The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) explores the Middle East and South Asia through their media. MEMRI bridges the language gap between the West and the Middle East and South Asia, providing timely translations of Arabic, Farsi, Urdu-Pashtu and Dari media, as well as original analysis of political, ideological, intellectual, social, cultural, and religious trends.
Founded in February 1998 to inform the debate over U.S. policy in the Middle East, MEMRI is an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit, 501(c)3 organization. MEMRI's main office is located in Washington, DC, with branch offices in various world capitals. MEMRI research is translated into English, French, Polish, Japanese, and Hebrew.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND ADVISORS
MEMRI's Board of Advisors and Directors comprises a group of distinguished figures in government, media, law and academia. Among them are former prime ministers; attorneys-general; justice ministers; leading legal and counterterrorism experts; and recipients of the most prestigious awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the United States Congressional Gold Medal. This group also includes former United States government officials, such as the director of the CIA; Secretary of the Navy; Director of Operations with the FBI; Ambassadors to the United Nations, Iraq, the European Union, and Romania; Secretary of Education; Deputy Defense Secretary; and head presidential counsel. Members of MEMRI's Board of Advisors are bipartisan and have honorably served Presidents Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama.
The members of MEMRI's Board of Directors are:
- Oliver "Buck" Revell: Chairman; Former FBI Executive Assistant Director (Investigations) in charge of Criminal Investigative, Counter-Terrorism and Counter-Intelligence programs; former Vice Chairman of the Interagency Group for Counterintelligence, former member of the Senior Review Group of the Vice-President's Task Force on Terrorism; and currently President of The Revell Group.
- Elliott Abrams: Former Special Assistant to President George W. Bush, Senior Director of the National Security Council for Near East and North African Affairs, and former Deputy National Security Advisor for Global Democracy Strategy.
- Steve Emerson: Executive Director of The Investigative Project and known terrorism expert.
- Jeffrey Kaufman: A leading intellectual property lawyer with offices in the Washington, DC area.
- Robert Reilly: Former Senior Advisor at the Department of Defense and Chairman of the Committee for Western Civilization at the Claremont Institute.
The members of MEMRI's Board of Advisors are:
- Bernard Lewis, Professor of Near Eastern Studies Emeritus at Princeton University.
- Elie Wiesel, Recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom, the U.S. Congressional Gold Medal, and the Medal of Liberty Award.
- Gen. Michael V. Hayden, retired United States Air Force four-star general and former Director of the National Security Agency and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.
- Jose Maria Aznar, former Prime Minister of Spain.
- Stephen J. Trachtenberg, President Emeritus and University Professor of Public Service at George Washington University.
- Donald Rumsfeld, Former US Secretary of Defense and US Representative (IL).
- James Woolsey, Former Director of Central Intelligence Agency and Under-Secretary of the Navy.
- John Bolton, Former US Ambassador to the United Nations.
- John Ashcroft, Former US Attorney General and U.S. Senator (MO).
- Ehud Barak, Former Prime Minister of Israel.
- Irwin Cotler, former Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada.
- Mort Zuckerman, Chairman and editor-in-chief, U.S. News & World Report.
- Chin Ho Lee, former FBI Special Agent and Senior Executive of the Hyundai Corporation.
- Michael Mukasey, Former U.S. Attorney General and Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
- Peter Hoekstra, former Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee and 9-term member of U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan.
- Deborah Lipstadt, Dorot Professor of Modern Jewish and Holocaust Studies at Emory University.
- Norman Podhoretz, Former editor-in-chief of Commentary Magazine.
- William Bennett, Former Secretary of Education.
- Christopher DeMuth, Former President, American Enterprise Institute.
- Paul Bremer, Former Ambassador to the Netherlands; former Director of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance in Iraq (de-factor governor).
- Lord George Weidenfeld, Former Vice-President, Oxford University Development Program.
- Katrina Lantos Swett, Chairwoman of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom; President of the Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice
- Dr. Samuel Pisar, UNESCO Honorary Ambassador, Special Envoy for Holocaust Education and Polish-born Holocaust survivor.
- Alfred Moses, Former Ambassador to Romania.
- Herb London, President Emeritus of the Hudson Institute.
- Stuart Eizenstat, former ambassador to the European Union.
- Josef Joffe, Publisher of Die Zeit.
- Natan Sharanksy, former Israeli Minister for Jerusalem and Diaspora Affairs, Minister without Portfolio.
