your Sanctions

October 11, 2019 | By Yigal Carmon
Qatar, Turkey | MEMRI Daily Brief No. 199
"As I have stated strongly before, and just to reiterate, if Turkey does anything that I, in my great and unmatched wisdom, consider to be off limits, I will totally destroy and obliterate the Economy of Turkey (I’ve done before!)..." -President Donald Trump, October 7, 2019[1]   In view of President Trump's warning to Turkey that if it "does anything" that he "consider[s] to be off limits" he will "totally destroy and obliterate the Economy of Turkey," it is worth considering the analysis below which explains why the president is, in fact, unable to do this. The following is the analysis published by MEMRI on January 15, 2019,[2] at the time of the previous U.S.-Turkey crisis: There have been inexplicable phenomena in the Middle East for some years now. Any attempt to explain them logically comes up against a dead end, and gives way to conspiracy theories. How can one logically explain both Israel's and the U.S.'s prostration to Qatar? Theories range from the conspiratorial, such as Qatari infiltration of the two governments, to the seemingly implausible assumption that these governments and their agencies are simply naïfs, fools, and ignoramuses (pick one or more). Let us list some examples: The U.S. is the only country that surpasses Israel in groveling to Qatar, despite the latter's unending anti-U.S. incitement, particularly against the current U.S. administration. As far as the Al-Jazeera TV channel, owned by the Qatari emir, is concerned, the Democrats are the only legitimate party in the U.S., and the few Republicans worthy of coverage are Sen. Rand Paul – presented as a political heavyweight – and former senator Bob Corker, whose decision to not seek reelection in 2018 was concealed from the viewers as if it were a trifle. For years, the U.S. has felt indebted to Qatar for hosting the Al-Udeid airbase and CENTCOM headquarters. Pentagon chiefs and American political leaders come and go, and no one remembers that it is Qatar that is indebted to the U.S. for maintaining the base. Qatar originally built it, at a cost of $2 billion, to guarantee an American presence there, since without this presence the Qatari regime would have been devoured long ago. Today, faced with the threat of a Saudi or Emirati offer to the U.S. outdoing Qatar, Qatar is buying Pentagon goodwill by building an entire city to host the American servicemen's dependents, and is expanding Al-Udeid. But this deal, that assures Qatar's survival, has exacted a heavy price from the U.S. American fighter bombers are engaged in the Sisyphean task of setting out from Al-Udeid to strike at Islamic terrorists who were nurtured by Qatari propaganda – propaganda that cultivates a new crop of jihadis for the Americans to bomb – and the cycle continues. Qatari TV lavished favorable coverage on Iran and Turkey, even though the former is a declared political target of U.S. policy, and the latter, under President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, relentlessly spreads propaganda demonizing the U.S. and painting it as a sworn enemy. But no one has told U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo about this. On his current Middle East trip, Pompeo hailed Qatar as a "great friend."[3] He insisted on promoting a self-defeating policy of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) unity – including Qatar – against Iran, while Qatar's regime-owned TV channel works ceaselessly to bring down the regimes of other GCC countries such as Saudi Arabia and the UAE. So what unity is Secretary Pompeo talking about, and how can he consider Qatar an ally? While he attempts to cobble together an anti-Iran front to curb Iran's expansion, his "great friend" Qatar insists that "Iran, just like any other country, has legitimate interests" in Syria, as long as it does not disregard the interests of the Syrian people.[4] Interestingly, the "great friend's" Al-Jazeera TV has signed a cooperation agreement with the official Iranian news agency IRNA – whose managing director, Mohammad Khoddadi, visited Doha this summer, at the invitation of the Qatar Human Rights Committee, for a freedom of speech conference at which the major human rights violator Iran took a star turn.