Neo-Nazis, White Supremacists Move Underground Due To Government Pressure – Setting The Stage For Emergence Of Radicalized Offshoot Ideologies Such As 'White Jihad'

By: Steven Stalinsky and R. Sosnow*
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June 24, 2021
By: Steven Stalinsky and R. Sosnow*

By: Steven Stalinsky and R. Sosnow*

Table of Contents

Introduction: "White Jihad" – An Islamic Religious Dimension To Neo-Nazism And White Supremacism

Cases Of Individual Neo-Nazis And White Supremacists With A Jihadi Connection: U.S., U.K., Germany, International

  • Examples of Neo-Nazi and White Supremacist Jihadi Social Media Posts

  • Calls For "White Jihad," "Holy War," And Jihadi-Style Violence

  • Admiration For Jihadis – Including Jihadi Beheadings

  • Glorifying Martyrdom And Jihad

  • Sharing Al-Qaeda Guide For Guerilla War, Manuals For Building Homemade Weapons Used By Jihadis  

  • References To "Martyrs"

  • References To "Sharia" And Islam

  • Videos With Islamic Nasheeds (Songs) – Like ISIS Videos

Neo-Nazi And White Supremacist Support For Hizbullah, A Shi'ite Jihadi Terrorist Organization

 

Introduction: "White Jihad" – An Islamic Religious Dimension To Neo-Nazism And White Supremacism

In recent years, as neo-Nazism and white supremacism are emerging into become a growing transnational movement, some elements in these groups are showing an attraction to jihadism. This is reflected in posts by these groups and their followers online.

Arrested neo-Nazis have been found with Islamic State (ISIS) videos and ISIS monthly infographics featuring attacks carried out against U.S., French, and British "Crusaders" in Syria and Iraq, the numbers of enemy casualties, and the damage done to vehicles and buildings on their computers, in addition to speeches by Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and other Al-Qaeda materials such as its English-language Inspire magazine.

A recent example underlining this threat was the May 28, 2021 arrest of neo-Nazi Coleman Blevins, aka Korb, in Kerrville, Texas on a warrant for a "terroristic threat to create public fear of serious bodily injury," including planning a mass shooting at a Walmart.[1] Blevins, a neo-Nazi "clerical fascist,"[2] is the leader of an extreme right organization that incorporates and promotes a range of extremist religious ideologies including neo-Nazism, clerical fascism, Order of Nine Angles (O9A) Satanism, and Salafi-jihadism.

Authorities said that the search of Blevins' residence turned up "firearms, ammunition, electronic evidence, concentrated THC, and radical ideology paraphernalia, including books, flags, and handwritten documents." It added that he was on "active felony probation and is prohibited from possessing firearms."[3]


Photo from Kerr County Sheriff's Office announcement of the arrest on Facebook. Source: Facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=4367463569952275&id=489002431131761, May 30, 2021.


Items seized at Blevins' residence. Left to right on table: a Quran, extremist literature including Harassment Architecture by Mike Ma, The Turner Diaries by the late leading American neo-Nazi William Luther Pierce, and Revolt Against The Modern World by Julius Evola, along with psychiatrist Carl Jung's The Red Book. Along the back wall are a neo-Nazi flag with an othala rune and a sonnenrad, a Confederate flag, a Saudi flag, and a Falangist flag. The black flag along the bottom features the Calvary Cross of the Russian Orthodox Church. Photo from Kerr County Sheriff's Office announcement of the arrest on Facebook. Source: Facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=4367463569952275&id=489002431131761, May 30, 2021.

It is noteworthy that violent anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant groups and individuals, including former members of the U.S. military, are expressing admiration for jihad and jihadis and their skill at killing and for their hatred of the U.S. government, and are incorporating elements of this ideology into their own.

One example is the MoonKriegDivision **OFFICIAL** Telegram channel, which identifies itself as "strictly national socialist," that issued a call for "White Jihad Now" along with a call to bomb the headquarters of an airline company. It shared the shahada, the Islamic declaration of faith, in Arabic: "Ashhadu Alla Ilaha Illa Allah Wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammad Rasulu Allah."

Western governments are cracking down on domestic terrorist groups. These governmental measures include the UK's ban on the violent neo-Nazi Atomwaffen Division as terrorist,[4] the U.S. designation of the white supremacist Russian Imperial Movement and three of its leaders as Specially Designated Foreign Terrorists,[5] and Canada's declaration of the Proud Boys as terrorist. Other actions include letters to the State Department by Congressmen, both earlier this year[6] and as far back as March[7] and October 2019,[8] urging the designation as terrorist of various actors, including the Ukrainian volunteer Azov Battalion that is known for attracting foreign extreme-right and neo-Nazi members.

Over the past two years, the MEMRI Domestic Terrorism Threat Monitor (DTTM) research team has been documenting numerous cases of discussion of "white jihad" among neo-Nazis and white supremacists. The team found that these neo-Nazis and white supremacists are praising jihadis and pointing out and emphasizing similarities with them.

They are lauding beheadings and embracing ISIS executioner Jihadi John, sharing images of mass executions carried out by ISIS, promoting martyrdom, citing jihadis' use of explosive belts, using the one-finger upward-pointing gesture that jihadis use to indicate Islamic monotheism, reiterating the slogan "Death to America," using Islamic nasheeds (religious songs) in their videos like ISIS does, calling for "jihad," and expressing admiration for how ISIS instilled fear in the West and for their methods of "urban warfare."

Neo-Nazis and white supremacists have also expressed support for anti-Israel terror organizations such as Hamas and Hizbullah, which endorse and promote jihad, and also express admiration for mujahideen, i.e. jihad fighters.

Government officials are noting that while extremists were once easily classified into distinct categories, that is no longer the case, and "blended ideologies" are becoming more evident. At a March 2, 2021 Senate Judiciary Committee hearing, FBI Director Christopher Wray underlined that terrorism has been "metastasizing" into "blended ideologies": "One of the things that we struggle with, in particular, is that more and more the ideologies ... that are motivating some of these violent extremists are less and less coherent, less and less linear, less and less easy to kind of pin down. And in some cases it seems like people [are] coming up with their own sort of customized belief systems... maybe combined with some personal grievance."[9] Whatever the ideology, however, the radicalization process is the same.[10]

Leading media members who have long focused on jihadi terrorism recently noted the similarities between its adherents and neo-Nazis and white supremacists, and even QAnon. Jim Sciutto, CNN anchor and chief national security correspondent, stressed in a recent op-ed that both domestic extremism and jihadi terrorism are "driven by alienation from the political system and a resulting breakdown in social norms," leading in some cases to "violence they see as justified to achieve political ends." He added that both are "drawn to a cause greater than themselves that gives them a shared identity and a mission to correct perceived wrongs" and have a "profound sense of victimization and humiliation" and "feel compelled to take matters into their own hands, even by acts of violence."[11]

In another recent op-ed, Brent Giannotta of the Los Angeles Times wrote that having spent five years researching the psychology of ISIS foreign fighters who went to Iraq and Syria to join the organization, he had seen parallels between their mentality and the mentality of conspiracy theory proponents who participated in the January 6, 2021 Capitol riot. While ISIS ideology is "not widely considered a conspiracy theory," he stated, "its main objective, to militarily destroy the West," is highly unlikely to come to pass.[12] 