- Jana Hybaskova, former Member of the European Parliament and Chairperson of the European Democrats Party (Czech Republic).
- Alan Dershowitz, Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, author of 27 works as well as over 100 magazine and journal articles.
- Yehuda Bauer, Former Director of the International Institute for Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem.
- Dr. Khaled Fouad Allam, Algerian sociologist at the University of Trieste (Italy).
- Magdi Khalil, human right activist and Executive Editor of the Egyptian weekly Watani International.
- Faraj Sarkouhi, former editor of the Iranian literary monthly magazine Adineh.
- Dr. Shaker Al-Nabulsi, Jordanian writer and University Professor.
- Edgar Bronfman, Former president of the World Jewish Congress, and president of Distillers Corporation-Seagrams Ltd.
- Richard Holbrooke, Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan; Former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations.
- Jack Kemp, posthumous recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and former candidate for U.S. Vice President.
- Jeane Kirkpatrick, America's first woman ambassador to the United Nations.
- Irving Kristol, Recipient, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 2002 and Former managing editor of Commentary magazine.
- Lafif Lakhdar, Tunisian intellectual.
- James Q. Wilson, Professor of Public Policy at Pepperdine University.
- Max Kampelman, Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom; Former Ambassador to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
MEMRI's dedicated staff, of over 80 employees worldwide, works around the clock, translating from hundreds of Arabic, Farsi, Urdu, Pashtu, Dari, Hindi, and Turkish, newspapers, magazines, television shows and websites. This staff includes people from all ethnic, religious, racial and socio-economic backgrounds. Among them MEMRI's staff includes:
Yigal Carmon is MEMRI's President and founder. Mr. Carmon is frequently relied upon by leading media sources and government officials as an authority on current developments in the Arab and Muslim world. Mr. Carmon has briefed governments worldwide on issues ranging from jihad and terrorism to reform in the Arab world. In the United States, Mr. Carmon has given testimony on Capitol Hill and conducted briefings before Congress as well as at the State Department, Pentagon, Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department, Library of Congress, FBI, National Security Council, and NYPD counterterrorism division, and is frequently interviewed on a variety of Western channels, as well as on Arab TV. Internationally, Mr. Carmon has briefed world bodies and leaders who use MEMRI research, including the European Union, the European Parliament, the U.K. Parliament, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Germany's Foreign Ministry, the Foreign Office of the German government, Russia's Interior Ministry, Sweden's parliament, NATO-affiliated groups, France's Interior Ministry, Norway's parliament, UNESCO, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Petra (Jordan) Conference of Nobel Laureates, the King Juan Carlos Terrorism Conference in Spain, and others. Mr. Carmon was formerly chief counterterrorism advisor to Israeli Prime Ministers Yitzhak Rabin and Yitzhak Shamir, and was a senior delegate to the 1991 Madrid Peace Conference. He left government service nearly two decades ago.
Steven Stalinsky has been Executive Director of MEMRI for over a decade. Mr. Stalinsky's expertise on the Middle East is sought after throughout Washington, D.C., where he has briefed staff of the White House, State Department, Homeland Security, Justice Department, Office of Director of National Intelligence, Government Accountability Office, and other institutions. On Capitol Hill, Mr. Stalinsky frequently assists staff on issues related to the fight against terrorism. His research has been used in major legislation centering on Iran and Egypt, and for the Saudi Accountability Act – which led to his invitation to testify about Saudi Arabia before Congress. Mr. Stalinsky's research has also made an impact internationally. His articles have been cited in official United Nations documents, as well as by members of the U.K. and Canadian parliaments. His groundbreaking expose on the official think-tank of the Arab League, the Zayed Centre, has been recognized as singlehandedly leading to the closure of this anti-American body. Leading media outlets, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, the Associated Press, The Telegraph (UK), The Daily Mail (UK), Fast Company, The Washington Times, Stars & Stripes, and many others have interviewed Mr. Stalinsky on issues surrounding the Middle East. His research has been cited by The Wall Street Journal, ABC News, Fox News, USA Today, The Guardian (U.K.), the BBC, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, National Public Radio, "The O'Reilly Factor," Defense News, and elsewhere. From 2003 through 2007, he wrote a weekly column for the New York Sun focusing on the Arab and Iranian media. In addition to dozens of original research articles authored for MEMRI, Mr. Stalinsky has published articles for multiple newspapers, magazines, and journals including The Wall Street Journal, The Weekly Standard, The Middle East Quarterly, National Review, The Jerusalem Post, and others. Prior to joining MEMRI, Mr. Stalinsky spent a decade in Washington, D.C. at various private and government think-tanks. Before coming to Washington DC, he performed public service within the U.S. through a year in AmeriCorps (often considered the urban Peace Corps) as a City Year member. Directly out of college, he worked on the Clinton/Gore presidential campaign. Mr. Stalinsky, who is currently a candidate for a Ph.D. in Homeland Security Studies, holds a M.A. in Middle Eastern Studies and a B.A. in Religious Studies.