[5] Moreover, U.S. President Trump wants to deter Turkey from striking the Kurds, and is warning them that he will destroy their economy. Erdogan phoned him, in an attempt to placate him, – but should push come to shove, President Trump will find that he is unable bring Erdogan to heel. This is because the bogus U.S. ally Qatar will save Turkey yet again from Trump's sanctions, much as it did in 2018 when it tossed Erdogan an $18 billion lifeline, stopping the plunge of the Turkish lira, assuring Erdogan of funds to disburse in advance of the local elections, and prolonging the suffering of the captive Pastor Brunson. Another problem that Trump and Pompeo ignoring the Doha-Ankara military pact, under which Turkey may build bases in Qatar and may freely use Qatar's airspace. Since the pact gives Turkey the right to operate freely in Qatari airspace, the freedom of the U.S. Air Force at Al-Udeid will be limited. But is this the behavior of a "great friend" who depends on the U.S. for its very survival? Turkish President Erdoğan with Qatari Tamim Al-Thani (Source: atimes.com) Qatar's support for terrorism as it feigns opposition to it has been a fundamental element of Qatar's political conduct since the Al-Thani clan took power in Qatar. MEMRI has exposed this duplicity in numerous reports. The following are just a few examples: In a live broadcast in November 2014, Al-Jazeera TV allowed Islamic scholar Hussein Muhammad Hussein to pledge allegiance to ISIS leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi (Islamic Scholar Pledges Allegiance to ISIS Emir Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi Live on Al-Jazeera TV). A decade earlier, Al-Jazeera allowed the Iran-affiliated terrorist operative Anis Al-Naqqash to call for attacks on U.S. oil facilities, also live (Terrorist Anis Al-Naqqash Calls on Al-Jazeera TV for Strikes against U.S. Oil Facilities). In September 2017, Oman deported Indian cleric and ISIS supporter Salman Al-Nadwi for inciting against U.S. President Trump and Saudi King Salman, and Qatar took him in. The next morning, he met in Qatar with the antisemitic, anti-U.S. Muslim Brotherhood (MB) ideologue Sheikh Yousuf Al-Qaradawi, who has long enjoyed safe haven there, along with the freedom to spread his venom across the Muslim world on Al-Jazeera (see Oman Deports Indian Cleric Salman Al-Nadwi to Qatar after He Lambasted Saudi King and U.S. President; see also In Letter, Leading Indian Islamic Scholar Maulana Salman Al-Nadwi Congratulates Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi On Assuming Role Of Caliph: "You Are Bravely Standing As A Rock"). Two months before 9/11, Al-Jazeera aired a program lionizing Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda[6] (Terror in America (30) Retrospective: A bin Laden Special on Al-Jazeera Two Months Before 9/11) a call-in from a supposedly random member of the audience who was actually Al-Qaeda spokesman Suleiman Abu-Gheit making a recruiting pitch . Years later, in 2014, Al-Jazeera published a lengthy and sympathetic interview with Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani, commander of Jabhat Al-Nusra, the Al-Qaeda affiliate in Syria (see In Wide-Ranging Interview, Jabhat Al-Nusra Commander Al-Joulani Discusses Jihad in Syria, Declares: Our Conflict with ISIS Has Been Resolved). The list goes on and on (see Qatar, The Emirate That Fools Them All, And Its Enablers). The U.S. prostration to Qatar was understandable, though unwarranted, during the tenure of U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, since he was known as Qatar's man. Reportedly, during his time as CEO of Exxon-Mobil, he promoted the Qatari LNG project that transformed the Lilliputian Qatar into the gas Gulliver that it is today. But now that he has been replaced by Secretary Pompeo, the continuation of this pro-Doha policy is as inexplicable as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's courtship of Qatar. Israel's collusion with Qatar allows the latter to circumvent U.S. law prohibiting bank transfers to Hamas – a designated terrorist organization according to both the U.S. and Israel – by sending cash in suitcases to Gaza. Israeli representatives justify this by insisting that Israel determines the recipients of these funds, and that Qatar is abiding by these Israeli instructions. But this is beyond pathetic. Gaza in its entirety is in the iron grip of Hamas, and Qatar's cash shipments can go only to recipients designated by Hamas – and, indirectly, to Hamas itself.