Additionally, as early as March 2019, counterterrorism experts were saying that neo-Nazis and other extremists in Britain were accessing and downloading materials for planning attacks published by their ideological enemies, ISIS.[13] The kind of mass vehicle ramming attacks popular with Islamic extremists have been adopted by the violent and extreme right.[14]

One U.K-based group that is now banned, National Action, consciously copies the language and imagery of ISIS and other jihadi propaganda, blending neo-Nazi ideology and white jihadi training methods. Its leaders have travelled across Europe building alliances and joining hardline protests.[15] The international violent neo-Nazi group Feuerkrieg Division, established in Estonia in 2018 by a 13-year-old boy, calls for "white jihad"; the group has spread across Europe and particularly the U.S., and has been linked to numerous criminal investigations and convictions.[16] At the trial for one U.S. man sentenced in 2018 to 15 years in prison for material support of a terrorist organization and obstruction of justice, an expert testified about eight cases involving neo-Nazis who had embraced militant Islam and engaged in violence or terror support.[17]

Another development concerning similarity between neo-Nazis/white supremacists and jihadis is that both are being removed from social media platforms – and jihadis have advice for them. In its April 14, 2021 issue, the Al-Qaeda Ummah Wahida ("One Ummah") magazine advises this unexpected audience to follow in Al-Qaeda's and other jihadis' footsteps and benefit from their knowledge when mainstream social media removes their accounts: "...Learn from the experience of the jihadi fighters who faced these risks and how they avoided them... Find answers in [Al-Qaeda's English-language] Inspire magazine."[18]  


Cover of April 14, 2021 issue of Al-Qaeda's Ummah Wahida magazine

As MEMRI analysis pointed out in 2019, there are fundamental similarities between Muslim jihadi terrorists and white supremacist terrorists. Both pursue a quest for meaning in their lives, finding it in the form of a mission – for example, eliminating threats to the group with which they identify and/or avenging its humiliation, or rectifying a perceived injustice. Such a motive is stated explicitly in the manifesto written by Poway, California synagogue shooter John Earnest: "My act of defense is... the statement that I made. There is at least one European man alive who is willing to take a stand against the injustice that the Jew has inflicted upon him. That my act will inspire others to take a stand as well." Neo-Nazis and white supremacists are, like jihadis, fanatical and sincere believers and perceive themselves as acting in self-defense – and this is key to understanding their state of mind and the depth of their ideological commitment. Also like jihadis, they generally operate in "online packs" across the Internet, where they find social support from others who share their beliefs and where their convictions are strengthened.[19]

Also two years ago, MEMRI analysis pointed out neo-Nazi and white supremacist discussion of the ideology of "white sharia," which was introduced in 2017 by Andrew Anglin, operator of the Daily Stormer white supremacist website; he proposed it as a means for controlling women and restoring white masculinity. On Gab, users have called for whites to convert to Islam and follow shari'a law. User "White Sharia" explained the appeal of Islam to whites as emphasizing high birthrates and a traditional family structure, and opposing mass immigration and Jews. He wrote: "High fertility rates (the true salvation of the White race); Nuclear families; Tradition; Prayer; A perfect legal system; Interest free banking; No usury; Jews are to be eradicated, as per the Quran; End Times is signaled by the death of Jewry, then peace reigns on Earth." He added that European women are converting to Islam because "women long for the Sharia treatment." User Anointedaryan argued that the Jews are the reason for the need for "white sharia"; "Jews have demonized healthy white masculinity while casting Islam in a positive light in the west... It's truly evil how Jews have erased every aspect of whites' identity so that they seek it out in other cultures, then criticize them for appropriation!"[20]

The MEMRI DTTM team has identified a significant rise in neo-Nazis' and white supremacists' discussion of "white jihad," and evidence of admiration of and sympathy for jihadi terrorists. Counterterrorism efforts need to study further developments in this area – especially when groups that promote this concept go underground.

The following report highlights cases of neo-Nazi and white supremacists calling for "white jihad" and expressing admiration for ISIS and other jihad groups, mostly on the encrypted messaging app Telegram. They include members and supporters of Atomwaffen Division, the Boogaloo movement, the outlawed UK-based National Action, the Ku Klux Klan, the U.S.-based neo-Nazi Traditionalist Worker Party, the international violent neo-Nazi Feuerkrieg Division, and neo-Nazi and white supremacist channels based in the U.S., U.K, Brazil, and other countries.

This report is an abridged version of the full MEMRI DTTM report. Key information has been omitted for security reasons. To obtain a full copy, send an email to [email protected] with your request in the subject line; please include your full credentials.

 

I. Well-Known Cases Of Neo-Nazis And White Supremacists With A Jihadi Connection

U.S.-BASED

Minnesota, North Carolina Members Of Boogaloo Movement Group 'Boojahideen' Arrested On Terrorism Charges For Trying To Work With Hamas: "We Want A War Against The Government"

Two Boogaloo movement supporters, Michael Robert Solomon of New Brighton, Minnesota, and Benjamin Ryan Teeter of Hampstead, North Carolina, were arrested and charged with conspiring and attempting to provide material support to a designated foreign terrorist organization (Hamas), on September 3, 2020.[21] The extremist Boogaloo movement comprises organizations preparing for a coming American Civil War, and includes neo-Nazi and white supremacist elements;[22] the Boojahideen, whose name is a play on "mujahideen" – jihad fighters – is a Boogaloo subgroup; its members went into the streets with weapons in Minneapolis during the protests that broke out following the May 25 killing of George Floyd in police custody.

According to the affidavit, Solomon and Teeter met with a Confidential Human Source (CHS) whom they believed to be a member of Hamas and expressed that "Hamas shared anti-U.S. government views that align with their own anti-U.S. government views. Expressing their wish to work as "'mercenaries' for Hamas as a means to generate cash for the Boogaloo Bois/Boojahideen movement," they also discussed their need for funds to recruit members and for the purchase of land for a compound to train Boogaloo and Boojahideen members. Teeter said that he and the Boojahideen could "'make a statement' by destroying monuments." The CHS told Teeter that Hamas could "support their efforts to make the government look 'weak'" by working together, and, according to the affidavit, "Teeter said that people would 'take notice' if he 'took out' a historical site that was 'soft.'"

Teeter added: "'I'm not in a position where I can start hitting hard targets." However, Solomon and Teeter "explained that they were delaying the plot to demolish a courthouse so they could continue to build their relationship with Hamas." Solomon explained how he and Teeter would be an asset to Hamas: "We've got to be pretty valuable because two American-born white boys... We can move around like nothing.'" Solomon also stated: "I'm also a redneck, nobody notices a redneck," adding: "'we've got the ideas." Teeter added, "'and we have a network'" and that they could "'manufacture unmarked parts for guns and create unregistered and untraceable weapons.'"[23] In an August 27, 2020 tweet, Teeter wrote: "We want a war against the government."[24]

U.S. Army Private Ethan Melzer Charged With Planning "Deadly Ambush" Against His Own Unit By Providing Information To Be Sent To Al-Qaeda

On June 10, 2020, U.S. Army private Ethan Melzer was arrested and charged with terrorism offenses for planning a "deadly ambush" against his own unit by disclosing sensitive information about it – including location, movements, and security – to multiple extremists, including members of the occult-based neo-Nazi and white supremacist group Order of Nine Angles (O9A) and Al-Qaeda. The charges include conspiring and attempting to murder U.S. nationals, conspiring and attempting to murder military service members, providing and attempting to provide material support to terrorists, and conspiring to murder and maim in a foreign country. According to Acting U.S. Attorney Audrey Strauss, Melzer "was the enemy within. Melzer allegedly attempted to orchestrate a murderous ambush on his own unit by unlawfully revealing its location, strength, and armaments to a neo-Nazi, anarchist, white supremacist group.