Professor Menahem Milson is chairman of MEMRI's Board of Advisors. Prof. Milson has taught Arabic literature at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel since October 1963. He has been a visiting fellow at well-known academic institutions in the United States and England. Most of Professor Milson's research has been in the field of modern Egyptian literature. He is the author of (among other publications) Najib Mahfuz: The Novelist Philosopher of Cairo (1998) – a comprehensive study of the Egyptian Nobel laureate. In recent years, his research interest has been directed towards issues of Arab antisemitism and reform versus Islamism in the Muslim world. At the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Professor Milson served as head of the Department of Arabic Language and Literature, as Director of the Institute of Asian and African Studies, and as Dean of the Faculty of Humanities (1991/2 to 1997/8). From October 1999 to September 2002, he was Provost of the Rothberg International School. He was President Anwar Sadat's aide-de-camp during the latter's historic visit to Jerusalem in November 1977. Professor Milson was educated at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and at Harvard (Ph.D. 1964).
Tufail Ahmad is Director of MEMRI's South Asia Studies Project (www.memri.org/sasp), which monitors the media of Pakistan and Afghanistan. His research is focused on jihadist movements in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, as well as on counterterrorism policies and issues of cultural and religious freedom in the South Asian region. Prior to joining MEMRI, he worked for the BBC Urdu Service in London for approximately eight years; there he was in charge of coverage of Pakistan. A British journalist of Indian origin, Mr. Ahmad studied Social Systems for an M.A. at New Delhi's Jawaharlal Nehru University, and received an M.A. in War Studies at the Department of War Studies, King's College London. He also holds a Post-Graduate Diploma in Journalism from the Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi.
Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli is a Senior Analyst at MEMRI and editor of MEMRI's Economic Blog (http://memrieconomicblog.org/) Most of Dr. Raphaeli's professional career was spent at the World Bank. He also was a consultant for the International Monetary Fund. He received a Ph.D. in development planning from the University of Michigan. Dr. Raphaeli has conducted groundbreaking work at MEMRI on Iraq, and was the first to translate the "Oil for Food" list of 270 prominent individuals and companies who were helping Saddam Hussein subvert UN sanctions against him. He has since focused on the fall of Saddam and the fledgling democracy in his native Iraq, including the historic elections of which he assisted in voting campaigns for Iraqi expatriates.
Mansour Al-Hadj is the director of MEMRI's Reform in The Arab and Muslim World project. Before joining MEMRI, Mr. Al-Hadj was the senior reporter for AAFAQ Magazine (www.aafaqmagazine.com), an Arabic news website that focuses on Reform and Human Rights in the Middle East. Mr. Al-Hadj has participated in multiple briefings on Capitol Hill, including on the topic of "Movement of Extremism in the Muslim World: Struggle between States and Citizens." Mr. Al-Hadj grew up in Saudi Arabia, an experience he wrote about in a dispatch on MEMRI's website (http://www.memri.org/report/en/0/0/0/0/0/0/3791.htm). He obtained his B.A. in law from the International University of Africa in Khartoum, Sudan in 2003.
Dr. Mirza A. B. Baig is a Senior Analyst at MEMRI's South Asia Studies Project. He monitors the South Asian media, particularly the Urdu- and Hindi-language newspapers and websites. Prior to joining MEMRI, Dr. Baig worked for a number of media organizations, including All India Radio and the BBC's Urdu and Hindi services, for over a decade. Author of a book on the 13th century Persian poet Jalaluddin Rumi, he has also translated several books on history for the National Book Trust of India. Dr. Baig earned an MA in Urdu and another MA in English literature from the Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. Later, he completed an M. Phil degree in comparative literature from New Delhi-based Jawaharlal Nehru University, where he successfully defended his PhD. He also holds an Advanced Diploma in Journalism.