[7] Just a few days ago, on January 11, 2019, Hamas offered $1 million to anyone who could reveal the identity of the Israeli soldiers who participated in the abortive November 2018 operation south of Gaza City. Where is this $1 million coming from? The Netanyahu government's naiveté surpasses even the gullibility of the Labor government that preceded it – that trusted Yasser Arafat. Today, even Israel's political center acknowledges that Arafat was fooling Israel from day one. Furthermore, the Israeli government allows Qatari diplomat Muhammad Al-Imadi to move freely between Israel and Gaza, with no demand for diplomatic reciprocity – even though there was once an Israeli delegation in Doha that was shut down by the Qataris. Israel not only permits Al-Jazeera to operate in both Israel and the West Bank – it grants it special privileges, such as entry to Israeli army bases and interviews with army commanders, again with no demand for reciprocity. And all this goes on while Al-Jazeera, the Qatari propaganda channel, continues its unrelenting incitement and demonization of Israel and spews venom about U.S. attempts to reconcile between Israel and the Gulf states.[8] It is inconceivable that in the fight against antisemitism, Israel itself is showing favoritism to an emirate, and a TV channel, that has given safe haven to, and showcased, one of the MB's most notorious spiritual leaders, who called the Holocaust divine punishment for the Jews and added, "Allah willing, the next time will be at the hands of the believers" – i.e. the Muslims (Sheikh Yousuf Al-Qaradhawi: Allah Imposed Hitler upon the Jews to Punish Them - "Allah Willing, the Next Time Will Be at the Hand of the Believers"). This phenomenon of illogical actions on the part of both the U.S. and Israel vis-à-vis Qatar is bound to give rise to theories based on Qatar's reputation as a country that can buy anyone or anything – including, reportedly, FIFA.[9] It is noteworthy that Qatar has pledged to invest $45 billion in the U.S. over the next two years.[10] Could this be inducing the U.S. to ignore its own strategic interests? Whether out of ignorance or venality, the U.S.'s clinging to Qatar despite its anti-U.S. actions dooms the Trump administration's Middle East policy – just as the Obama administration's Iran fixation doomed its Middle East policy. Likewise, Netanyahu will discover what is clear as day to everyone else – that that his enabling of Qatar's support for Hamas will backfire in the next Gaza war, at the cost of many Israeli lives.   *Yigal Carmon is President of MEMRI.     [1] Twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/1181232249821388801, October 7, 2019. [2] MEMRI Daily Brief, Dear Mr. President: You Are Unable To Devastate The Turkish Economy, As You Warned – Because Your Bogus Ally Qatar Will Save Turkey Yet Again From Your Sanctions, January 15, 2019. [3] The New Arab, January 13, 2019. [4] Interfax.com, January 5, 2019. [5] IRNA, July 25, 2018. [6] The Qatari claim that this was simply professional journalism CNN-style is devoid of truth. There is a critical difference between concise Western media coverage of bin Laden's speeches for Western audiences and Qatar's showcasing of bin Laden's videos that were aimed at winning Muslim support for Al-Qaeda and at promoting jihad.  [7] Israel peddles the line that its support for Hamas is a Machiavellian stroke aimed at reinforcing the schism between Gaza and the Palestinian Authority, thereby indirectly preventing an agreement involving Israeli withdrawals. This argument merely shows that the Likud government has, like its predecessors, failed to realize that no agreement is possible because the Palestinians are unwilling to renounce the right of Palestinian return that is rejected even by the Israeli left. Thus, the schism will remain without Israeli intervention. [8] Israeli government representatives' argument that Israel is using Al-Jazeera as a conduit for Israeli messages and thus serve Israel's interests is nonsensical. The final product show that Al-Jazeera is taking advantage of this privilege to produce yet another anti-Israel, specifically anti-Netanyahu, propaganda piece. [9] Theguardian.com/football/2017/nov/14/fifa-bribery-corruption-trial-qatar-2022-world-cup , November 14, 2017. [10] Alaraby.co.uk, January 13, 2019. Also according to this source, the Qatari sovereign wealth fund has purchased major stakes in Deutsche Bank, Credit Suisse, the London Stock Exchange, and Volkswagen.