Melzer allegedly provided this potentially deadly information intending that it be conveyed to jihadist terrorists. As alleged, Melzer was motivated by racism and hatred as he attempted to carry out this ultimate act of betrayal."[25] Melzer's iCloud account was found to contain an image titled "Harvest of the Solders: Results of the Attacks by Islamic State Soldiers" with a breakdown of ISIS attacks and stats of numbers of "Crusaders" killed, dated Shaaban 1441 (March-April 2020).[26] ISIS regularly releases infographics like these under the same title.[27] It was also found to contain a photo of personal effects, including paraphernalia associated with O9A.


Army Times, June 22, 2020; Yahoo.com, December 19, 2020.

Nicholas Young – Metro DC Transit Officer And Neo-Nazi Supporter Of Jihad

In October 2018, Nicholas Young, a Virginia-based Metro DC transit officer and convert to Islam, was arrested and charged with providing material support to a foreign terrorist organization. He had been under investigation for six years. According to court documents, he used to dress up as a Nazi officer in reenactments and had the emblem of an SS unit tattooed on his arm. When his house was searched in August 2016 for proof of ISIS support, agents found framed portraits of Hitler and other Nazi propaganda, as well as ISIS videos bookmarked on his computer, a speech by Osama bin Laden, an iPod with pro-jihad songs, and a printed copy of the Fall 2010 issue of Al-Qaeda's online English-language Inspire propaganda magazine. During his trial, prosecutors showed the jury white supremacist materials to support their argument that Young was predisposed to support radical Islamic terrorism. On Young's computer, agents found a German propaganda poster depicting a generic Nazi soldier shaking hands with WWII-era Jerusalem mufti Haj Amin Al-Husseini that reads "Worldwide Association of Nazis and Islamists." Young was sentenced to 15 years in prison, and following a June 2019 appeal his 15 year term was reimposed.[28]


Original image source: CNN.com, October 31, 2018

Corey Johnson – In Stabbing Spree, Teen Convert To Islam Who Admired Hitler Kills One, Wounds Two

In March 2018, Corey Johnson, 17, went on a stabbing rampage in a home in Florida where he had been invited to spend the night, killing one and seriously wounding two. According to Johnson, he had planned and carried out the stabbings because of his Muslim faith and one of the victims offended his religious beliefs. Prior to the attack, Johnson had viewed violent jihadi videos and claimed support for the late influential leading Yemeni-American Al-Qaeda figure Anwar Al-Awlaki. However, as early as middle school, school officials and local law enforcement had noted that Johnson admired Hitler, was fascinated by Nazis and white supremacists including the Ku Klux Klan, had harassed female classmates, and had made derogatory comments against Jewish and LGBT people. He was charged as an adult in the stabbings on one count of first-degree murder and two charges of attempted first-degree murder.[29]


Original image source: Washingtonpost.com, March 22, 2018

Devon Arthurs, Atomwaffen Division (AWD) Member And Convert To Islam, Murders Two Other AWD Members

In May 2017, 18-year-old Devon Arthurs, thought to be a co-founder of Atomwaffen Division (AWD), one of the most violent extremist groups in the U.S. which was linked to a series of killings, shot dead two of his Florida roommates and fellow members, saying they had mocked him for his recent conversion to Islam. In the apartment, police found a "bomb-maker's work shop," Nazi paraphernalia, guns, radioactive material, and homemade explosives, as well as a framed photograph of 1995 Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh. In May 2020, he was deemed incompetent to face trial. A long-time acquaintance told media that on the neo-Nazi and fascist forum IronMarch.org, Arthurs went by the handle "theWeissewolfe" and listed his affiliation as "Salafist National Socialism."[30]


Original image source: Vice.com, May 25, 2017

UK-BASED

UK Teen Convicted Of Terrorist Offenses Linked To International White Supremacist Feuerkrieg Division, That Calls For "White Jihad"

On February 1, 2021, a 16-year-old boy became the UK's youngest convicted terrorist after admitting to offenses he had committed beginning as young as 13, including leading the UK cell – FKD GB – of the banned violent neo-Nazi group Feuerkrieg Division (FKD; see below). He recruited British members from online platforms, among them Paul Dunleavy, a Rugby teen imprisoned in November 2020 for preparing a terror attack.[31] He admitted to 10 counts of possessing terrorist documents and two counts of distributing terrorist material. He talked about "gassing" Jewish people, hanging gay people, and wanting to "shoot up their parades." FKD members have used encrypted messaging to discuss their hatred of particular groups, and the court heard that the group sought to carry out "white jihad" and genocide of nonwhites. According to the court, the teen answered only to the group's founder, aka "Commander," an Estonian who established the FKD in 2018 when he was 13.[32]


On the right: The teen giving a Nazi salute, taken in 2019 when he was 14. Original photo source: Cps.gov.uk/cps/news/youngest-british-terrorist-sentenced-neo-nazi-manuals-stash.

Jack Renshaw – Prominent National Action Member Serving Life Sentence For Attempted Murder Of An MP

A prominent member of National Action and a convicted pedophile, Jack Renshaw, was sentenced in May 2019 to life imprisonment for attempting to stab to death Labour MP Rosie Cooper; he had studied her itinerary and made "detailed arrangements" and the murder was aimed at "send[ing] the state a message." He also had planned to hack to death a senior police officer with a machete. The police officer was investigating Renshaw's sex offenses; Renshaw had been sent to prison for 16 months on four counts of grooming adolescent boys in June 2018. Renshaw had previously been imprisoned for three years for stirring up racial hatred in antisemitic speeches. The prosecution said that Renshaw "was prepared to act on his white supremacist world view and plotted to kill a Member of Parliament – a plan reminiscent of the abhorrent murder of Jo Cox MP." Cox was shot and stabbed to death in June 2016 by white supremacist and extremist Thomas Alexander Mair.[33]


Top: Renshaw at a National Action rally. Bbc.com/news/uk-england-lancashire-48306380, May 17, 2019. Bottom: Original image source: CST.org.uk, May 13, 2020. He is making the one-finger hand sign used by jihadis to indicate "monotheism" – see section below on this hand sign.