GOVERNMENT & MILITARY AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT
MEMRI's Government & Military Affairs department assists all branches of the U.S. government and military, as well those on the state and local level. To date we have provided MEMRI research to counterterrorism departments in all 50 states. Members of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives – from both sides of the aisle – seek out MEMRI for background information on the region and for expert knowledge on breaking news, as well as for general research. The U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard utilize MEMRI material for cultural awareness training, mission support for soldiers, training aids, pre-deployment preparation, and much more. MEMRI has conducted briefings for the highest levels of the U.S. government, including the White House, Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department, State Department, the FBI, and many more. To learn more about how MEMRI assists the U.S. government, please visit our dedicated website. You can directly contact the Department of Government & Military Affairs
MAIN PROJECTS & ARCHIVES
MEMRI allows easy access to its archives of over 6,000 reports from its Special Dispatch series, Inquiry & Analysis series, and MEMRI TV Project, on all subjects and countries, including nearly 16,000 minutes of translated material from the MEMRI TV Project. There are also over 30,000 individual blog entries available in the archives, as MEMRI adds over 10,000 entries annually to its blogs. The MEMRI TV Project maintains the world's largest archives of translated clips from the Arab and Muslim world.
MEMRI's main projects include:
- THE JIHAD & TERRORISM PROJECT (http://www.memri.org/subject/en/50.htm): This project provides research about Islamist ideology and Islamist organizations that threaten the West, and also monitors groups that educate and preach jihad and martyrdom in mosques, school systems, and the media.
- THE REFORM PROJECT (http://www.memri.org/subject/en/804.htm): This project monitors advocates of reform in the Arab and Muslim world, and the obstacles that they face in advancing their cause. The goal of this project is to provide reformists with a platform from which they can reach out to their societies and to religious, political, and educational leaders while also providing Western policy makers with a solid basis for long-term strategic plans aimed at supporting this effort.
- THE ANTISEMITISM DOCUMENTATION PROJECT (http://www.memri.org/subject/en/51.htm): The Antisemitism Documentation Project documents antisemitic themes in Arabic, Farsi, Urdu-Pashtu, and Turkish newspaper reports, editorials, and other media sources. This project maintains the largest archive in the world of translated material from the Middle East from the past decade. In 2009, MEMRI, in conjunction with The Lantos Foundation for Human Rights, dedicated the Lantos Antisemitism and Holocaust Denial Archives, which will be the repository of MEMRI's Antisemitism Documentation Project.
- THE ARAB & IRANIAN TV MONITORING PROJECT (http://www.memritv.org/ ): This project has produced thousands of clips and hundreds of hours of footage – the largest archives in the world. MEMRI TV is viewed in 197 countries around the world, and to date over 20 million visitors have accessed its website. The MEMRI TV Project monitors over 50 channels around the clock from Iran and the Arab world.
- THE SOUTH ASIA STUDIES PROJECT (http://www.memri.org/sasp): This project is vital to understanding the South Asian region that includes Pakistan and Afghanistan. Initially launched as the Urdu-Pashtu Media Project in January 2008, it was expanded as MEMRI's South Asia Studies Project in 2010. Since its inception, it has published reports and in-depth analytical research papers tracking and analyzing trends in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. The themes covered have included cultural and religious freedom, terrorism, and emerging threats to international security; all are of significant value to the international counterterrorism community.
- The MEMRI 9/11 Documentation Project (http://www.memri.org/9-11project): The 9/11 Documentation Project website is dedicated to the ideological roots of the attack. The website includes primary source material from the Arab and Islamic printed and electronic media, as well as from TV channels and other types of content published elsewhere. MEMRI already possesses the most extensive archives on these subjects, which it has accumulated over the past decade. Among the subjects included in this website's archives are written documents from Al-Qaeda and affiliate organizations, speeches and interviews by leaders of Al-Qaeda and affiliate organizations, wills and statements of the 9/11 perpetrators and their colleagues, and recruitment and indoctrination material of these organizations. The project also documents ongoing efforts to deny responsibility for 9/11 and to attribute it to others, through various conspiracy theories.
- THE IRAN STUDIES PROJECT (http://www.memri.org/content/en/country.htm?country=iran): This project is the only research project in the world that monitors, studies, and translates materials from the Iranian media on a day-to-day basis. The project, which is headed by native-born Iranians, has produced hundreds of hours of translations from Iran's most important media outlets and websites, including over 40 newspapers and more than 16 TV channels, as well as hundreds of original analyses on issues of vital importance, such as Iran's pursuit of nuclear capability, the growth of the Iranian military, speeches by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the increasing influence of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), political unrest in Iran, Friday sermons from Iranian leaders, and much more. The project also monitors liberals and reformists in Iran, including the Green Movement, advocates of women's rights and human rights, democracy, and other issues.