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Oct 07, 2019
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Kurdish Academic Dr. Sarbast Nabi: “The Turkish Army is Coming to Fight the Kurdish People”; Erdoğan Set on Demographic Engineering in Kurdistan

#7529 | 03:00
Source: Al-Arabiya TV (Dubai/Saudi Arabia)

Dr. Sarbast Nabi, a Kurdish Academic who teaches the history of modern philosophy at Koya University in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, was interviewed by Al-Arabiya Network (Saudi Arabia) on October 7, 2019. In the interview, Dr. Nabi said that Turkish President Recep Tayyib Erdoğan had ushered ISIS fighters into Syria. He asserted that Erdoğan only “started talking about terrorism” when local ethnic groups defended the area from ISIS. Dr. Nabi continued to say that “the Turkish army is coming to fight the Kurdish people.” He said that Erdoğan is set on committing demographic engineering and replacing the native Kurdish people with others, such as former ISIS members and Uyghurs. According to Dr. Nabi, Erdoğan has stated that 95% of the Kurdish lands are in fact Arab land and that he would take back Mosul and Kirkuk before 2023.

Following are excerpts:

 

Sarbast Nabi: The [Syrian] border with Turkey used to be safer than the Mexico-U.S. border. We know that when ISIS and Al-Qaeda settled near the Turkish border, this did not upset the Turkish military, and we did not hear a word from Erdoğan, who ushered in all the foreign ISIS fighters into Syria. There are Turkish stamps on their passports. They were brought into Syria. Erdoğan started to talk about terrorism only when the local ethnic groups made the area secure. The Turkish army is coming in order to fight the Kurdish people, just like it did in Afrin, where it drove out 75% of the population, destroyed all the shrines and holy places of the different religions and denominations, and imposed the Islamic education system sanctioned by the Turkish wakf. Today in the city of Afrin – and this proves what I am saying – there are doctors – ISIS members – who used to work for ISIS and then the Turkish government opened clinics for them. They are ISIS members and they work in hospitals in Afrin. The Turkish president says that 95% of this land is Arab land, and that he will give it back to the original population. Recep Tyyip Erdoğan has become a spokesman for pan-Arabism, and a Baathist of the first degree. This is very strange. This man does not conceal his desire to engage in demographic engineering and in the annihilation of identities and deeply-rooted historical cultures.

 

[…]

 

For the Kurds and for the Assyrians, Arabs and other nationalities in the region this is an existential threat. The aspirations of the Turkish president do not stop at the Syrian border. He says that Mosul and Kirkuk constitute Turkish land and that he will take it back before 2023.

 

[…]

 

You have brought extremists from Central Asia. You have brought them from among the Uyghurs of Chinese Turkestan.  There are videos that show this. There are villages [in Syria] that have become entirely Uyghur. If you have a cause – go fight China and [demonstrate] your nationalist or Islamist heroism. Don’t displace the original people. Don’t destroy shrines and places of worship. You have destroyed archeological sites that date back more than 3,000 years, with your airplanes and tanks. These are the facts.

 

 

Incite The Believers Operations Room Denounces Internationally Sponsored Diplomatic Solution In Syria, Calls For Continued Jihad

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October 11, 2019

On October 9, 2019 the Incite The Believers Operations Room published a statement calling for the continuation of the jihad to restore independent control of the decision-making in Syria.[1] The statement condemned all efforts to establish an internationally sponsored constitution which could lead to...