Mark Jones – Arrested For National Action Membership Along With His Girlfriend, "Miss Hitler" Beauty Pageant Contestant

In June 2020 in the UK, web and graphic designer Mark Jones, 25, another member of National Action, was arrested along with three other members for membership in the group. One of the others was his girlfriend Alice Cutter, a one-time contestant in the Miss Hitler beauty pageant who competed under the name "The Buchenwald Princess." An expert on National Action, Matthew Collins, said that Jones was a proponent of the "White Jihad" ideology that is "encouraging people to step over the line and commit terrorism acts." He explained: "It's a term they use themselves. It's because they realized the missing component to building a terror network is that spiritual belief." Collins told the court that then-leader of the Young BNP, the youth section of the far-right British National Party and the precursor to National Action, had at one point asked Jones about creating a nationalist equivalent of Al-Qaeda's online English-language propaganda magazine Inspire. Collins said: "Griffin put the idea in his head that he could mimic Al-Qaeda."[34]


Original image source: Mirror.co.uk, June 11, 2020.

Zack Davies, National Action Member Who Carried Out Hammer And Machete Attack In Supermarket

In 2015, Zack Davies, a National Action member, went to a local supermarket and carried out an unprompted hammer and machete attack against a man of Asian origin, a dentist, in what he said was vengeance for the May 2013 murder of soldier Lee Rigby by Islamic extremists in London.[35] Just prior to carrying out his attack, he posted an image of himself in a balaclava with a large knife and the National Action flag. Davies was reportedly obsessed with the "no compromise" tactics of ISIS and of Jihadi John, aka the British Mohammed Emwazi, seen in ISIS videos decapitating Western hostages.[36]


Original image sources: Bbc.com/news/uk-wales-north-east-wales-34218184, September 11, 2015; Channel4.com/news/national-actions-zack-davies-guilty-of-attempted-murder, June 25, 2015

GERMANY-BASED

In February 2017, German police arrested a 26-year-old German national identified as "Sascha L." on suspicion of plotting a jihadi attack. Authorities found that prior to becoming an Islamist, he appeared to have previously been a neo-Nazi, until 2013. A man thought to be him warned on a YouTube channel of the threat posed by Muslims, saying that they were trying to impose Islamic law on Germany. He sometimes wore a white mask in the videos, signifying a possible link to the Immortals, a prominent German neo-Nazi organization. He is reported to have converted to Islam in 2014.[37]


Original image sources: Spiegel.de, February 24, 2017; Taz.de, February 26, 2017.

INTERNATIONAL

International White Supremacist Feuerkrieg Division, Created In 2018, Calls For "White Jihad"

The banned violent neo-Nazi group Feuerkrieg Division (FKD) group was founded in Estonia by a 13-year old in 2018, and now has members worldwide, according to some sources primarily in the U.S. Its members have been linked to criminal investigations. It has called for "white jihad" against Jews, Muslims, the LGBT community, and others. In 2021, an American member who had discussed setting fire to a Las Vegas synagogue, admitted to firearms offences, and a U.S. soldier linked to FKD pleaded guilty to distributing information related to explosives, destructive devices and weapons of mass destruction. Additionally, a Lithuanian teen member was charged with leaving a bomb outside an office in the capital Vilnius in 2020; he was found in possession of bomb-making materials and an improvised firearm and his conviction led to neo-Nazi material being seized from one of his online recruits. The group claimed in February 2020 that it had "officially dissolved" but members spread to new online groups. Members share bomb-making instructions and encourage each other to train with weapons. In an online propaganda pamphlet, it listed its enemies in order of hate: police, politicians, "race traitors," Jews, libertarians, conservatives, communists, liberals, Negroes, gays, and transgender people.[38]


Left to right: 13-year-old "commander, FKD emblem, materials seized in UK arrest. Original image sources: Dailymail.co.uk, February 1, 2021.  


II. Examples of Neo-Nazi And White Supremacist Jihadi Social Media Posts

Calls For "White Jihad," "Holy War," And Jihadi-Style Violence

The Brazilian esoteric neo-Nazi terror-promoting "Das Schwarze Corps" forwarded an ISIS video of a prisoner being beheaded and described the video as "AVERAGE [who is a] @ ButchersArtStation member beheading n*****s in [the] coming RaHoWa [Racial Holy War]." ButchersArtStation is a neo-Nazi terror-promoting Telegram channel.

The neo-Nazi "Butchers Art Station" Telegram channel posted, on March 22, a bloody graphic of a masked militant beheading a man, with the text "Slice neck of traitors."

"Das Schwarze Corps" posted a red-and-black image of an armed ISIS fighter against the backdrop of the ISIS flag. The channel wrote: "WE SUPPORT ANY FORMS OF TERRORISM."

The neo-Nazi "Komvcher's Art Garage" Telegram channel shared a graphic on January 15 showing a man with glowing red eyes in a balaclava holding out a knife. In the background is an ISIS flag. The text reads: "WE ARE GOING TO BEHEAD YOU." The post says: "Well its been interesting 2 days but i should return back to ''''art.""

Since February 9, 2020, a Telegram channel named MoonKriegDivision **OFFICIAL**, with 110+ members, has been posting violent images advocating for political terrorism, including specific threats against a political analyst, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), and others. It calls to target Jews and synagogues, and advocates support for white supremacist terrorists, including New Zealand mosque shooter Brenton Tarrant and Charleston church shooter Dylann Roof. It defines itself as "strictly national socialist" and states: "We advocate political terror and murder against jews and politicians among other things. We have accepted the fact that the (((system))) cannot be saved, rather it must be destroyed. In order to accelerate the inevitable collapse of this jewish nightmarish society we must not follow the rules of the (((system))) but ACT against it."

The channel called for "White Jihad Now!" in a threat against Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) headquarters in Sweden. The image in the post shows the building being shelled, with MoonKrieg Division's email address and the Moon Man symbol, with the text: "White Jihad now! Shell your local SAS building." Its use of the phrase "White Jihad" may be related to the group's claim that it originated in Bosnia.[39]

The group also posted an image of the shahada, the Islamic declaration of faith, adding: "I'm coming straight outta Bosnia." Another post also suggests that the group claims to be Muslim, and includes an image of a mosque, an Islamic Declaration of Faith, and the words: "Visit your local mosque to pray to the one true god, Allah!"

The neo-Nazi fascist terror-promoting Iron Division Chat channel on Telegram shared, on March 2, 2021, what it identified as "photos wich [sic] you can use for white jihad posters." The photos featured jihadis, including one about to execute a man in a business suit against the backdrop of an ISIS flag, and others in suicide vests.

A March 2, 2021 discussion on the Iron Division Chat channel on Telegram asked its readers, "About the 'white jihad' – all who read Seige [the seminal white supremacist book] say..." In response, "Deleted Account" wrote that "true white jihad is very important in this siutation [sic] wich [sic] we see in Europe countires[sic], and the Iron Division channel forwarded a graphic from the "White Division" channel featuring beheaded LGBTQ figure and the text "Make Fags Afraid Again." 

Another reference to "white jihad" came in a March 3, 2021 post by the neo-Nazi fascist terror-promoting Iron Division channel that shared a link to join it for "send[ing] to your friends NS colleagues and so on." It stated "Iron Division National Socialism, White Jihad, Fourth Reich, Holocaust 2."