MEMRI's READERSHIP AND AUDIENCE
MEMRI material is used extensively by government bodies and legislatures; militaries – both U.S. and foreign; media; academia; and the public at large.
On a daily basis, MEMRI assists and lends support to all branches of the U.S. Armed Forces, including over 200 different units, in carrying out the War on Terror.
MEMRI continues to support members of academia on a daily basis. To date, over 500 college and universities, in the United States and worldwide, have utilized MEMRI material. As MEMRI Board Member Professor Bernard Lewis said, "MEMRI is the single most important development in Middle East Studies in the past 25 years."
Leading media outlets, both print and television, throughout the world frequently cite MEMRI:
- US Print Media: The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, United Press International, The New Republic, National Review, The New York Daily News, The Boston Globe, The Dallas Morning News, The Chicago Tribune, The San Francisco Chronicle, Newsweek, Time magazine, Foreign Policy, The New Yorker, and The Weekly Standard
- US TV Media: NBC, CBS, ABC, PBS, FOX, The CW Television Network, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, CNN, Bloomberg TV, C-SPAN, Comedy Central, HBO, Cinemax, and the Christian Broadcasting Network.
- Foreign Print: The Daily Telegraph (U.K.); The Sun (U.K.); The Times (U.K.); The Guardian (U.K.); Daily Express (U.K.); Financial Times (U.K.); Politics Today (U.K.); Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (U.K.);Spectator (U.K.);Anorak(U.K.); World Tribune (U.K.); International Herald Tribune (France); Le Monde (France); Primo-Europe (France); Tagesspiegel (Germany); Berliner Zeitung (Germany); Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Germany); Financial Times Germany (Germany); Berliner Zeitung (Germany); Zenith-Zeitschrift fur den Orient (Germany); Corriere Della Sera (Italy); Ventiquattro Minuti (Italy); Reuters Italia (Italy); Citta della Spezia (Italy); L'Occidentale (Italy): El Pais (Spain); La Opinion de Malaga (Spain); Gazeta (Russia); Rossiyskaya Gazeta (Russia); Novy Mir (Russia); Posev (Russia); Kommersant (Russia); Izvestia (Russia); Nezavisimaya (Russia); Literaturnaya Gazeta (Russia); Eurasian Teleforum Magazine (Russia); The Indian Express (India); The Herald and Weekly Times (Australia); The Australian (Australia); Sydney Morning Herald (Australia); Journal of Turkish Weekly (Turkey); The Irish Times (Ireland); Sudan Tribune (Sudan); Howrah News Service (India); National Post (Canada); Jimma Times (Ethiopia); Tribune International (Australia); The Edmonton Sun (Canada); Bangkok Post; Malaysia Sun; Saudi Gazette (Saudi Arabia); The New Statesman (U.K.); Athens News (Greece); Oman Tribune (Oman); The Daily Times (Pakistan); Europe News (Denmark); Budapest Business Journal (Hungary); The Herald Sun (Australia); Die Presse (Austria); Al-Jazirah (Saudi Arabia); Kuwait Times (Kuwait); Poli Gazette (Poland); Pakistan Today (Pakistan); The Ottawa Citizen (Canada); Iran Press Service (Iran); Olandsbladet (Sweden); Le Reporter (Morocco); Naftemporiki (Greece); SOL (Turkey); DNES (Slovakia); Haber 10 (Turkey); Vatan (Turkey); Medya Kulisi (Turkey); BosNewsLife (Hungary)
- Foreign TV: BBC (U.K.); Sky News (U.K.); Channel 4 (UK); Sky TV (U.K.); ITN News (U.K); French/German public TV ARTE; Cosmo TV (Germany); ZDF TV(Germany); Sky TV (Italy); Rai TV (Italy); El-Mundo TV (Spain); Trend News (Croatia); TV 2 Norway; Deutsche Welle TV; Australian Broadcasting Corporation; Viasat 4; The Danish Broadcasting Service; ALSAT TV (Albanian National Satelite Television); CNN International; Kelatan TV (Islamic TV Channel); TV 8 (Sweden); Canadian Broadcasting Company (Canada); CNN-IBN India (India); SBT TV Brazil (Brazil); TV(Europe); N-TV (Denmark); Norway TV (Norway); Sahar TV (Iran); Hessischer Rundfunk (Germany)