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October 10, 2019 Inquiry & Analysis Series No. 1478

Despite The JCPOA, Iran Accelerates Its Nuclear Research And Development – While The U.S., After Leaving The JCPOA, In Fact Preserves It With Waivers For Member Countries Allowing Them To Help Iran Continue Civilian Nuclear Development

October 10, 2019
Iran | Inquiry & Analysis Series No. 1478
By: A. Savyon and M. Avraham* Introduction Although since President Trump's May 2018 announcement on the matter, the U.S. is regarded as having withdrawn from the JCPOA nuclear deal,[1] it in effect remains in the agreement because it continues to provide significant waivers to the U.S. sanctions for the rest of the countries in the JCOPA to help Iran develop its nuclear program. That is, the U.S. is preserving the civilian nuclear cooperation with Iran by the JCPOA members, allowing Europe, Russia, and China to continue to uphold the agreement (see July 2019 statements on this matter by then-U.S. national security advisor John Bolton).[2] It is Iran that is withdrawing from the JCPOA, emptying it of meaning by unilaterally cancelling the agreement's technical restrictions on its activity. For example, on September 4, 2019, Iran announced its third step in withdrawing from its obligations under the agreement; the two previous steps included increasing its enriched uranium inventory beyond the 300 kg permitted in the agreement, and enriching uranium to above the permitted 3.67%. However, Iran is carefully preserving the framework of the JCPOA, even stating that it is doing so in order to preserve international recognition of it as a nuclear state and as a state entitled to enrich uranium. Iran will never announce that it is withdrawing from the JCPOA because it has no intention of relinquishing this recognition – since the Iranian regime's first and most important strategic and political aim in pursuing the JCPOA was to achieve it.[3] In recent weeks, senior Iranian spokesmen have announced that Iran is further abandoning its obligations under the JCPOA. First and foremost, Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei stressed, on October 2, 2019, that Iran would continue to cut back on its JCPOA obligations "until we attain the required result." Earlier, on September 4, Iranian President Hassan Rohani announced Iran's third step, namely, Iran's cancellation of the timetable to which it had committed under the agreement and its resumption and acceleration of its research and development free of all restrictions. A few days later, on September 7, Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) spokesman Behrouz Kamalvandi clarified the nature of this third step, explaining that Iran was in effect erasing the years-long restriction on its development of advanced centrifuges, and that it was now continuing its nuclear development program – ostensibly permitted by the JCPOA – without it being recognized as a violation of the JCPOA. Following that, at a October 7 press conference, AEOI director Ali Akbar Salehi said that these steps by Iran were being undertaken as part of its cutbacks on its obligations under the JCPOA. He explained that Iran was accelerating its nuclear research and development, its uranium enrichment, and its activity at the Arak reactor. All this means that Iran is stepping up its nuclear program, ostensibly in the framework of the JCPOA, while at the same time unilaterally rejecting its obligations under the agreement. This report will present Iranian officials' explanations of the essence of this third step in Iran's withdrawal from its JCPOA obligations and what it means for Iran's nuclear development program. Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei: "We Must Continue [To Act] With Determination And Precision To Cut Back On Our Nuclear Obligations... Until We Attain The Required Result – And We Surely Will Attain It" In an October 2, 2019 speech to thousands of commanders of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) on the Islamic Revolution's and the IRGC's victory over their enemies – i.e. the U.S., as leader of the "world of oppression and arrogance" – Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei twice ordered the continuation of Iran's cutbacks in its obligations under the JCPOA "until we attain the required result," though he did not specify what that would be. At the same time, it can be inferred that the goal to which Iran aspires is the eradication of any possibility of Iranian submission to the U.S. – that is, strategic and military supremacy over it, apparently in the form of a nuclear bomb. Khamenei said: "America's 'maximal pressure' policy has without a doubt been defeated, and Iran will not submit to the regime that seeks hegemony [i.e. the U.S.]