The French neo-Nazi Telegram channel Ouest Casual wrote in a February 2, 2021 post in French and English about the arrest that day of the teen leader of a neo-Nazi group in the UK who had become, according to news reports, the youngest person in the UK to have committed a terrorist offense. By age 13, according to the post and to news reports, he had begun collecting bombmaking manuals and had been in touch with the Estonian teen who founded the now-banned violent neo-Nazi group Feuerkreig Division that calls for "white jihad."[40]

A post featuring a fighter with glowing red eyes, a black ISIS flag, and a swastika was posted April 25 by the neo-Nazi terror-promoting "ButchersArtStation" Telegram channel. The text stated: "WITH MORE RADICALS ALL OVER THE WORLD WE ARE GROWING STRONGER."

The Iron Division channel posted, on February 8, an image depicting arms in military uniform slashing President Biden's face – similar to imagery used in ISIS graphics. The graphic's text reads: "Reward for the head – $2 billion to receive the amount write here." The graphic also provides the channel's Telegram address and the text: "Iron Division; National Socialism, White Jihad, Fourth Reich, Holocaust 2."

A "Get Started – White Jihad" poster was shared by the Iron Division channel. It stated: "We  Need Hundreds Of People Like [Charleston Church Shooter] Dylan [Sic] Roof And [Christchurch Mosque Shooter Brenton Tarrant] Breton [Sic] Start The White Jihad Tomorrow!" The poster features a photo of Roof's Charleston church shooting in the background, and adds  "Iron Division" and its Telegram channel as well as its emblem, a broken sun cross with a sword.

Another image promoting White Jihad was posed by the Iron Division channel. It featured a fighter with a digitally added totenkopf in a white supremacist skull mask beheading a prisoner with the ISIS flag on his orange jumpsuit. The image reads: "White Jihad – Destroy The Muslims! Kill The Muslims!" The image also features a red sonnenrad and the group's emblem of a broken sun cross with a sword.

The channel also posted, on January 13, 2021, a graphic of a figure with a swastika on its torso and a Totenkopf for a face, holding a sword in one hand and a severed head dripping blood in the other, with a body lying on the ground. In the upper left corner is a symbol containing a scale with a swastika, encircled by a snake swallowing its tail (ouroboros). The graphic includes the Iron Division's emblem and motto: "National Socialism, White Jihad, Fourth Reich, Holocaust 2."

Admiration For Jihadis – Including Jihadi Beheadings

The Eco-Fascist accelerationist "Pine Tree Party" Telegram channel posted, on May 12, 2021, an image that has been circulating online since 2016. It shows a Nazi and an Arab militant, with the caption in English and Arabic: "One struggle." Text at the bottom of the image reads: "Allah's mighty hands will guide the aryan race to victory! Jihadi John [Mohammed Emwazi, a British-Kuwaiti militant and Islamist extremist] & Horst Wessel [Nazi martyr] live in death!" Private user "Rand Paul" wrote: "The enemy of my enemy is a friend, too many whites are blinded by Jewish propaganda to see that Muslims should be our allies in our war for survival..."

The neo-Nazi "Terrorwave Restored" Telegram channel posted a video and comment calling for followers to take inspiration from "Jihadi John," aka Mohammed Emwazi, the British ISIS fighter who was shown in videos beheading captives. The video featured a sphere bouncing around a screen. The post stated: "Who did the usa fear before? Some mud called jihadi john? You're the jihadi john now. Best to get to work. Like jihadi john you're going to need a rifle, a camera, fanaticism, but you're also going to have some things he didn't, a livestream, a place on the saint leaderboard, a victory."

Also evoking Jihadi John, and another example of neo-Nazis and white supremacists embracing white jihad, was the accelerationist, domestic terrorism-promoting book Militant Accelerationism – A Collective Handbook – Terror is the Language of the Unheard, by an unknown author. The 136-page book, released June 16, 2021, was widely hailed by domestic terror-promoting, neo-Nazi, and accelerationist Telegram channels and groups. Identified as "A Terrorgram Publication," it states that it was "written by and for men of action – we pass the torch of terror to you." It assures readers "You're not as harmless as you believe yourself to be," encourages them to "LIVE YOUR LIFE AS A INSTIGATOR, SOW CHAOS AND RELISH IN THE FALL OF THE EMPIRE TYRANNY,' and explains to them that "You have been denied a real and physical struggle – Don't let the enemy deny you your struggle." It also devotes pages to antisemitic rants, lionizes white supremacist mass murderers ("saints"), and promotes a "Summer of Hate." Near the end, it assures readers "You're Jihadi John now," with the aim of inspiring readers to act as he did."[41] 

The Russian Atomwaffen Division Telegram channel "AWD Russland" posted a photo (10.20) of ISIS members, praising their methods of "urban warfare." The text, in Russian, reads: "Old photo of ISIS in Mansul, Iraq. Some of them are from Chechnya. They are all dead by now. You may like them or not, but they were innovative in terms of [urban warfare]. Also note the explosive belts."

The neo-Nazi "krypteia" Telegram channel posted a screenshot of an ISIS video featuring a mass execution, with accompanying text that quotes the 1992 book Siege by American neo-Nazi James Mason. The quote reads: "In revolution as in any war, actual accomplishment of it primarily involves KILLING and the consequences of that. The sooner the Movement accepts all this as merely par-for-the-course, the sooner things will begin going more in our direction."

The Georgian neo-Nazi "NotButchersArtStation" Telegram channel posted, on May 12, 2021, a graphic featuring Osama bin Laden and other Al-Qaeda members that included includes the text "Open your hearts to terror" and the shahada., the Islamic declaration of faith. The channel added: "TERROR IS DRIVEN BY NATURE AND NATURE IS DRIVEN BY STRENGTH OF POWER AND IMMORTALITY. GIVE HATE A CHANCE AND YOU WILL DEFINE TRUE PATH OF STRENGTH."

A photo featuring a man in camouflage and a skull mask pointing a crossbow skywards, with the text "I am ready for Jihad against Litterers," was shared April 17 by the eco-fascist "EcoFash Propaganda" Telegram channel. 

Glorifying Martyrdom And Jihad

One organization that focuses, inter alia, on glorifying martyrdom and jihad first appeared on Telegram in February 2021, and is operated by neo-Nazi Coleman Blevins. As noted earlier, on May 30, the Kerr County, Texas Sheriff's Office (KCSO) announced that Blevins, 28, had been arrested two days previously on a warrant for a "terroristic threat to create public fear of serious bodily injury." The operation, over the previous week, had involved the FBI, the Texas Department of Public Safety Criminal Investigation Division, and the KSCO. Blevins was arreested in Kerrville, about 70 miles northwest of San Antonio, after investigators intercepted a message indicating he planned to carry out a mass shooting with a specific threat that included Walmart.[42]

Blevins's organization glorifies martyrdom and jihad on Telegram and Instagram. In its chat on Telegram, some Muslim individuals have been explaining about Islam and jihad.[43] 

The organization's Telegram channel has, as of this writing, 179 subscribers, some claiming a criminal background and/or neo-Nazi beliefs since a very young age, and some who are in their early teens. Members and affiliates are from all over the world, including Australia, Germany, Bahrain, Turkey, Canada, Mexico, England, Sweden, Finland, Saudi Arabia, and the U.S. Jihadi posts in the group have included include glorification of Islamic State (ISIS) and Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) fighters, videos of beheadings, and bomb threats. As of March 24, there were 1,493 voice messages, 56 audio files, 303 videos, and 929 photos shared in the group's chat on Telegram. The following are examples of jihadi content shared by the Telegram channel and the Telegram chat.

