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The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (the Taliban organization) issued a statement urging international human rights organizations to probe treatment of prisoners taken by the warring sides in Afghanistan.
Following is the text of the statement:
"Fighters Detained During Heated Battles Are Treated Medically And Comforted By The Mujahideen Of The Islamic Emirate In Accordance With Jihadi Ethics"
"The noble religion of Islam is an all-encompassing universal charter that has sublime guidance and rules set up for every human endeavor. A key part of the human life is the phenomenon of war. Before the advent of Islam, mankind knew of no such thing as ethics or principles of war. We read in history books about the period of Jahiliyyah (ignorance) where the warring sides committed every atrocity imaginable and considered the losing party deserving of every oppression, cruelty, humiliation and disdain.
"However, it was the noble religion of Islam that showed the world the etiquette of waging any war for the very first time. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) announced: ... Wage jihad but do not steal (from spoils), do not commit treachery, do not mutilate, do not kill a child....
"A key Islamic principle in war is the rights of prisoners. Islam orders good treatment towards prisoners and all the oppressed and defenseless human beings, to not deprive them of food and water, to afford them medical treatment and to treat them in the most merciful and kindest manner possible.
"The Islamic Emirate – following these lofty principles of Islam – is a political movement of this era that has treated prisoners of war with the most compassionate manner compared to any other party. The fighters detained during heated battles are treated medically and comforted by the mujahideen of the Islamic Emirate in accordance with jihadi ethics instead of being killed, punished or targeted in revenge. Special guards are assigned during their imprisonment to take care of their needs and all necessary religious teachings are taught so they may come out of the darkness of their ignorance and completely follow the everlasting light of Islam."
"It Is Extremely Unfortunate That The Other Side (Foreign Invaders And Their Stooges) Have No Respect For Either The Rules Of War Or Rights Of Prisoners"
"Another distinct conduct towards prisoners is that the leadership of the Islamic Emirate frequently decrees the release of prisoners of war as a goodwill gesture. Only a few days earlier, the mujahideen of the Islamic Emirate managed to detain nearly one hundred troops during battles in Bala Marghab district of Badghis province and three days later on the 20th March, fifty-eight (58) troops were released and sent home after securing guarantees. This is not the first time such an event has taken place; rather hundreds of prisoners have been released over and over again as goodwill gesture throughout the years.
"But it is extremely unfortunate that the other side (foreign invaders and their stooges) have no respect for either the rules of war or rights of prisoners. Hundreds of thousands of detainees are languishing in prisons around the country at this very moment, most of whom incarcerated without any trial or proof of crime. No rights are afforded to these prisoners and most have completed their time yet are still kept imprisoned. A large portion of inmates have been subjected to physical and psychological torture but neither the invaders nor their lackeys seem to have shown any human compassion.
"The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan invites human rights organizations to launch a special inquiry regarding prisoner rights in Afghanistan, to weigh treatment of prisoners by both sides, to probe the cases of hundreds of thousands of Afghans imprisoned in Bagram, Pul-e-Charkhi and other facilities without any conviction and just as the Islamic Emirate has proven its commitment towards prisoner rights, the attention of the opposition also be drawn towards their responsibility."
 AlemaraEnglish.com, March 23, 2019.
 Islam is not the first religion to decree rules of war. The Indian epic Mahabharata contains intricate rules of war, for example requiring parties to cease fighting at sunset and resume the next day. In the Gita, which is the holy book of the Hindus and itself a chapter from the Mahabharata, the Hindu god Krishna guides the general Arjuna through the ethics of fighting when Arjuna does not want to fight. Parts of the Old Testament of the Bible, including the book of Deuteronomy, also give rules for conduct in war.