. [The Americans] have made efforts recently, with the help of their European friends, to meet with [Iranian President] Rohani and to make it look like Iran was defeated. But the efforts were pointless. Iran will continue to cut back on its nuclear obligations with vigor and determination until the desired outcome is reached... We must continue [to act] with determination and precision to cut back on our nuclear obligations, and the AEOI is charged with carrying this out, just as the government announced, until we attain the required result – and we surely will attain it...[4] Khamenei's veiled reference to "the required result," along with Iran's steps that empty the JCPOA of its content and its acceleration of its nuclear research and development program, may have prompted him to reiterate statements he had made in the past about the religious ban on the use of nuclear weapons. In an October 9, 2019 speech, he said that according to Islam, Iran was prohibited from using a nuclear bomb – adding, however, that "Iran is capable of doing so." He said: "Iran has a mighty and determined position in the matter of the religious ban on the use of a nuclear bomb. Although we were able to go down this path [and attain a nuclear bomb], we have declared the use of this weapon completely prohibited by religious law, according to the precepts of Islam. Therefore, there is no reason to spend money on producing and storing weapons whose use is strictly forbidden..."[5] It should be emphasized that in his statements, Khamenei referred only to a ban on the use of nuclear weapons, not to a sweeping ban on producing or storing them. Furthermore, MEMRI has published a series of reports concerning Khamenei's alleged nuclear fatwa showing that it does not actually exist. See: Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif Reiterates Iran's Lie, Promoted By Obama Administration, That Supreme Leader Khamenei Issued Fatwa Banning Nuclear Weapons; No Such Fatwa Ever Existed Renewed Iran-West Nuclear Talks – Part II: Tehran Attempts to Deceive U.S. President Obama, Sec'y of State Clinton With Nonexistent Anti-Nuclear Weapons Fatwa By Supreme Leader Khamenei Release Of Compilation Of Newest Fatwas By Iranian Supreme Leader Khamenei – Without Alleged Fatwa About Nuclear Bomb President Obama Endorses The Lie About Khamenei's 'Fatwa' Against Nuclear Weapons The Official Iranian Version Regarding Khamenei's Alleged Anti-Nuclear Weapons Fatwa Is A Lie Iranian President Hassan Rohani In Article In Saudi Daily: While Avoiding Confrontation And Hostility, We Shall Be Diligent In Pursuing Our Supreme Interests U.S. Secretary Of State Kerry In New And Unprecedented Statement: 'President Obama And I Are Both Extremely Welcoming And Grateful For The Fact That [Iranian] Supreme Leader [Khamenei] Has Issued A [Nonexistent] Fatwa' Banning Nuclear Weapons Tehran Again Offers Khamenei's Nonexistent Fatwa In Negotiations As A Guarantee That It Is Not Developing Nuclear Weapon Iranian Regime Continues Its Lies And Fabrications About Supreme Leader Khamenei's Nonexistent Fatwa Banning Nuclear Weapons Insights Following Exposure Of Iran's Military Nuclear Program – Part I: The Leadership Of Iran's Religious Regime Lies About Essential Islamic Matters, Manipulates Religion To Justify Its Grip On Power, Regional Expansion Iranian President Rohani: "All Research And Development Timetables To Which We Are Obligated Under The Nuclear Agreement Are Completely Cancelled Starting Friday [September 6, 2019]" At a September 4, 2019 government meeting, Iranian President Hassan Rohani explained why Iran's third step in withdrawing from its JCPOA obligations is significant for the country's nuclear research and development program: "The external form of the third step is not particularly impressive, but its essence is especially important. In my view, this step is the most important of the three steps [taken by Iran to withdraw from the obligations], and its impact will be outstanding. God willing, by means of this step and the instructions that will be released today or tomorrow, the AEOI will exit the current framework of the normal pace of progress, and its activity to achieve its goals will be extraordinarily accelerated."