The chat posts video clips of ISIS beheadings in reaction to other messages in the chat. On March 20, neo-Nazi jihadi affiliate "Do Not Read Siege If You Are A Satanist Faggot (on amogus)" wrote "WHERE IS THE SATANIC FAGGOT" with a video of an ISIS member beheading a prisoner in front of a crowd of people.

Leader Blevins, aka "Korb," posted an image of himself on March 24, in front of a Saudi flag with his index finger raised; he wears a hat with SS bolts, and a skull mask.

Two video clips of ISIS fighters were shared on the chat on March 15. One of them was created by the ISIS media outlet Al Hayat Media Center.

The fascist Muslim "JIHADWAFFEN Division" Telegram channel, which is also operated by Blevins, posted a message on May 28, 2021 stating that while he, i.e. Blevins, is a "staunch advocate of White Sharia," he is "constantly advocating for the death of all 'white' people." In the post, he explains that the term "'white people' refers to any caucasoid that has traded their God and their customs in for drugs, Walmart, pornhub, and are enslaved to compact discs they find at GameStop. These are people who have betrayed European tradition and deified capitalism." Stating that secularism has "infiltrated the church and has nullified Christians' response to blasphemy in the streets," he added that "if you are Christian and you are not currently building pipebombs to blow up Netflix headquarters with, you are just like the rest of the kuffar [unbelievers]. Defend your faith and customs as a martyr with Jihad. InshAllah [God willing]."

Following Blevins' arrest on May 30, 2021, the group's Telegram channel shared, on the same day, a video with a soundtrack of a nasheed in English that opens with an image of an ISIS member and then features images of Blevins. The concluding image is of the materials seized by authorities at the time of his arrest.

Sharing Al-Qaeda Guide For Guerilla War, Manuals For Building Homemade Weapons Used By Jihadis

The esoteric neo-Nazi "For Kalki" Telegram channel shared a 200-page PDF originally written by the leader of Al-Qaeda in Saudi Arabia, Abd Al Aziz Al-Muqrin, titled: "Al Qaeda's Doctrine For Insurgency: A Practical Course For Guerilla War." The channel wrote: "Written by one of Bin Ladens guys. Some great tips for educational purposes on assassinations, political kidnappings, advice on tactics per stages of insurgency that are somewhat in line with Mao's but slightly different, and more."

The international neo-Nazi terrorism-promoting "Iron Division" shared, on January 15, 2021, a video showing how to make a bomb at home, and a post suggesting that readers use this "knowledge" to their advantage. The 15-minute,19-second video, from the private Russian neo-Nazi "Aryan Revenge (reserve)" channel, features an "Islamic terrorist" masked man who begins by praising Allah and the Prophet Muhammad, then shows how to manufacture, handle, and construct an Acetone peroxide (APEX) explosive in a home kitchen. A voiceover in Russian and English subtitles explain the bomb-making instructions throughout the video. The video is watermarked with "@NSWP1488," the handle of a neo-Nazi Russian-language channel. The accompanying post lists Abu Nur Al-Shami as the masked man in the video. Iron Division's prior post introduces the video: "Unfortunately the video is in Russian... On it, the jihadist clearly shows how to make a bomb, ha-ha let's hit them with their own knowledge HAHAHA."

References To "Martyrs"

In a March 1, 2021 post, the U.S. accelerationist Telegram channel "R E F O R M A T I O N" shared a graphic headed "Reformation" with a crucifix, featuring a figure with an assault rifle wearing a mask with the Chi Rho, a Christian symbol, on it. He stands in front of the ruins of a synagogue and mosque, and alongside him are a Muslim crescent and star symbol and a Star of David, both in circles with slashes. The text states: "The Glory Of Martyrdom: The enemies of God will never understand that a faithful soldier of God would rather die 1000 times for Christ than to live even once with all the world's pleasures laid out before him."

On August 23, the Telegram channel of the National Socialist Club's southern chapter, NSC-Dixie, posted three images of members in Knoxville, Tennessee standing near Fountain City Lake with signs reading "Justice For Cannon," referring to Cannon Hinnant, a white North Carolina five-year-old shot to death on August 9; a black man has been charged with his murder. The images also show members with their faces covered by death rune face masks with their tattoos blacked out, giving the Nazi salute and holding an "NSC 131" flag. The caption reads: "We received tons of positive responses from cars passing by, even had some cars pull over so the people could shake our hand and get more information. The memory of our martyred youth should never be forgotten, and the crimes against them never forgiven."

References To "Sharia" And Islam

The neo-Nazi channel "Violence France" shared a graphic on March 9, 2021 featuring balaclavas with crossed rifles and swastikas, with the text "2022," "White Charia" – i.e. sharia – and "1488," indicating the white supremacist "14 Words" motto and "88" which stands for "Heil Hitler." The channel wrote "Repost #WhiteSharia2202."

The neo-Nazi "BAS" Telegram channel, which is associated with the neo-Nazi "unBanned Video Archive IV" and "[Outer Heaven]" channels, posted, on April 5, 2021, a message stating that "Jews fear O9A ISIS larpers." O9A is the "Order of Nine Angles," a UK-based satanic neo-Nazi terrorist group; "larpers" are people who participate in "live action role play" in games. The accompanying graphic shows a demonic female figure holding a rifle over a body lying on the ground and an emblem consisting of a segment of the shahada, the Muslim profession of faith, in the font used on the black ISIS flag and a swastika inside a heptagram, which is the O9A symbol.

Videos With Nasheeds (Islamic Songs) – Like ISIS Videos

The neo-Nazi "Made By Pagang" Telegram channel posted, on January 20, 2021, a four and a half minute video of members of the neo-Nazi Atomwaffen Division (AWD) terror organization carrying out activity such as tactical training and target practice. In the background, a nasheed (Islamic song) plays – as is common in videos produced by jihadi terror organizations. The video opens with emblems from the neo-Nazi terror organization "The Base" and from the National Socialist Liberation Front (NSLF), and with a short segment showing Base members lighting an American flag on fire with Base flag in the background. In the video, men in tactical gear with AWD patches fire assault rifles and hold AWD flags. One segment shows a man in a white supremacist skull mask and military gear holding a noose and pointing upward with his index finger, similar to a gesture made by ISIS fighters and sympathizers (see section on this hand gesture below). Later segments show men with AWD patches on their military gear holding assault rifles carrying out activity such as planned fighting exercises, night missions, spray painting graffiti, hiking, camping and shooting. This footage is interspersed with footage from Nazi Germany. Text on screen throughout the footage states: "Our message is clear... ready to advance the uncompromising message... Of white revolution in the 21st century... from far and near...We are Organized... and we're congregating near you! We must unite... gas the kikes! RACE WAR NOW! We find a variety of antagonists on all sides trying to silence our efforts. Theres much more to come soon! And remember to join your local Nazis!"