[6] Later that day, Rohani announced the cancellation of restrictions on Iran's nuclear research and development: "...In the third step, the AEOI is obligated to begin immediately [any] research and development [activity] required by the state. It must abandon any obligation under the nuclear agreement pertaining to research and development, so that we see rapid expansion of research and development of the new centrifuges and of anything required for enriching [uranium]. "We know that this is a big step... All research and development timetables to which we are obligated under the nuclear agreement are completely cancelled starting Friday [September 6, 2019], and we will carry out, under the oversight of the International Atomic Energy Agency and within the framework of the peaceful activity, any [nuclear] activity that is technically necessary and that advances nuclear technology. At the same time, we will give the 4+1 countries [Britain, France, China, Russia, and Germany] a two-month opportunity [to compensate Iran for the U.S. sanctions]. If we succeed in reaching an agreement, we might resume our obligations under the JCPOA..."[7] AEOI Spokesman Kamalvandi: "We Are Already Reaching The End Of The JCPOA Technically – Only One Or Two More Issues Remain, And Once They Are Carried Out [Iran] Will Have No More Obligations" Under The JCPOA At a September 7 press conference, Behrouz Kamalvandi, spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI), explained the nature of Iran's third step to cut back on its obligations under the JCPOA. Stressing that Iran is in effect erasing the years-long restrictions on its development of new-generation centrifuges, he said that it is now continuing to develop its nuclear program, ostensibly under the JCPOA and without this activity being recognized as a violation of it. He said: "Today we have carried out four things: The first is with regard to Section 39, Annex I [of the JCPOA], that is, the production of enriched material by means of new-generation centrifuges and nonintervention [in the separation of] waste from the product. This activity was meant to be carried out only 10 years after the beginning of the JCPOA. From now on, when the centrifuges are operated for research and development [purposes] it will at the same time help increase our [uranium] inventory. "The second is the injection of gas into the IR6s centrifuges, which is mentioned in Section 32 of Annex I, that was expected to be carried out at the beginning of the 11th year of the JCPOA. "The third is the operation of a cascade of 20 IR4 centrifuges, mentioned in Section 35 of Annex I, that was expected to be carried out in the beginning of the 11th year of the JCPOA. "The fourth is the injection of gas into the cascade of 20 IR6 centrifuges, that was expected to be carried out in late November of this year. The injection of gas into a cascade of 30 machines will happen in the coming months, such that in effect in the next two months 60 IR6 centrifuges will operate in research and development, and will increase Iran's enriched uranium inventory. These are actions that have been underway since September 6, 2019. "During the next two months, and before the end of the phase of the third step, we will have three more important and valuable activities: The first is the activation and injection of gas into the cascade of 164 IR4 centrifuges; the second is the activation of the cascade of the 164 IR2m centrifuges, and the third is the injection of gas into the middle cascade of IR5s centrifuges... "With regard to the JCPOA and whether or not it has reached its end, this is a political matter, and the politicians must discuss it. Our role is technical, and our obligations in this area are known. [It can be said] that we are already reaching the end of the JCPOA technically. Only one or two more issues remain, and once they are carried out [Iran] will have no more obligations [under it]."[8] AEOI Director Salehi: "We Will Add 45% To Our Enrichment Capability; There Is An Increase In Production Of Uranium Enriched To Over 3.5%"; In Two Or Three Weeks, We Will Reach 2,500 Kg Of Enriched [Uranium] Using New-Generation Centrifuges" Speaking at a press conference about the steps Iran was taking to cut back on its obligations under the JCPOA and the way forward for nuclear research and development, uranium enrichment, and the Arak reactor, AEOI director Ali Akbar Salehi said on October 7: "In the technical part of the nuclear talks, we tried hard to preserve the essence of the research, in accordance with the directives [from Supreme Leader] Khamenei and his emphasis on this matter. That is, we did not compromise on a thing in the research, and in the JCPOA framework not one Iranian right to research was cancelled. Therefore, the only restriction was time, and the number [of centrifuges]. "Before the JCPOA came into force, Iran was working on five or six advanced centrifuges like the IR2, IR4, IR6, and IR8. There were research and development on all these centrifuges under the JCPOA. In effect, when we want to test mechanical stability or the [nuclear] process, an agreement will be made [with the IAEA] with regard to the number of tests... "In the next three or four weeks, we will unveil a cascade of 30 IR6 machines. Other machines too will be unveiled, in different numbers... "Within up to a month's time, that is, by the end of the third step in cutting back on our obligations under the JCPOA, the AEOI will add almost 3,500 SWU [separative work units, i.e. centrifuges] to the existing number of 5,060 SWU. Thus we will increase our enrichment capability by 45%. There is also an increase in the production of uranium enriched above 3.5%, and the [quantity of the] product has reached five to six kilograms. "Before the JCPOA, Iran had the capability to [enrich] 2,300 kg [of uranium a year]. So far, we have attained 1,700 or 1,800 [kg] a year – that is, we are back to what the situation was before the JCPOA as far as [the quantity of] enriched [uranium] is concerned... During the next two or three weeks, we will reach 2,500 kg of enriched [uranium] using new-generation machines... "It is still early to decide on the fourth step. The AEOI has no authority to decide in this matter. The Iranian Foreign Ministry and the committee for reviewing the JCPOA are holding meetings, [at which] they are examining matters and making the correct decisions at the proper time. In any event, the AEOI is ready to implement any decision [about the fourth step made by the political echelon]."[9] AEOI director Salehi (Source: IRNA, October 7, 2019) AEOI Director Salehi: We Will Launch The Second Phase Of The Heavy Water Reactor At Arak In The Next Three Weeks According to another report, Salehi also announced on October 7: "We will launch the second phase of the Arak heavy water reactor in three weeks. The Arak reactor consists of two phases; most processes are carried out in the second phase. In the past four years, the comrades have succeeded in preparing the second phase so that it can be launched in the next two or three weeks. More important is the completion of a device for transferring fuel that [needed to be] replaced, and it will be installed in the next two or three weeks..."[10]   *A. Savyon is Director of the MEMRI Iran Media Project;. M. Avraham is a Research Fellow at MEMRI.   [1] Whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-joint-comprehensive-plan-action/, May 8, 2018. [2] Reuters.com/article/us-usa-iran-nonproliferation/us-will-extend-sanctions-waivers-for-iran-nuclear-programs-bolton-idUSKCN1UQ2XW, July 31, 2019. [3] See: MEMRI Inquiry and Analysis No. 1415, The JCPOA Is A UN Security Council Resolution Granting Iran Nuclear State Status – Iran Will Never Withdraw From It And Its Threats To Do So Are Empty, September 5, 2019; Inquiry and Analysis No. 1306, Iran Will Not Cancel The JCPOA – Because It Grants Iran Nuclear State Status And Is A Western Guarantee For The Regime's Survival, April 6, 2017; Inquiry and Analysis No. 1397, Facing New U.S. Comprehensive Strategy Against It, Iranian Regime, Helpless, Clings To The JCPOA And Europe As A Defense Umbrella Against The U.S., May 25, 2018; Inquiry and Analysis No. 1400, Facing New U.S. Comprehensive Strategy Against It, Iranian Regime Officials Cling To JCPOA – Which Gives Iran Nuclear State Status Under UN Security Council Resolution, May 29, 2018; Inquiry and Analysis No. 837, Khamenei's Aim at the Nuclear Talks – Securing the Survival of His Regime, May 15, 2012. [4] Farsi.khamenei.ir/news-content?id=43615, October 2, 2019. [5] Farsi.khamenei.ir/news-content?id=43704, October 9, 2019. [6] President.ir/fa/111136, September 4, 2019. [7] President.ir/fa/111152, September 4, 2019. [8] Farsnews.com, September 7, 2019. [9] Irna.ir, October 7, 2019. [10] Irna.ir, October 7, 2019.

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