The Georgian neo-Nazi organization "NSFG REVIVED" posted on its private Telegram channel (12/13) a 33-second video clip featuring the Christchurch shooting and other neo-Nazi and white supremacist attacks, while an ISIS nasheed (Islamic song) plays in the background. The channel forwarded a post by the Georgian neo-Nazi "White Division" Telegram channel, which also shared the video, that said: "message to ISIS, Terrorism is not your exclusive thing. Just saying."

 

III. Neo-Nazi And White Supremacist Support For Hizbullah, A Shi'ite Jihadi Terrorist Organization

White supremacist and neo-Nazi groups have a long history of support for Hizbullah. For example, members of extreme-right organizations such as Italy's CasaPound, Poland's Falanga, the U.K.'s British National Party, Germany's National Democratic Party, and Spain's Republican Social Movement have all travelled to Syria and Lebanon, and during these trips their leaders have met with Hizbullah – for example, including Falanga leader Bartosz Bekier in 2013.[44]


Bartosz Bekier, leader of the Polish fascist organization Falanga, meets with Hizbullah members, June 2013.

Matthew Heimbach, Leader Of Neo-Nazi Traditionalist Worker Party, Modeled His Organization's Recruitment After Hamas, Hizbullah

Matthew Heimbach, a leader of the neo-Nazi Traditionalist Worker Party,[45] and a key organizer of the August 2017 Unite the Right rally,[46] said in 2017 that he had modeled his organization's recruitment approach after that of "Hamas [and] Hizbullah."[47] Earlier, in a July 2015 interview with Al-Jazeera America, he said:  "I support Hizbullah, I support Hamas, and all Arab groups that many of them, who are Muslim, fighting for independence." Noting that he would not want Jews in his Traditionalist Working Party, saying, "[I]f you look at politics, the Jewish influence is always nefarious."[48] He has been seen in a Hizbullah tee shirt. In a recent interview, he claimed he no longer has these beliefs and is embracing all races.[49]


Traditionalist Worker Party leaflet

Left: Heimbach in Hizbullah tee; right, speaking at a rally with other TWP members

Members Of Extreme-Right European Party Visit Beirut, Meet With Hizbullah Official, Express Support For Its Fight Against Israel

Underlining the fact that neo-Nazi groups and the extreme right are embracing jihad, on March 16, On March 16, 2019, Al-Manar TV (Lebanon) aired a report about a recent visit to Beirut by a delegation from the Alliance for Peace and Freedom (APF), a far-right European political party. The APF delegation included MPs, MEPs, activists, and politicians from countries including Britain, Italy, Belgium, Germany, and Croatia, and was received by Hizbullah's foreign affairs chief Ammar Al-Moussawi. Members of the delegation, among them APF President and former Italian MP and MEP Roberto Fiore, German MEP and NDP MP Udo Voigt, and Belgian political activist Hervé Van Laetham, expressed support for Hizbullah and what they said is its fight against Israel, terrorism, and imperialism. The delegation also visited a memorial garden for martyrs in Dahieh, Beirut and placed a wreath on the graves of Hizbullah martyrs.


Left to right: APF President and former Italian MP and MEP Roberto Fiore; German MEP and NDP MP Udo Voigt; Belgian political activist Herve Van Laethem

To view this clip on MEMRI TV, click here or below:

Dutch-American Neo-Nazi Who Promotes National Socialist Movement In Netherlands Shares Hizbullah Video

A Dutch-American neo-Nazi who goes by Orangist.nationalist on Instagram, where he has over 1,000 followers, posted a Hizbullah video in 2020 and added, "Death to Israel."

*Steven Stalinsky is MEMRI Executive Director; R. Sosnow is Lead Editor at MEMRI.

 

[2] An offshoot of fascism rooted in Christianity.

[4] Independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/atomwaffen-division-terror-neo-nazi-uk-b1833755.html, April 19, 2021.

[5] Hstoday.us/subject-matter-areas/counterterrorism/united-states-designates-russian-imperial-movement-and-leaders-as-global-terrorists, April 7, 2020.

[6] The full "Suggested List of WSE [White Supremacist Extremist] Groups to Consider for Designation in the April 5, 2021 letter by Elissa Slotkin, Chairwoman, Committee on Homeland Security's Subcommittee on Intelligence and Counterterrorism included Atomwaffen Division Deutschland, Azov Battalion (foreign affiliates and members), Blood & Honour, Combat 18, Feuerkrieg Division, Generation Identity, Hammerskins (foreign affiliates and members), National Action Group, aka System Resistance Network, Nordic Resistance Movement, Northern Order, Order of Nine Angles, Rise Above Movement (foreign affiliates and members), and Sonnenkrieg Division, S3.documentcloud.org/documents/20615179/rep-slotkin-letter-on-foreign-terrorist-orgs.pdf, April 5, 2021.

[7] The March 28, 2019 letter by Eliot Engel, Chairman, House Foreign Affairs Committee formally requested that the State Department designate the Christchurch, New Zealand mosque shooter as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist. Foreignaffairs.house.gov/_cache/files/6/f/6ff890c9-b371-4d6a-9e78-2c6c594fe9a9/6BC314F0F22E11B7915F78137417A1E8.ele-to-pompeo-white-nationalism---signed-002-.pdf, March 28, 2019.

[8] The October 16, 2019 letter by Rep. Max Rose, also appealing to the State Department, focused on the Azov Battalion, the Christchurch mosque shooter, and others. It was cosigned by 40 other Democratic Members of Congress. Twitter.com/RepMaxRose/status/1184518558392504321, Twitter.com/RepMaxRose/status/1184518558392504321/photo/1, Twitter.com/RepMaxRose/status/1184518558392504321/photo/2 October 16, 2019.

[9] Thehill.com/opinion/criminal-justice/542418-whats-behind-the-blended-extremism-surfacing-today, March 11, 2021.

[10] Npr.org/2021/03/15/972498203/a-tale-of-2-radicalizations, March 15, 2021.

[11] Washingtonpost.com/outlook/capitol-riot-terrorism-islam-violence/2021/02/19/6d4b499a-7222-11eb-85fa-e0ccb3660358_story.html, February 19, 2021.

[12] Latimes.com/opinion/story/2021-02-24/what-i-learned-about-islamic-state-applies-to-qanon-too, February 24, 2021.

[13] Bbc.com/news/uk-47746271, March 30, 2019.

[14] Newsweek.com/london-finsbury-park-attack-ramming-technique-627355, June 19, 2017; Nytimes.com/2020/06/08/us/virginia-kkk-leader-harry-rogers.html, June 8, 2020

[15]Cst.org.uk/news/blog/2020/05/13/white-jihad-jack-renshaws-journey-from-a-far-right-student-to-would-be-terrorist; Cst.org.uk/public/data/file/6/0/Jack%20Renshaw%20-%20White%20Jihad.pdf, May 17, 2020; Bbc.com/news/uk-england-lancashire-48306380, May 17, 2019; Mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/boyfriend-miss-hitler-wanted-spark-22175917, June 11, 2020; Channel4.com/news/national-actions-zack-davies-guilty-of-attempted-murder, June 25, 2015.

[16] Dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9211625/Neo-Nazi-Feuerkrieg-Division-run-Estonian-boy-13-calls-rape-Hitlers-name.html, Bbc.com/news/uk-england-cornwall-55891140, February 1, 2021; Independent.co.uk/independentpremium/news-analysis/feuerkrieg-division-terrorist-group-ban-neo-nazis-uk-a9618221.html, July 14, 2020. See also MEMRI DTTM report Telegram Channel Of International Neo-Nazi Group Led By 13-Year-Old Estonian – With Recruits In Philadelphia, NY, NJ, Texas, Midwest, Canada, UK, Italy, Netherlands – Is Still Active; Group Planned To Bomb Synagogue, U.S. News Network, April 16, 2020.

[17] Cnn.com/2018/10/31/politics/nazi-sympathizer-cop-police-officer-jail-aid-isis/index.html, October 31, 2018.

[21] Justice.gov/opa/pr/two-self-described-boogaloo-bois-charged-attempting-provide-material-support-hamas, September 4, 2020.

[23] Justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/1313661/download, accessed September 10, 2020.

[24] See MEMRI DTTM report Minnesota, North Carolina Members Of Boogaloo Movement Group 'Boojahideen' Arrested On Terrorism Charges For Trying To Work With Hamas – Twitter And Keybase Accounts Remain Active: 'We Want A War Against The Government'memri.org/dttm/domestic-terrorism-threat-monitor-%E2%80%93-account-review-dttm-ar-minnesota-north-carolina-members#_ednref3

[25] Justice.gov/opa/pr/us-army-soldier-charged-terrorism-offenses-planning-deadly-ambush-service-members-his-unit, June 22, 2020

[26] Armytimes.com/news/your-army/2020/06/22/us-soldier-plotted-with-satanic-neo-nazis-to-ambush-his-own-unit-overseas-feds-say/ June 22, 2020.

[28] Cnn.com/2018/10/31/politics/nazi-sympathizer-cop-police-officer-jail-aid-isis/index.html, October 31, 2018; whsv.com/content/news/Ex-police-officer-to-be-resentenced-on-terrorism-charge-511627551.html, June 21, 2019; Newsweek.com/nicholas-young-cop-convicted-supporting-isis-751716, December 18, 2017

[29] Njhomelandsecurity.gov/analysis/domestic-extremists-embrace-foreign-terrorist-ideologies, May 28, 2019; Washingtonpost.com/news/acts-of-faith/wp/2018/03/22/a-teen-with-former-neo-nazi-ties-claims-his-muslim-faith-led-him-to-stab-three-police-say, March 22, 2018; Cbs12.com/news/local/sleepover-murder-suspect-to-use-insanity-defense, September 27, 2019; Tcpalm.com/story/news/2020/02/17/mother-jovanni-sierra-teen-killed-florida-ballenisles-stabbing-sues-publix-over-illegal-knife-sale/4788547002, February 17, 2020.

[30] Njhomelandsecurity.gov/analysis/domestic-extremists-embrace-foreign-terrorist-ideologies, May 28, 2019; Propublica.org/article/an-atomwaffen-member-sketched-a-map-to-take-the-neo-nazis-down-what-path-officials-took-is-a-mystery, November 20, 2018; Vice.com/en/article/vb4n8a/gruesome-florida-murders-show-how-neo-nazis-turn-into-jihadists, May 25, 2017; Tampabay.com/news/publicsafety/crime/roommates-in-tampa-palms-slaying-case-never-outgrew-nazi-sympathies-friend/2324871; May 23, 2017; Pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/documenting-hate-new-american-nazis/, November 20, 2018; Tampabay.com/news/crime/2020/05/18/one-time-neo-nazi-deemed-unfit-for-trial-in-tampa-murders, May 18, 2020.

[31] Independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/neo-nazis-uk-rugby-teenager-paul-dunleavy-feuerkrieg-division-jailed-b1647248.html, November 6, 2020.

[32] Theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/feb/01/teenage-leader-of-british-neo-nazi-group-admits-terror-offences, February 1, 2021; Cps.gov.uk/cps/news/youngest-british-terrorist-sentenced-neo-nazi-manuals-stash, February 8, 2021; Dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9211625/Neo-Nazi-Feuerkrieg-Division-run-Estonian-boy-13-calls-rape-Hitlers-name.html, Bbc.com/news/uk-england-cornwall-55891140, February 1, 2021; Independent.co.uk/independentpremium/news-analysis/feuerkrieg-division-terrorist-group-ban-neo-nazis-uk-a9618221.html, July 14, 2020. See also MEMRI DTTM report Telegram Channel Of International Neo-Nazi Group Led By 13-Year-Old Estonian – With Recruits In Philadelphia, NY, NJ, Texas, Midwest, Canada, UK, Italy, Netherlands – Is Still Active; Group Planned To Bomb Synagogue, U.S. News Network, April 16, 2020.

[33]Cst.org.uk/news/blog/2020/05/13/white-jihad-jack-renshaws-journey-from-a-far-right-student-to-would-be-terrorist; Cst.org.uk/public/data/file/6/0/Jack%20Renshaw%20-%20White%20Jihad.pdf; Bbc.com/news/uk-england-lancashire-48306380, May 17, 2019.  

[34] Mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/boyfriend-miss-hitler-wanted-spark-22175917, June 11, 2020.

[35] Channel4.com/news/national-actions-zack-davies-guilty-of-attempted-murder, June 25, 2015; Bbc.com/news/uk-wales-north-east-wales-34218184, September 11, 2015

[36] Channel4.com/news/national-actions-zack-davies-guilty-of-attempted-murder, June 25, 2015.

[37] Washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/02/28/german-police-say-suspected-islamist-extremist-accused-of-plot-was-once-a-neo-nazi/, February 28, 2017; Spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/northeim-verhafteter-islamist-war-zuvor-neonazi-a-1136226.html, February 24, 2017; Taz.de/In-Northeim-festgenommener-Salafist/!5384202/, February 26, 2017.

[38] Dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9211625/Neo-Nazi-Feuerkrieg-Division-run-Estonian-boy-13-calls-rape-Hitlers-name.html, Bbc.com/news/uk-england-cornwall-55891140, February 1, 2021; Independent.co.uk/independentpremium/news-analysis/feuerkrieg-division-terrorist-group-ban-neo-nazis-uk-a9618221.html, July 14, 2020. See also MEMRI DTTM report Telegram Channel Of International Neo-Nazi Group Led By 13-Year-Old Estonian – With Recruits In Philadelphia, NY, NJ, Texas, Midwest, Canada, UK, Italy, Netherlands – Is Still Active; Group Planned To Bomb Synagogue, U.S. News Network, April 16, 2020.

[45] Splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/group/traditionalist-worker-party

[46] Local12.com/news/investigates/can-a-man-turn-180-degrees-and-renounce-fascism, February 4, 2021.

[47] Wfpl.org/inside-white-nationalists-longshot-plan-win-appalachia/

[48] America.aljazeera.com/watch/shows/live-news/2015/7/matthewRrenshar-heimbach-advocates-racial-separatism.html

[49] Local12.com/news/investigates/can-a-man-turn-180-degrees-and-renounce-fascism, February 4, 2021.

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